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Old 08-26-2004, 01:47 AM   #1
s3b0
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Question environment variables in c++


hello
how can i get environment variable value in c++ program?
thanks in advance
--
s3b0
 
Old 08-26-2004, 03:38 AM   #2
rjlee
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I don't think there's a specific C++ interface but you can certainly use the C mechanism.

At the top of the file, add the line [code]#include <stdlib.h>[/code>

Then, to get the environment variable:
Code:
char * var = getenv("HOME");
(Replace HOME with the variable name you want; $HOME is the user's current directory.)

Hope that helps,

Robert J. Lee
 
Old 08-26-2004, 03:47 AM   #3
s3b0
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Thumbs up

yes
that's what i was looking for
thanks

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s3b0
 
Old 08-27-2004, 04:34 AM   #4
dileepkk
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If u want all the environmental variables, u can try this program

#include<unistd.h>
extern char **environ;
int
main()
{
int i;

for(i=0;environ[i]!=NULL;i++)
printf("%s\n",environ[i]);
return 0;
}

here environ is a global predefined variable

Dileep
 
Old 08-27-2004, 05:19 AM   #5
rjlee
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Or even (using C++ style I/O):

Code:
#include <iostream>
int main(int,char **,char ** envp) {
for(int i=0;envp[i]!=NULL;i++)
  std::cout << envp[i];
  return 0;
}
 
Old 08-27-2004, 09:05 AM   #6
dileepkk
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That is true but for that we have to give parameters to main.
 
Old 08-27-2004, 09:19 AM   #7
x12344321
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envp is (somewhat) depreciated. mabye not in the formal sense, but i wouldnt reccomend using it. environ is a cleaner solution.
 
  


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