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I just created a backup of my homedirectory with KDar. KDar asked me on which medium the slices shall fit, so I selected 4.7GB DVD from the menu. The created slices where 4400MB. But when I try to burn them, I get an error from mkisofs:
growisofs -overburn -Z /dev/sr0 -R -J linux-home.20051117.1.dar
Executing 'mkisofs -R -J linux-home.20051117.1.dar | builtin_dd of=/dev/sr0 obs=32k seek=0'
INFO: UTF-8 character encoding detected by locale settings.
Assuming UTF-8 encoded filenames on source filesystem,
use -input-charset to override.
mkisofs: Value too large for defined data type. File linux-home.20051117.1.dar is too large
:-( write failed: Input/output error
So who is wrong here? KDar, mkisofs or me? Is there a way to get this backup on a single layer DVD? It took half a day to create those files, so I'd like to avoid doing it again.
Tried your suggestion to join the splits and split them again in smaller pieces. Unfortunately KDar does not recognize those files anymore, so I ran another backup with the split-setting on 4200 MB (instead of the default 4400 MB).
Still no luck! k3b refuses to burn these files.
/usr/bin/mkisofs: Value too large for defined data type. File /home/user/backup/linux-home.20051119.1.dar is too large
You could try manually creating a filesystem that supports larger file sizes...
Assuming a dvd-r can hold 4590208 1k blocks (see here)
create an empty image
dd if=/dev/zero of=test.iso count=4590000 bs=1k
associate the image with a loop device
losetup /dev/loop0 test.iso
create a filesystem on the device
mkfs -t ext2 -N 20 /dev/loop0
mount it ..
mount /dev/loop0 /mnt
Copy the files over, and unmount with
umount -d /dev/loop0
This should give you an image that will hold files as large as 4.3G. Unfortunately I dont know if this will actually be mountable and readable once the image is burnt to dvd-r, I dont have any spare (or re-writeable) media or suitably large files to test it with.
This works very well. I followed your instructions exactly and I could write the file to DVD and mount it later.
However, I have to file a big complaint about KDar: KDar refuses to open an archive if not all slices are present on the same medium. This means that for a recovery, I need to copy the whole archive to HDD before I can extract files. This is rather stupid! Together with the confusing DVD split function, this software costed me 4 days without getting a usable backup.
this seam to be a great hint, I also coult burn a DVD (I had the same problem as Abiso00.
But for me, I could not mount the device. What was the exact command, with which you mounted your DVD, abiso?
On the other side, maybe I have a hint for you:
As I tested, KDar does not need to have all slices of the archive, but only the first one and the last (which contains the catalog).
In my opinion, it should be possible to burn DVDs like this:
1. DVD: small first slice (let's say 100MB) and last slice (rest of DVD-space).
2. all other DVDs: slices in DVD-size - 100MB (ok, you loos 100MB, but this is ok for me.
Then, if I want to restore some files, I just put in the first DVD, open the archive, can access the catalog and select one or more files to restore. If the file(s) are not located on this DVD, KDar will ask me to provide the DVD with the correct number, I will put it in the drive and restore the file.
I made this test with some files on my HDD, because I was not able yet to burn them on DVD (burining yes, but not mounting).
Unfortunately I could not finish the tests on my HDD, because KDar do not let you enter a path for the missing archive-slice, but I hope, this will work for DVDs.
thank you, I solved the problem with mounting the dev.
Do not know, if it was the kernel update (don't think so), the machine reboot or still my awkwardly behaviour.
But I tried to burn the DVDs as mentioned yesterday (DVD1: 1 small slice and last slice), rest DVDs, 1 slice per DVD.
It works great, I just put in DVD 1, open the archive, see the catalog, click on "restore" for the file I want to, KDar asks me to provide the correct DVD, I change them and restore the file.
So next, I will setup an automatic diff backup.
With archive-isolate, I keep the catalog on the HDD, the rest is on DVDs. Then I do with cron a diff backup, which is copied to a DVD and I can access every backups, I want.
I hope, that the KDar guys will implement the function "restoring from an isolated catalog" as they promise on their website, this would make restore's even much more easier than today.
But in a few words, KDar is great (sufficent for private data backups), and, of course, linux is great.
An OT question BTW: any hint, how I can access this "special DVD" with a windows-system (I know, this is a linux forum!)