Linux - SoftwareThis forum is for Software issues.
Having a problem installing a new program? Want to know which application is best for the job? Post your question in this forum.
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
ok i installed Linux Red Hat 9.0 i chose to install the Server and http and ftp enabled
after the instalation was conplete i found out apache 2.0 was installed, i also found out that my home directory was / var /www /html
now in normal cases i should be able to c the home page (index.html placed inthe above mentioned dir.) by typing hxxp:// localhost / index.html or hxxp://x.x.x.x/index.html
but i dont get nething and i couldnt try hxxp:// x.x.x.x cause i dont know wat is the ip it took from my dhcp server (win2k) the host name of the pc is ftpsvr ... i tried hxxp:// ftpsvr and mozilla forwards that to hxxp://www.ftpsvr.com
i hope some one can give me some really basic tipes on wats going on, and i would love to find out where to change my ip from dynamic to static.
remember that i am a beginer and anything technical you explain should have a small description.
thanx in advance
replace hxxp: tp h t t p since the forum doesnt allow me to post urls ( i dont have enough number of posts; how can i i just started using linux )
Question: Do you have a switch/router connected? If so, we have to forward 80 that to the ftpsvr box.
Also, if you go to mozilla and type in http://localhost (without the index.html) What do you see? - this is important because if you don't get the default apache screen, we will have to look at your httpd.conf file most likely.
i solved that problem. (the problem was sith the dns svr that i have.
i am in a LAN network where my DNS is a win2k box and linux didnt register the name so i did it manualy and it worked i also addes the name under etc/host. to get it working.
Now my new problem is ftp How do i config an ftp svr on this box ?
how do i know if there is one already ( i cant connect to it by typing ftp://ftpsvr from IE on a remote box i tried the ip that doesnt work either)
david i just want to know something now ... is the ftp service started when i restart now .. or should i start the service everytime i restart?
another thing is ... where can i find details on chmod... i am not sure wat that is but i think its something like the NTFS permisions in windows ( i am just assuming ) any way .. if you can give me a place where i can learn these things it would be great and i wouldnt have to bother you so much
# Example config file /etc/vsftpd.conf
# The default compiled in settings are very paranoid. This sample file
# loosens things up a bit, to make the ftp daemon more usable.
# Allow anonymous FTP?
# Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
# Uncomment this to enable any form of FTP write command.
# Default umask for local users is 077. You may wish to change this to 022,
# if your users expect that (022 is used by most other ftpd's)
# Uncomment this to allow the anonymous FTP user to upload files. This only
# has an effect if the above global write enable is activated. Also, you will
# obviously need to create a directory writable by the FTP user.
# Uncomment this if you want the anonymous FTP user to be able to create
# new directories.
# Activate directory messages - messages given to remote users when they
# go into a certain directory.
# Activate logging of uploads/downloads.
# Make sure PORT transfer connections originate from port 20 (ftp-data).
# If you want, you can arrange for uploaded anonymous files to be owned by
# a different user. Note! Using "root" for uploaded files is not
# You may override where the log file goes if you like. The default is shown
# If you want, you can have your log file in standard ftpd xferlog format
# You may change the default value for timing out an idle session.
# You may change the default value for timing out a data connection.
# It is recommended that you define on your system a unique user which the
# ftp server can use as a totally isolated and unprivileged user.
# Enable this and the server will recognise asynchronous ABOR requests. Not
# recommended for security (the code is non-trivial). Not enabling it,
# however, may confuse older FTP clients.
# By default the server will pretend to allow ASCII mode but in fact ignore
# the request. Turn on the below options to have the server actually do ASCII
# mangling on files when in ASCII mode.
# Beware that turning on ascii_download_enable enables malicious remote parties
# to consume your I/O resources, by issuing the command "SIZE /big/file" in
# ASCII mode.
# These ASCII options are split into upload and download because you may wish
# to enable ASCII uploads (to prevent uploaded scripts etc. from breaking),
# without the DoS risk of SIZE and ASCII downloads. ASCII mangling should be
# on the client anyway..
# You may fully customise the login banner string:
#ftpd_banner=Welcome to blah FTP service.
# You may specify a file of disallowed anonymous e-mail addresses. Apparently
# useful for combatting certain DoS attacks.
# (default follows)
# You may specify an explicit list of local users to chroot() to their home
# directory. If chroot_local_user is YES, then this list becomes a list of
# users to NOT chroot().
# (default follows)
# You may activate the "-R" option to the builtin ls. This is disabled by
# default to avoid remote users being able to cause excessive I/O on large
# sites. However, some broken FTP clients such as "ncftp" and "mirror" assume
# the presence of the "-R" option, so there is a strong case for enabling it.
#enable for standalone mode
#this line is added by ramzi
ok now wat i want to do is as follow:
the user ftpuser wants to log into home directory /var/www/
but once he is there he should not be able to go to a lower level and access the root or anything else thats means he should be able to browse /var/www/ but not /var/
i know my english is not very good and its hard to understand me, forgive me
david do you know where i can get a PDF about linux (red hat bible or red hat for dummies would be great)