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Old 01-09-2010, 04:41 AM   #1
isaaclw
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using find to only search specific directories


I'm trying to figure our how the "-prune" option works. I've searched quite a bit on line, and as far as I can tell, "-prune" works exactly the opposite as it says.

I'm using Apt-proxy, and I want to scan through the folders, and find files that end with "*.bz2"
The problem is that the search takes a while because of all the "*.deb" files.
Fortunately, they're stored in their own folder:

/var/cache/apt-proxy/ubuntu
/var/cache/apt-proxy/ubuntu-security
/var/cache/apt-proxy/partner
each have two folders:
"pool", "dist"

I want to go into the "dist" folders, and find "*.bz2" files, but not the "pool" folders.

so I tried:
Code:
find /var/cache/apt-proxy/ -path "*pool" -prune
and it returned only the "pool" directories without even going down.
adding the option "-mindepth 6" doesn't do anything... (running mindepth 6 by itself with -name "*.bz2" returns all the files)

I was hoping to write this out so that find will return the file as fast as possible, since there really isn't that much to search (assuming the "pool" folder is skipped.)

What am I doing wrong?
 
Old 01-09-2010, 06:44 AM   #2
David the H.
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As I understand it, -prune basically says to ignore the previous name match, but it doesn't automatically say to print anything else. If you want find to continue to search for other paths, use the -o option to add them to the command afterwards.

I think this should work, but I can't actually test it myself, since I don't have an apt-proxy directory.
Code:
find /var/cache/apt-proxy/ -path "*pool" -prune -o "*.bz2"

Last edited by David the H.; 01-09-2010 at 06:46 AM.
 
Old 01-09-2010, 06:58 AM   #3
isaaclw
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Quote:
Originally Posted by David the H. View Post
Code:
find /var/cache/apt-proxy/ -path "*pool" -prune -o "*.bz2"
That throws an error:
Code:
find: paths must preceede expression: *.bz2
Usage: .....
So I tried:
Code:
find /var/cache/apt-proxy/ -path "*pool" -prune -o -name "*.bz2"
But it's listing the "pool" folders.
Its no big deal (I can cut them out if I have to) , but I'm still unsure why it's even including them...

Last edited by isaaclw; 01-09-2010 at 07:41 AM.
 
Old 01-09-2010, 07:04 AM   #4
David the H.
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Whoops, sorry. Forgot to add the -name option there. Truth is, I'm not an expert on find. Perhaps using -wholename instead of -path would help?

You can read more about find, and the prune option, here.
http://www.grymoire.com/Unix/Find.html#uh-16
 
Old 01-09-2010, 08:29 AM   #5
colucix
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Quote:
Originally Posted by David the H. View Post
Perhaps using -wholename instead of -path would help?
You caught the point, David. The following should work:
Code:
find /var/cache/apt-proxy -wholename \*pool -prune -o -name \*.bz2 -print
@isaaclw: you can also take a look at this post, here on LinuxQuestions... a little self-citation!
 
Old 01-09-2010, 09:01 AM   #6
isaaclw
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ok. this worked exactly how I needed:
Code:
find /var/cache/apt-proxy/ -mindepth 6 -path "*pool" -prune -o -name "*.bz2"
Adding the "mindepth" removed the "pool" folders from the output.

I'll check out the wholename option, but mostly just to learn how find works...
 
  


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