short answer no
Long answer maybe
You would need a 'trusted' source of the cd (EG a music store)
you would also need a diff program
then simply compare them.
Of course, this has several major problems. IE : if either disk was scratched, or even 1 bit was read wrong it would appear different.
Other than that, you could listen to the cds - when you encode to MP3 you loose quality, and you can't gain it again by puting it on a CD, so if there's a noticable difference in quality, then that might indicate it, however, not all people (eg, me) can notice this quality loss. And you can't be sure if the quality loss is due to the recording, the soundcard or the speakers....