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Old 08-11-2006, 06:51 PM   #1
sadarax
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Bash script using tab complete


EDIT: This program has been fixed. I have found the answer, see some of the posts below.

I am looking for some information on writing a bash script that can use tab completion (both to catch the signal for trying to complete and also to possibly list available options). Can anyone give me some information on this?

Last edited by sadarax; 01-30-2007 at 08:22 PM.
 
Old 08-12-2006, 01:10 AM   #2
aus9
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not sure if you know there is already a bash completion application or its just my bad misunderstanding that you are a programmer and need something bigger?

if so try here
http://freshmeat.net/search/?q=bash+...Go.x=7&Go.y=10
 
Old 08-22-2006, 05:46 PM   #3
archtoad6
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From the bash man page:
Quote:
Readline Command Names

The following is a list of the names of the commands and the default key sequences to which they are bound. Command names without an accompanying key sequence are unbound by default. In the following descriptions, point refers to the current cursor position, and mark refers to a cursor position saved by the set-mark command. The text between the point and mark is referred to as the region.
and a little later:
Quote:
possible-completions (M-?)
List the possible completions of the text before point.

insert-completions (M-*)
Insert all completions of the text before point that would have been generated by possible-completions.
any chance this is what you want?
 
Old 08-22-2006, 06:24 PM   #4
sadarax
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Quote:
Originally Posted by archtoad6
From the bash man page:

and a little later:

any chance this is what you want?
This is a little more along the lines of what I want. Basically, I am creating a function that acts like the normal 'cd' command except that it has one special feature. Basically, lets call my script or bash function 'sd'. This is a cd command with only one variation, it is case sensative only when necessary. Meaning if you have a directory with these folders:

Quote:
Access
Documents
Linux
System
If you use the 'sd docu+TAB', the function will check for the 'docu*' first, then if it does not find anything matching that, it will check for an different case (uppercase) variation of it, and then use that for tab completion.

I basically need it to catch the TAB key as a signal. I am pretty sure I can write the rest of the responses from there. Is there a predefined way of doing this? Is there a style or some helpful builtin utility to BASH for this?

I wonder if am I making this more difficult than it should be?
 
Old 08-23-2006, 07:09 AM   #5
archtoad6
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Before I found those references in the bash man page, I would have thought your problem impossible: I thought that the TAB is a meta-key as used on the CLI, & therefore not embeddable in a script.

The fact that the writers of bash provided the mechanism I found is a tribute to their forethought.

BTW, I only found the references -- I have no idea how to use them.

Good luck & please post your outcome.
 
Old 08-25-2006, 02:00 PM   #6
sadarax
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So I looked around and found the readline libraries, which seem to be the super-set of the Bash completion functions. Now, I cannot find ANY information on how to actually use readline functions, just how to install them.

I eventually found the 'rl_bind_key_if_unbound' function, and it looked like what I wanted. Here is a code example:

Code:
function sd
{
  echo "TAB!" # Just testing
}
rl_bind_key_if_unbound('\t', sd() )
When I try to 'source .bashrc' the file, I get the error:

bash: .bashrc: line 9: syntax error near unexpected token `'\t','
bash: .bashrc: line 9: `rl_bind_key_if_unbound('\t', sd() );'
 
Old 01-30-2007, 08:21 PM   #7
sadarax
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I have found the solution! Now I am programming TAB completion into my functions, programs and other such things. Here is the basics BASH tab completion programming for anyone who wants to start:

Code:
# 'local' can only be used within a function, exclude it if not using a function
  COMPREPLY=()
  local cur="${COMP_WORDS[COMP_CWORD]}"
  local opts="Whatever sort of tabbing options you want to have!"
  COMPREPLY=($(compgen -W "${opts}" -- ${cur}))
Those for lines are all you really need. plus this the 'complete --option opts' line. Here is my current simple example:

Code:
function sd
{
# 'local' can only be used within a function, exclude it if not using a function
  COMPREPLY=()
  local cur="${COMP_WORDS[COMP_CWORD]}"
  local opts="Whatever sort of tabbing options you want to have!"
  COMPREPLY=($(compgen -W "${opts}" -- ${cur}))
}
complete -F "sd" -o "default" "sd"
# complete -F "sd" -o "nospace" "sd" ## Use this if you do not want a space after the completed word
You can manipulation the string input however you want, just make sure you clear COMPREPLY, and grab the current command prompt info, and append them using compgen.

Last edited by sadarax; 02-05-2007 at 04:50 PM. Reason: [code] forum tags problem
 
  


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