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Old 11-10-2009, 06:53 AM   #1
celembor
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Ping shell script to report high rtt


Hi,

I'm trying to write a shell script that makes a ping, with three parameters (IP, count and max rtt), to print the echo response that exceeds the max rtt put as parameter, with a time stamp.

i.e. if I make a ping to 192.168.85.125, with a rtt of 100ms, only prints the echo response that exceeds 100ms:

64 bytes from 192.168.85.125: icmp_seq=4 ttl=128 time=238.39 ms 13:48:34
64 bytes from 192.168.85.125: icmp_seq=12 ttl=128 time=102.19 ms 13:48:54

Really I'm not good at shell scripting, and I'm a few days thinking on it, without a good solution.

any ideas?

Thanks
 
Old 11-10-2009, 03:16 PM   #2
unSpawn
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Quote:
Originally Posted by celembor View Post
Really I'm not good at shell scripting, and I'm a few days thinking on it, without a good solution.

any ideas?
Post whatever (pseudo)code you got?
 
Old 11-19-2009, 05:03 AM   #3
celembor
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Well, I was trying to make something like this (pseudo-code):

make a ping with IP and RTT
read IP and RTT

take time value from each line of echo reply
if time is higher than RTT
print line

---------

In concept it's easy, but I don't know how to create it. I'm not good at shell scripting
 
Old 11-21-2009, 10:26 PM   #4
Guyverix
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try something like this then:


ping google.com -i .1 -c 3 | tail -1
This will give you the final line back from three quick pings.

rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 83.148/84.529/85.310/0.979 ms

Now use awk / sed / cut whatever and grab the data you want.

Then just use a if statment and say something along the lines of this maybe..

if [ $RETURN_VALUE -gt <insert threshold here> ]; then
do something
else
everything is good
fi

If you are still learning the basics, try this to format the data in a way that you can use..
run the return data through sed, and change the / character to a space. Now use the awk '{print $#}' to grab the data that you want to compare to your threshold value. If you go about this in this way your print # should be 7-10 depending on how you look at it. Post back if you need more details..

Last edited by Guyverix; 11-21-2009 at 10:31 PM.
 
Old 11-21-2009, 11:22 PM   #5
catkin
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An alternative solution
Code:
#!/bin/bash

echo "$(ping -c3 linuxquestions.org )" | while read
do
    case $REPLY in
        *'time=2'[0-9][0-9]* )
            echo "$REPLY"
    esac
done
EDIT:

Oops! That only catches 200-299 ms outputs

This is better
Code:
#!/bin/bash

shopt -s extglob

echo "$(ping -c3 linuxquestions.org )" | while read
do
    case $REPLY in
        *'time='[2-9][0-9][0-9]* | *'time='+([0-9])[0-9][0-9][0-9]*)
            echo "$REPLY"
    esac
done

Last edited by catkin; 11-22-2009 at 02:55 AM.
 
Old 11-22-2009, 03:02 AM   #6
Guyverix
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Grin, thats a good example, but for someone who is learning scripting, how is he going to make sense of that?
 
Old 11-23-2009, 10:38 AM   #7
celembor
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Thank you for this posts.

You're right Guyverix, I don't undertand that script.

Maybe my point of view to perform this script is not right, but I was thinking in something different

command should be something like this:
ping 192.168.1.25 100
and take 100 as max time for echo response. This should make a ping to that IP, and when one of those has a response higher than 100 ms, then it is printed in screen (or file), like this:
64 bytes from 192.168.1.25: icmp_seq=4 ttl=128 time=238.39 ms

thanks for your time
 
Old 11-24-2009, 12:04 AM   #8
Guyverix
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So you are thinking more like a continuous ping for an IP and if time is greater than 100 then echo it.
If I were going to code it, I would do something like this then: (this code will not work out of the box, but gives you an idea of the way I am looking at the problem)

# if you do not want this to just run forever, use the -c switch in ping (counts)
#check takes the first arg as an IP address.
#threshold is your second commandline arg.
threshold=$2
check=`ping $1`
while read $check; do
#clean will pull time=###, and sed will strip all A-Z chars, and the =.
clean=`echo $check | awk '{print $7}' | sed 's/[A-Z a-z =]//g'`
if [ $clean -gt $threshold ]; then
echo "Threshold crossed RTT $clean"
fi
done
 
Old 11-24-2009, 02:24 AM   #9
tacorama
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i was thinking of something a little simpler
what if you tried to incorporate grep for part of your code...

Quote:
ping google.com | grep time=[1-9][0-9][0-9]
but it fails at 4 digit time values
 
Old 11-24-2009, 02:38 AM   #10
catkin
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Quote:
Originally Posted by celembor View Post
Thank you for this posts.

You're right Guyverix, I don't undertand that script.

Maybe my point of view to perform this script is not right, but I was thinking in something different

command should be something like this:
ping 192.168.1.25 100
and take 100 as max time for echo response. This should make a ping to that IP, and when one of those has a response higher than 100 ms, then it is printed in screen (or file), like this:
64 bytes from 192.168.1.25: icmp_seq=4 ttl=128 time=238.39 ms

thanks for your time
Change linuxquestions.org to 192.168.1.25 100 and the script I posted does exactly that.

If you want an explanation of how the script works please ask.
 
Old 11-24-2009, 03:13 AM   #11
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Quote:
Originally Posted by celembor View Post
I'm not good at shell scripting (..) I don't undertand that script.
..and since the OP never posted code he could also benefit from eyeing some basic scripting tutorials like http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/Bash-Prog-Intro-HOWTO.html, http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Bash-Beginne...tml/index.html (, http://www.tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/ )
 
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Old 12-02-2009, 07:12 AM   #12
celembor
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Talking

Hello,

finally I got what I wanted:
Code:
#!/bin/bash

IP=$1 #Destination address
MAX=$2 #Max time in milisecons to record
SEG="5" #number of seconds for each ping

ping="/bin/ping"

###########################################################
# FUNCTIONS
#
function float_cond()
{
	local cond=0
	if [[ $# -gt 0 ]]; then
		cond=$(echo "$*" | bc -q 2>/dev/null)
		if [[ -z "$cond" ]]; then cond=0; fi
		if [[ "$cond" != 0  &&  "$cond" != 1 ]]; then cond=0; fi
	fi
	local stat=$((cond == 0))
	return $stat
}
###########################################################


while true
do

	RET=`${ping} -c 1 ${IP} | grep 'time=' | awk '{print $7}' | cut -d '=' -f 2`
	if float_cond "${RET} > ${MAX}"; then
		echo "["`date '+%T'`"]: echo reply from ${IP} time=${RET} ms"
		#echo "["`date '+%Y%m%d%k%M%S'`"]  TIME: ${RET}"
	fi
	sleep ${SEG}
done
thanks for your help.
 
  


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