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macklenc 06-16-2012 01:46 AM

cron is making a mess of file names...
 
So, I am currently writing a backup script, that will run by cron every so often (I am using 1 minute intervals for testing). When I run my script, everything works fine, the backup files are created properly. However, when cron runs the backup script, the file names are sometimes chopped or have a '?' placed in the name depending on the name. The name format follows something like this:
User-Desktop-15Jun-hourly-23-diff.tar
but when cron runs this the result is:
-15Jun-hourly-23-diff.tar

Any advice would be appreciated. I tried searching for quite a while, but I guess I cant explain this problem to google...

xeleema 06-16-2012 03:01 AM

Greetingz!

Whatever defines "User-Desktop-" in your script is not being outputted properly when the script creates the archive.
Try creating a TARGET_FILE variable that combines whatever uses "User-Desktop-" and whatever creates the "-15Jun-hourly-23-diff.tar" part.

In order to provide a clearer example, I'll need to see your script.
Be sure to put [code] before your script in your next post, and [/code] at the end.

macklenc 06-16-2012 05:11 PM

Alright, here's the code, it isn't compact at all...
I have another script that generates this script, and the required files.
config/host contains only
Code:

Chris-Desktop
And here's the crontab entry:
Code:

*      *      *      *      *      bash ~/setup/backup-Chris-Desktop-06.15.2012.sh > ~/setup/backup.log
Thanks again
Code:


#!/bin/bash

set -x
SSH=0
DIRECTORIES="/home/chris"
BACKUPDIR="/home/macklenc/backup"
REMOTECOM=enterprise

REMOTEUSER=macklenc

monthly=1
monthlyInc=0

weekly=0
weeklyInc=0
weeklyDiff=1

daily=0
dailyInc=0
dailyDiff=1

hourly=0
hourlyInc=0
hourlyDiff=1

COMPUTER=$(cat config/host)


PATH=/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
DOW=`date +%a`              # Day of the week e.g. Mon
DOM=`date +%d`              # Date of the Month e.g. 27
DM=`date +%d%b`            # Date and Month e.g. 27Sep
DAT=$(date +%Y-%m-%d)
TIME=$(date +%H)

#monthly - keep all
#monthlyInc - Overwrite monthly
#monthlyDiff - Keep for specified duration

mkdir -p $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER

monthlyF() {
        month="$DM-full.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$month"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$month $DIRECTORIES
        fi
}

monthlyIncF() {
        monthi="monthly-full-inc.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$monthi"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$monthi $DIRECTORIES
        fi
}

weeklyF() {
        week="$DM-weekly.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='week ago' | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$week"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$week $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='week ago'
        fi

        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                echo "false" | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/weeklydiff.dat"
        else
                echo "false" | cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/weeklydiff.dat
        fi
}

weeklyIncF() {
        weeki="weekly-inc.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='week ago' | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$weeki"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$weeki $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='week ago'
        fi

        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                echo "false" | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/weeklydiff.dat"
        else
                echo "false" | cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/weeklydiff.dat
        fi
}

weeklyDiffF() {
        weekd="weekly-diff-$DM.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='week ago' | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$weekd"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$weekd $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='week ago'
        fi

        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                echo "true" | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/weeklydiff.dat"
        else
                echo "true" | cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/weeklydiff.dat
        fi
}

dailyF() {
        day="$DM-daily.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='day ago' | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$day"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$day $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='day ago'
        fi

        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                echo "false" | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/dailydiff.dat"
        else
                echo "false" | cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/dailydiff.dat
        fi
}

dailyIncF() {
        dayi="daily-inc.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='day ago' | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$dayi"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$dayi $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='day ago'
        fi

        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                echo "false" | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/dailydiff.dat"
        else
                echo "false" | cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/dailydiff.dat
        fi
}

dailyDiffF() {
        dayd="daily-diff-$DM.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='day ago' | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$dayd"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$dayd $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='day ago'
        fi

        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                echo "true" | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/dailydiff.dat"
        else
                echo "true" | cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/dailydiff.dat
        fi
}

hourlyF() {
        hour="$DM-hourly-$(date +%H).tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='hour ago' | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$hour"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$hour $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='hour ago'
        fi

        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                echo "false" | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/hourlydiff.dat"
        else
                echo "false" | cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/hourlydiff.dat
        fi
}

hourlyincF() {
        houri="hourly-$(date +%H)-inc.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='hour ago' | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$houri"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$houri $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='hour ago'
        fi

        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                echo "false" | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/hourlydiff.dat"
        else
                echo "false" | cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/hourlydiff.dat
        fi
}

hourlyDiffF() {
        hourd="$DM-hourly-$(date +%H)-diff.tar"
        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                tar -a -c -f - $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='hour ago' | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$hourd"
        else
                tar -a -c -f $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$hourd $DIRECTORIES --newer-mtime='hour ago'
        fi

        if [ $SSH -eq 0 ]
        then
                echo "true" | ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/hourlydiff.dat"
        else
                echo "true" | cat > $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER/hourlydiff.dat
        fi
}

if [[ $(date +%M) == "00" || $1 == "-h" ]]
then
        if [ $hourly -eq 1 ]; then
                hourlyF
        elif [ $hourlyInc -eq 1 ]; then
                hourlyIncF
        elif [ $hourlyDiff -eq 1 ]; then
                hourlyDiffF
        fi
fi

if [ $TIME == "00" ]
then
        {
                if [ $daily -eq 1 ]; then
                        dailyF
                elif [ $dailyInc -eq 1 ]; then
                        dailyIncF
                elif [ $dailyDiff -eq 1 ]; then
                        dailyDiffF
                fi

                if [ $DOW == "Sat" ]; then
                        {                       
                                if [ $weekly -eq 1 ]; then
                                        weeklyF
                                elif [ $weeklyInc -eq 1 ]; then
                                        weeklyIncF
                                elif [ $weeklyDiff -eq 1 ]; then
                                        weeklyDiffF
                                fi
                               
                                if [ $DOM == "01" ]; then
                                        if [ $monthly -eq 1 ]; then
                                                monthlyF
                                        elif [ $monthlyInc -eq 1 ]; then
                                                monthlyIncF
                                        fi
                                fi
                        }
                fi
        }
fi

if [ $SSH -eq 1 ]
then
        (cd $BACKUPDIR; bash filemanager.sh)
else
        ssh $REMOTEUSER@$REMOTECOM "cd $BACKUPDIR; bash filemanager.sh"
fi


chrism01 06-19-2012 02:10 AM

1. if you have
Code:

#!/bin/bash
at the top of each script (& you should) then there is no need to reference it again eg
Code:

# this
*      *      *      *      *      bash ~/setup/backup-Chris-Desktop-06.15.2012.sh > ~/setup/backup.log

# becomes
*      *      *      *      *      /setup/backup-Chris-Desktop-06.15.2012.sh > ~/setup/backup.log

and so on..

Also, use the full path to the 'host' file eg
Code:

COMPUTER=$(cat  /setup/config/host)
In fact, when running anything in cron, its usually a good idea to use absolute full paths, although you have set your own PATH I see.

For enhanced debugging, use
Code:

#this
set -xv

instead of just
set -x

I also recommend http://tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/testcon...ml#DBLBRACKETS

HTH


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