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Old 05-14-2008, 07:49 AM   #1
paragkalra
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Registered: Sep 2006
Location: Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
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I lost my 22 GB chunk of disk drive


Folks,

Few days back I bought 500 GB Seagate Sata disk drive. I actually got only 459 GB but it's ok.

Issue started after that. I created 3 partitions in it using "fdisk" utility.
/dev/sdb1 15GB - ext3
/dev/sdb2 2GB - swap
/dev/sdb3 442GB - ext3

I then formated the first and last partitions using following commands:
# mke2fs -j /dev/sdb1
# mke2fs -j /dev/sdb3

However on mounting these two partitions, df -h shows following status:
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/sdc2 17G 7.5G 8.1G 49% /
/dev/sdb3 442G 105M 420G 1% /mnt
/dev/sdb1 15G 70M 14G 1% /temp

As you can see under "Used" column the space used is 105 M and under "Avail" column the space left is only 420 GB so where is the remaining 22 GB? I have not copied any data on it. The two partitions are freshly formated partitions. I checked it through windows as well and the sizes are same. Please help.

Last edited by paragkalra; 05-14-2008 at 07:52 AM.
 
Old 05-14-2008, 08:21 AM   #2
bigrigdriver
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If you are using one of the journaled filesystems, such as ext3 or reiserfs, the system reserves about 5% for root purposes.

5% of 442 GB is a little over 22 GB.

You can adjust the size of the journal space using tune2fs -j for ext3 systems and reiserfstune for reiserfs systems.
 
Old 05-14-2008, 08:22 AM   #3
michaelk
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By default when a ext2/3 file system is created 5% is reserved for root. This is supposed to reduce fragmentation as well as allow root to login in case the file system becomes full. Use tune2fs to reduce the amount of reserved space.

Last edited by michaelk; 05-14-2008 at 08:29 AM.
 
Old 05-14-2008, 08:22 AM   #4
whansard
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I think it's space reserved for root.

from the mke2fs man page.

-m reserved-blocks-percentage
Specify the percentage of the filesystem blocks
reserved for the super-user. This value defaults
to 5%.
 
Old 05-14-2008, 09:29 AM   #5
paragkalra
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Thumbs up

Thanks all...the sizes are back in business :

Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/sdc2 17G 7.5G 8.1G 49% /
/dev/sdb3 442G 105M 442G 1% /mnt
/dev/sdb1 15G 70M 15G 1% /temp
 
  


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