Linux - SoftwareThis forum is for Software issues.
Having a problem installing a new program? Want to know which application is best for the job? Post your question in this forum.
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
i have newly switched to Linux (using Mandrake 10). i dove right in to compiling programs from source, using RPM packages, installing wine and running Windows programs, etc. for the most part, I have had a lot of success. i am able to do most things in Linux that I used to do in Windows, and I feel that in a couple of months it will all be second nature to me like it was in Windows.
my question has to do with managing all of the installation and configuration that goes into getting the OS to have the right software, etc. i have been compiling some things from inside my home directory, and then these things (wine, for instance) install to who-knows-where. i have been putting some pre-compiled packages into /opt/ or /usr/share/ in pretty much a random fashion. i have been using RPMs sometimes as well.
i feel like i have, for the large part, lost control of my filesystem, my config, what i have installed, etc. i think that once i get the hang of linux, figure out what programs i need to run, and what configuration options i want to use, i am going to reinstall Mandrake 10 from scratch and do everything again in a more controlled fashion. are there any articles out there or general feelings on the best practices for managing all of this stuff?
most programs compiled from source will install into the /usr/local area
at first, it seems things installs into random locations, but eventually you will see there is a pretty cool method that goes with it
/bin usually contains programs that are just basic necessities for running linux
/sbin is the superuser equivalent
/lib usually contains libraries that are bare necessities
/usr/bin usually contains programs that are precompiled and/or come with your distro
/usr/sbin is the superuser equiv
/usr/lib contains other libraries important to run what your distro installs
/usr/local/bin usually contains programs you generically compile with ./configure
/usr/local/sbin is the superuser equiv
/usr/local/lib.... you get the idea
just realize that for pretty much any program/library you install will install to their respective necessary paths in /usr or /usr/local.... you can do "which command" to see where it is located, and if it has any other files, it will most likely be located in $PREFIX/lib or $PREFIX/include, etc
for example, wine will install its binaries into /usr/local/bin, (so $PREFIX is /usr/local); the libraries get installed into /usr/local/lib, etc.
*edit: if by control you mean package management, you can build from source and then use tools like checkinstall to build packages that will tell you exactly where everything installs, and is a handy reference for uninstallation
also, many sources come with the ability to do make uninstall, so if you want to delete wine after deleting the source, just redownload the same version's source, run configure with the same options, and issue make uninstall
Last edited by TheOneAndOnlySM; 06-03-2004 at 10:14 PM.