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rm_-rf_windows 06-28-2007 05:49 PM

Burning CD or DVD from command line: Can't find device!
 
I've been reading an excellent tutorial on burning CDs and DVDs from the command line. Here it is:

http://howto-pages.org/cdwriting.php

I've figured almost everything out - really an excellent tutorial for a beginner... - iso images, mounting and reading the files and directories in the iso file, etc.

I'm having trouble identifying the location or coordinates of my CD/DVD burner/player device:

Code:

[linux@localhost ~]$ cdrecord -scanbus
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
cdrecord: No such file or directory. Cannot open '/dev/pg*'. Cannot open SCSI driver.
cdrecord: For possible targets try 'cdrecord -scanbus'.
cdrecord: For possible transport specifiers try 'cdrecord dev=help'.
[linux@localhost ~]$ cdrecord dev=help -scanbus
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
Supported SCSI transports for this platform:

Transport name:        sg
Transport descr.:      Generic transport independent SCSI
Transp. layer ind.:
Target specifier:      bus,target,lun
Target example:        1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported

Transport name:        pg
Transport descr.:      SCSI transport for ATAPI over Parallel Port
Transp. layer ind.:
Target specifier:      bus,target,lun
Target example:        1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported

Transport name:        ATA
Transport descr.:      ATA Packet specific SCSI transport
Transp. layer ind.:    ATAPI:
Target specifier:      bus,target,lun
Target example:        ATAPI:1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported

Transport name:        ATA
Transport descr.:      ATA Packet specific SCSI transport using sg interface
Transp. layer ind.:    ATA:
Target specifier:      bus,target,lun
Target example:        1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported

Transport name:        RSCSI
Transport descr.:      Remote SCSI
Transp. layer ind.:    REMOTE:
Target specifier:      rscsi@host:bus,target,lun
Target example:        REMOTE:rscsi@host:1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported
[linux@localhost ~]$ cdrecord dev=help -scanbus
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
Supported SCSI transports for this platform:

Transport name:        sg
Transport descr.:      Generic transport independent SCSI
Transp. layer ind.:
Target specifier:      bus,target,lun
Target example:        1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported

Transport name:        pg
Transport descr.:      SCSI transport for ATAPI over Parallel Port
Transp. layer ind.:
Target specifier:      bus,target,lun
Target example:        1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported

Transport name:        ATA
Transport descr.:      ATA Packet specific SCSI transport
Transp. layer ind.:    ATAPI:
Target specifier:      bus,target,lun
Target example:        ATAPI:1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported

Transport name:        ATA
Transport descr.:      ATA Packet specific SCSI transport using sg interface
Transp. layer ind.:    ATA:
Target specifier:      bus,target,lun
Target example:        1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported

Transport name:        RSCSI
Transport descr.:      Remote SCSI
Transp. layer ind.:    REMOTE:
Target specifier:      rscsi@host:bus,target,lun
Target example:        REMOTE:rscsi@host:1,2,0
SCSI Bus scanning:      supported
Open via UNIX device:  not supported
[linux@localhost ~]$ cdrecord dev=ATA -scanbus
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
scsidev: 'ATA'
devname: 'ATA'
scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2
Warning: Using badly designed ATAPI via /dev/hd* interface.
Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
Using libscg version 'schily-0.8'.
scsibus1:
        1,0,0  100) 'ATAPI  ' 'DVD RW 8XMax    ' '160D' Removable CD-ROM
        1,1,0  101) *
        1,2,0  102) *
        1,3,0  103) *
        1,4,0  104) *
        1,5,0  105) *
        1,6,0  106) *
        1,7,0  107) *
[linux@localhost ~]$

When I try to simulate a burn using dev=1,0,0, and some other possibilities (ridiculous choices, but I was getting a bit frustrated!), I get the following:
Code:

