Yes, both your graphics card and mobo are supported
Nvidia FX 5200
"And is the CD-ROM the only hasrdware that Mandrake Linux can mess up? everything else will just.. not work right while on Mandrake Linux, but will work just fine on Windows?"
The CD-ROM problem was associated with LG's branded CD-ROMS (and some others, can't remember right now) and 9.2. It shouldn't apply to you, even if you have a LG, since you are installing 10.0.
As with the everything working right, can't say until you give it a go and install it. If you do run into any problems, you already know where to go and get help