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Old 09-07-2005, 04:44 PM   #1
Da Puff
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Registered: Aug 2005
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Can't SSH until restart service


I'm running Mandriva LE2005 and trying to get my ssh working. I have no firewall set up. When I start my computer, I cannot ssh into it (Connection Refused). However, when I type "service sshd restart", I can then connect without any problem.

How do I get ssh to work right after startup?

Here's my sshd_config:

Code:
#	$OpenBSD: sshd_config,v 1.69 2004/05/23 23:59:53 dtucker Exp $

# This is the sshd server system-wide configuration file.  See
# sshd_config(5) for more information.

# This sshd was compiled with PATH=/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin

# The strategy used for options in the default sshd_config shipped with
# OpenSSH is to specify options with their default value where
# possible, but leave them commented.  Uncommented options change a
# default value.

#Port 22
#Protocol 2,1
Protocol 2
#ListenAddress 0.0.0.0
#ListenAddress ::

# HostKey for protocol version 1
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_key
# HostKeys for protocol version 2
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key

# Lifetime and size of ephemeral version 1 server key
#KeyRegenerationInterval 1h
#ServerKeyBits 768

# Logging
#obsoletes QuietMode and FascistLogging
#SyslogFacility AUTH
#LogLevel INFO

# Authentication:

#LoginGraceTime 2m
PermitRootLogin yes
#StrictModes yes
#MaxAuthTries 6

#RSAAuthentication yes
#PubkeyAuthentication yes
#AuthorizedKeysFile	.ssh/authorized_keys

# For this to work you will also need host keys in /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts
#RhostsRSAAuthentication no
# similar for protocol version 2
#HostbasedAuthentication no
# Change to yes if you don't trust ~/.ssh/known_hosts for
# RhostsRSAAuthentication and HostbasedAuthentication
#IgnoreUserKnownHosts no
# Don't read the user's ~/.rhosts and ~/.shosts files
#IgnoreRhosts yes

# To disable tunneled clear text passwords, change to no here!
#PasswordAuthentication yes
#PermitEmptyPasswords no

# Change to no to disable s/key passwords
#ChallengeResponseAuthentication yes

# Kerberos options
#KerberosAuthentication no
#KerberosOrLocalPasswd yes
#KerberosTicketCleanup yes
#KerberosGetAFSToken no

# GSSAPI options
#GSSAPIAuthentication no
#GSSAPICleanupCredentials yes

# Set this to 'yes' to enable PAM authentication, account processing, 
# and session processing. If this is enabled, PAM authentication will 
# be allowed through the ChallengeResponseAuthentication mechanism. 
# Depending on your PAM configuration, this may bypass the setting of 
# PasswordAuthentication, PermitEmptyPasswords, and 
# "PermitRootLogin without-password". If you just want the PAM account and 
# session checks to run without PAM authentication, then enable this but set 
# ChallengeResponseAuthentication=no
UsePAM no

#AllowTcpForwarding yes
#GatewayPorts no
X11Forwarding yes
#X11DisplayOffset 10
#X11UseLocalhost yes
#PrintMotd yes
#PrintLastLog yes
#TCPKeepAlive yes
#UseLogin no
UsePrivilegeSeparation yes
#PermitUserEnvironment no
#Compression yes
#ClientAliveInterval 0
#ClientAliveCountMax 3
#UseDNS yes
#PidFile /var/run/sshd.pid
#MaxStartups 10

# no default banner path
#Banner /some/path

# override default of no subsystems
Subsystem	sftp	/usr/lib/ssh/sftp-server
And my ssh_config:

Code:
#	$OpenBSD: ssh_config,v 1.19 2003/08/13 08:46:31 markus Exp $

# This is the ssh client system-wide configuration file.  See
# ssh_config(5) for more information.  This file provides defaults for
# users, and the values can be changed in per-user configuration files
# or on the command line.

# Configuration data is parsed as follows:
#  1. command line options
#  2. user-specific file
#  3. system-wide file
# Any configuration value is only changed the first time it is set.
# Thus, host-specific definitions should be at the beginning of the
# configuration file, and defaults at the end.

# Site-wide defaults for various options

# Host *
#   ForwardAgent no
#   ForwardX11 no
#   RhostsRSAAuthentication no
#   RSAAuthentication yes
#   PasswordAuthentication yes
#   HostbasedAuthentication no
#   BatchMode no
#   CheckHostIP yes
#   AddressFamily any
#   ConnectTimeout 0
#   StrictHostKeyChecking ask
#   IdentityFile ~/.ssh/identity
#   IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa
#   IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_dsa
#   Port 22
#   Protocol 2,1
#   Cipher 3des
#   Ciphers aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,arcfour,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc
#   EscapeChar ~

Host *
  ForwardX11 yes
  ForwardX11Trusted yes
  Protocol 2,1
    StrictHostKeyChecking no
Thanks
 
Old 09-08-2005, 02:05 AM   #2
tkedwards
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Registered: Aug 2004
Location: Munich, Germany
Distribution: Opensuse 11.2
Posts: 1,549

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Ssh sets itself up as a normal Linux service with a script in the /etc/init.d directory.

So you can either set it to boot at start with:
Code:
su
chkconfig sshd on
or go into the Mandrake Control Centre and use the services control panel in there if you prefer to do things in a GUI (http://doc.mandrivalinux.com/Mandriv...xservices.html)
 
Old 09-14-2005, 10:08 AM   #3
Micro420
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Registered: Aug 2003
Location: Berkeley, CA
Distribution: Mac OS X Leopard 10.6.2, Windows 2003 Server/Vista/7/XP/2000/NT/98, Ubuntux64, CentOS4.8/5.4
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Since we're on this topic of services, how would I get 'kwikdisk' to load everytime I started KDE? I closed it and now it won't show up in the lower right corner of my taskbar. If I added kwikdisk to my /etc/init.d file, would it load automatically?
 
Old 09-14-2005, 07:13 PM   #4
tkedwards
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Registered: Aug 2004
Location: Munich, Germany
Distribution: Opensuse 11.2
Posts: 1,549

Rep: Reputation: 51
Quote:
There are several options to have a user program (ie. not a daemon) start up with Linux:
Put a command line call to the program at the bottom of /etc/rc.d/local. NOTE that this will start the program as root and will start it for all configurations - ie. X or no X, KDE, GNOME or other.
KDE Autostart folder. Open the folder ~/.kde/autostart and put symlinks, scripts or .desktop files in there for programs to start with KDE.
KDE Saved Session from previous logout. The settings for this are in ~/.kde/share/config/session but try the autostart folder over this one.
GNOME startup programs. In Preferences->Sessions click the Startup Programs tab to get it to start up with GNOME.
.bash_profile, .bashrc or /etc/profile. Not recommended cause it'll start again each time you open a shell.
Try .xinitrc and .xinitsession for startup with X Windows.
from some file I had lying around in my HOWTO's folder - HTH
 
Old 09-14-2005, 08:51 PM   #5
Micro420
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Distribution: Mac OS X Leopard 10.6.2, Windows 2003 Server/Vista/7/XP/2000/NT/98, Ubuntux64, CentOS4.8/5.4
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Very helpful! Thank you
 
  


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