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06132004, 03:28 PM

#1

Senior Member
Registered: Aug 2003
Location: Portland, Oregon
Distribution: Gentoo
Posts: 1,372
Rep:

c++ ostream error, messag rot large to trakc down location of error.
I have a small program for rational numbers, there is an error somewhere, however the compiler output is so long after the rror my terminal does not hold it all and I cannot track down the lien number of even which file the problem is in.... I tried using >> temp.txt at the command line to ty and put the output into a textfile, but it gave me a blank text file.
the .h file and the main function in the .cpp were written by my teacher, I tried removign the portions of my code to do with ostream and istream and still got the message.
here is the code if you can help:
Rational.h
Code:
#ifndef RATIONAL_H
#define RATIONAL_H
class Rational {
public:
Rational();
Rational(int);
Rational(int, int);
//big three:
~Rational();
Rational(const Rational&);
Rational& operator=(const Rational&);
//accessors
int getNum() const;
int getDen() const;
//binary operators as member functions
Rational operator+(const Rational& rhs);
Rational operator(const Rational& rhs);
Rational operator*(const Rational& rhs);
Rational operator/(const Rational& rhs);
//unary operators
Rational& operator++();
Rational& operator++(int);
Rational& operator();
Rational& operator(int);
private:
int num;
int den;
//utility functions for internal use only
int gcd();
void reduce();
};
//binary operators as nonmember functions
Rational operator+(const Rational& lhs, const Rational& rhs);
Rational operator(const Rational& lhs, const Rational& rhs);
Rational operator*(const Rational& lhs, const Rational& rhs);
Rational operator/(const Rational& lhs, const Rational& rhs);
ostream& operator<<(ostream& os, const Rational& r);
istream& operator>>(istream& is, Rational& r);
#endif
Rational.cpp
Code:
#include <iostream>
#include "Rational.h"
using namespace std;
void f(Rational x);
int main() {
Rational s, t(2), u(3, 4), v(16, 160);
cout << "s = " << s << endl;
cout << "t = " << t << endl;
cout << "u = " << u << endl;
cout << "v = " << v << endl;
cout << "prefix increment u " << ++u << endl;
cout << "postfix increment u " << u++ << endl;
cout << "now u is " << u << endl;
cout << u << " + " << v << " = " << (u+v) << endl;
cout << u << "  " << v << " = " << (uv) << endl;
cout << u << " * " << v << " = " << (u*v) << endl;
cout << u << " / " << v << " = " << (u/v) << endl;
v = u * ( s + t);
cout << "u * ( s + t): " << v << endl;
v = 2 + s;
cout << "2 + s: " << v << endl;
//test copy constructor
f(s);
cout << "return from f. s = " << s << endl;
}
void f(Rational x) {
cout << "in f. x = " << x << cout;
}
Rational::Rational() : num(1), den(1)
{
reduce();
}
Rational::Rational(int I) : num(I), den(1)
{
reduce();
}
Rational::Rational(int N, int D) : num(N), den(D)
{
reduce();
}
Rational::~Rational()
{
//I do not think anything is needed here, no pointers.
}
Rational::Rational(const Rational& R)
{
den = R.den;
num = R.num;
reduce();
}
Rational& Rational::operator=(const Rational& R)
{
den = R.den;
num = R.num;
reduce();
return * this;
}
int Rational::getNum() const
{
return num;
}
int Rational::getDen() const
{
return den;
}
Rational Rational::operator+(const Rational& rhs)
{
den += rhs.den;
num += rhs.num;
reduce();
Rational Out(num,den);
return Out;
}
Rational Rational::operator(const Rational& rhs)
{
den = rhs.den;
num = rhs.num;
reduce();
Rational Out(num,den);
return Out;
}
Rational Rational::operator*(const Rational& rhs)
{
den *= rhs.den;
num *= rhs.num;
reduce();
Rational Out(num,den);
return Out;
}
Rational Rational::operator/(const Rational& rhs)
{
den /= rhs.den;
num /= rhs.num;
reduce();
Rational Out(num,den);
return Out;
}
Rational& Rational::operator++()
{
cout << "NoInt" << endl;
num++;
reduce();
return * this;
}
Rational& Rational::operator++(int)
{
cout << "Int" << endl;
num++;
reduce();
return * this;
}
Rational& Rational::operator()
{
cout << "NoInt" << endl;
num;
reduce();
return * this;
}
Rational& Rational::operator(int)
{
cout << "Int" << endl;
num;
reduce();
return * this;
}
int Rational::gcd()
{
//unused
}
void Rational::reduce()
{
//I modeled this after the C# code I wrote last quarter.
int counter = 9;
int pass = 1;
while (counter > 1)
{
if (((num % counter) == 0) && ((den%counter) == 0))
{
num /= counter;
den /= counter;
}
counter;
if ((counter == 1) && (pass == 1))
{
counter = 9;
pass = 2;
}
}
}
Rational operator+(const Rational& lhs, const Rational& rhs)
{
int den = (lhs.getDen() * rhs.getDen());
int num = ((lhs.getNum() * rhs.getDen()) + (rhs.getNum() * lhs.getDen()));
Rational Out(num,den);
return Out;
}
Rational operator(const Rational& lhs, const Rational& rhs)
{
int den = (lhs.getDen() * rhs.getDen());
int num = ((lhs.getNum() * rhs.getDen())  (rhs.getNum() * lhs.getDen()));
Rational Out(num,den);
return Out;
}
Rational operator*(const Rational& lhs, const Rational& rhs)
{
Rational Out(lhs.getNum() * rhs.getNum(),lhs.getDen() * rhs.getDen());
return Out;
}
Rational operator/(const Rational& lhs, const Rational& rhs)
{
Rational Out(lhs.getNum() * rhs.getDen(), lhs.getDen() * rhs.getNum());
return Out;
}
ostream& operator<<(ostream& os, const Rational& r)
{
os << r.getNum() << "/" << r.getDen();
return os;
}
istream& operator>>(istream& is, Rational& r)
{
int N, D;
char temp;
is >> N >> temp >> D;
Rational Temp(N,D);
r = Temp;
return is;
}



06132004, 04:00 PM

#2

Moderator
Registered: Feb 2002
Location: Grenoble
Distribution: Debian
Posts: 9,537
Rep:

Move 'using namespace std' before you include the header file (or add it to the header file). Then it should compile.
When you have a problem like this use
Code:
g++ something.cpp 2>logfile
When you just use >> without a number, you redirect standard output, not standard error. 0, is standard input, 1 standard output and 2 standard error.



06132004, 06:35 PM

#3

Senior Member
Registered: Aug 2003
Location: Portland, Oregon
Distribution: Gentoo
Posts: 1,372
Original Poster
Rep:

thank you, I knw there was a way to do it, but could not find it, thank you :D



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