[root@localhost kernel]# cdrecord dev=1,0,0 speed=2 fs=32m -v -eject -dummy /home/linux/isofiles/SVG070629-LNX.iso
cdrecord: No write mode specified.
cdrecord: Asuming -tao mode.
cdrecord: Future versions of cdrecord may have different drive dependent defaults.
cdrecord: Continuing in 5 seconds...
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsidev: '1,0,0'
scsibus: 1 target: 0 lun: 0
cdrecord: No such file or directory. Cannot open '/dev/sg*'. Cannot open SCSI driver.
cdrecord: For possible targets try 'cdrecord -scanbus'.
cdrecord: For possible transport specifiers try 'cdrecord dev=help'.
[root@localhost kernel]# cdrecord dev=1,2,0 speed=2 fs=32m -v -eject -dummy /home/linux/isofiles/SVG070629-LNX.iso
cdrecord: No write mode specified.
cdrecord: Asuming -tao mode.
cdrecord: Future versions of cdrecord may have different drive dependent defaults.
cdrecord: Continuing in 5 seconds...
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsidev: '1,2,0'
scsibus: 1 target: 2 lun: 0
cdrecord: No such file or directory. Cannot open '/dev/sg*'. Cannot open SCSI driver.
cdrecord: For possible targets try 'cdrecord -scanbus'.
cdrecord: For possible transport specifiers try 'cdrecord dev=help'.
[root@localhost kernel]# cdrecord dev=ATA speed=2 fs=32m -v -eject -dummy /home/linux/isofiles/SVG070629-LNX.iso
cdrecord: No write mode specified.
cdrecord: Asuming -tao mode.
cdrecord: Future versions of cdrecord may have different drive dependent defaults.
cdrecord: Continuing in 5 seconds...
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsidev: 'ATA'
devname: 'ATA'
scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2
Warning: Using badly designed ATAPI via /dev/hd* interface.
Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
Using libscg version 'schily-0.8'.
SCSI buffer size: 32768
atapi: -1
cdrecord: Cannot do inquiry for CD/DVD-Recorder.
cdrecord: Input/output error. test unit ready: scsi sendcmd: fatal error
CDB:  00 C0 00 00 00 00
cmd finished after 0.000s timeout 40s
[root@localhost kernel]# cdrecord dev=ATAPI speed=2 fs=32m -v -eject -dummy /home/linux/isofiles/SVG070629-LNX.iso
cdrecord: No write mode specified.
cdrecord: Asuming -tao mode.
cdrecord: Future versions of cdrecord may have different drive dependent defaults.
cdrecord: Continuing in 5 seconds...
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsidev: 'ATAPI'
devname: 'ATAPI'
scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2
Warning: Using ATA Packet interface.
Warning: The related Linux kernel interface code seems to be unmaintained.
Warning: There is absolutely NO DMA, operations thus are slow.
cdrecord: No such file or directory. Cannot open SCSI driver.
cdrecord: For possible targets try 'cdrecord -scanbus'.
cdrecord: For possible transport specifiers try 'cdrecord dev=help'.
[root@localhost kernel]#

Any idea what I need to do to get this simulation working?

And, what's the difference between TAO and DAO? How do I specify which one I want? What's the best choice here? Any other suggestions?

dive 06-28-2007 06:04 PM

Have you tried dev=ATAPI:1,0,0 or even dev=/dev/hdc if hdc is your cd burner?

rm_-rf_windows 06-28-2007 06:29 PM

dive,

We're getting there! I did a variant on your suggestion:
Quote:

[root@localhost kernel]# cdrecord dev=ATA:1,0,0 speed=2 fs=32m -v -eject -dummy /home/linux/isofiles/SVG070629-LNX.iso
cdrecord: No write mode specified.
cdrecord: Asuming -tao mode.
cdrecord: Future versions of cdrecord may have different drive dependent defaults.
cdrecord: Continuing in 5 seconds...
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsidev: 'ATA:1,0,0'
devname: 'ATA'
scsibus: 1 target: 0 lun: 0
Warning: Using badly designed ATAPI via /dev/hd* interface.
Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
Using libscg version 'schily-0.8'.
SCSI buffer size: 64512
atapi: -1
Device type : Removable CD-ROM
Version : 0
Response Format: 1
Vendor_info : 'ATAPI '
Identifikation : 'DVD RW 8XMax '
Revision : '160D'
Device seems to be: Generic mmc2 DVD-R/DVD-RW.
Current: DVD-R sequential recording
Profile: DVD+R
Profile: DVD+RW
Profile: DVD-RW sequential overwrite
Profile: DVD-RW restricted overwrite
Profile: DVD-R sequential recording (current)
Profile: DVD-ROM
Profile: CD-RW
Profile: CD-R
Profile: CD-ROM
Profile: 0x0082
Profile: 0x0081
Profile: 0x0080
resid: 64
Using generic SCSI-3/mmc-2 DVD-R/DVD-RW driver (mmc_dvd).
Driver flags : DVD MMC-3 SWABAUDIO BURNFREE
Supported modes: PACKET SAO
Drive buf size : 1409024 = 1376 KB
Drive pbuf size: 1966080 = 1920 KB
FIFO size : 33554432 = 32768 KB
cdrecord: Drive does not support TAO recording.
cdrecord: Illegal write mode for this drive.
[root@localhost kernel]# cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc speed=2 fs=32m -v -eject -dummy /home/linux/isofiles/SVG070629-LNX.iso
cdrecord: No write mode specified.
cdrecord: Asuming -tao mode.
cdrecord: Future versions of cdrecord may have different drive dependent defaults.
cdrecord: Continuing in 5 seconds...
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsidev: '/dev/hdc'
devname: '/dev/hdc'
scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2
Warning: Open by 'devname' is unintentional and not supported.
Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
Using libscg version 'schily-0.8'.
SCSI buffer size: 64512
atapi: 1
Device type : Removable CD-ROM
Version : 0
Response Format: 1
Vendor_info : 'ATAPI '
Identifikation : 'DVD RW 8XMax '
Revision : '160D'
Device seems to be: Generic mmc2 DVD-R/DVD-RW.
Current: DVD-R sequential recording
Profile: DVD+R
Profile: DVD+RW
Profile: DVD-RW sequential overwrite
Profile: DVD-RW restricted overwrite
Profile: DVD-R sequential recording (current)
Profile: DVD-ROM
Profile: CD-RW
Profile: CD-R
Profile: CD-ROM
Profile: 0x0082
Profile: 0x0081
Profile: 0x0080
resid: 64
Using generic SCSI-3/mmc-2 DVD-R/DVD-RW driver (mmc_dvd).
Driver flags : DVD MMC-3 SWABAUDIO BURNFREE
Supported modes: PACKET SAO
Drive buf size : 1409024 = 1376 KB
Drive pbuf size: 1966080 = 1920 KB
FIFO size : 33554432 = 32768 KB
cdrecord: Drive does not support TAO recording.
cdrecord: Illegal write mode for this drive.
[root@localhost kernel]#
How do I change from TAO to another mode? Is DAO what I want? Or something else?

