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I'm currently checking the (few) major Linux distros localized for French that I can burn onto a USB keydrive to run Linux without a hard drive (ie. not as an alternative to a CD to install Linux). At this point, it's pretty much down to Ubuntu, Mint, and Fedora.
After booting from the USB key, I need to remove apps I don't need (eg. LibreOffice) and add a couple I do need (Gparted, etc.), and remove all references to installing Linux on the hard drive (eg. Ubuntu displays a "Welcome to Linux: Install, Run" type of screen + shortcut on the desktop).
I know of the following four tools to turn a running Linux into an ISO that I could then use to burn new USB keydrives with that customized Linux:
Remastersys works well. I've used it with Debian 6.0.3 and the Ubuntu version of remastersys with several distributions including Mint. I've also used mylivecd with PCLinuxOS. I don't know about Reconstructor of re-linux, haven't tried them. Mylivecd and remastersys are used to remaster installed systems.
When I had to do something like that I went with a Debian base install, then added all needed software and used Debian Live to make a Live version from that OS.
Still have to research how to make a live Slackware.
You might like to consider the live CD version of Salix. It has LiveClone that will generate a live iso image based on a running system and install-on-USB.sh which creates usb installers from the iso file.