Thanks for the very swift reply!

dive 06-28-2007 07:04 PM

Try DAO or SAO. Depends on what you are burning too. For an ISO use DAO. Or even try CDRDAO program - it's made just for burning images.

rm_-rf_windows 06-28-2007 07:34 PM

Eureka! It worked!!
Code:

[root@localhost kernel]# cdrecord -dao dev=/dev/hdc speed=2 fs=32m -v -eject /home/linux/isofiles/SVG070629-LNX.iso
Cdrecord-ProDVD-Clone 2.01.01a11 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2006 J�rg Schilling
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsidev: '/dev/hdc'
devname: '/dev/hdc'
scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2
Warning: Open by 'devname' is unintentional and not supported.
Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
Using libscg version 'schily-0.8'.
SCSI buffer size: 64512
atapi: 1
Device type    : Removable CD-ROM
Version        : 0
Response Format: 1
Vendor_info    : 'ATAPI  '
Identifikation : 'DVD RW 8XMax    '
Revision      : '160D'
Device seems to be: Generic mmc2 DVD-R/DVD-RW.
Current: DVD-R sequential recording
Profile: DVD+R
Profile: DVD+RW
Profile: DVD-RW sequential overwrite
Profile: DVD-RW restricted overwrite
Profile: DVD-R sequential recording (current)
Profile: DVD-ROM
Profile: CD-RW
Profile: CD-R
Profile: CD-ROM
Profile: 0x0082
Profile: 0x0081
Profile: 0x0080
resid: 64
Using generic SCSI-3/mmc-2 DVD-R/DVD-RW driver (mmc_dvd).
Driver flags  : DVD MMC-3 SWABAUDIO BURNFREE
Supported modes: PACKET SAO
Drive buf size : 1409024 = 1376 KB
Drive pbuf size: 1966080 = 1920 KB
FIFO size      : 33554432 = 32768 KB
Track 01: data  2747 MB
Total size:    2747 MB = 1406588 sectors
Current Secsize: 2048
WARNING: Phys disk size 2298496 differs from rzone size 2297888! Prerecorded disk?
WARNING: Phys start: 196608 Phys end 2495103

Blocks total: 2297888 Blocks current: 2297888 Blocks remaining: 891300
resid: 64
Starting to write CD/DVD at speed 2 in real SAO mode for single session.
Last chance to quit, starting real write    0 seconds. Operation starts.
Waiting for reader process to fill input buffer ... input buffer ready.
BURN-Free is OFF.
Starting new track at sector: 0
Track 01: 2747 of 2747 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf  86%]  2.1x.
Track 01: Total bytes read/written: 2880692224/2880692224 (1406588 sectors).
Writing  time: 1079.521s
Average write speed  1.9x.
Min drive buffer fill was 86%
Fixating...
Fixating time:  59.030s
cdrecord: fifo had 45374 puts and 45374 gets.
cdrecord: fifo was 0 times empty and 41860 times full, min fill was 96%.
[root@localhost kernel]#

Cool! It all works! What do you make of the three warning messages?

Thanks man!

dive 06-28-2007 07:53 PM

The first error pops up because of the way that the device is addressed - i.e. /dev/xxx - it's unsupported but works. Did you try dev=ATAPI:1,0,0 (since the scan command reported atapi device)?

The other errors are disk/media errors. Could be bad media.

rm_-rf_windows 06-28-2007 10:34 PM

The above is from my Mandriva box. I just tried it on Debian, and it's slightly different. "-J" didn't work, I had to use "-joliet-long" instead. I tried using "dev=ATAPI:0,0,0" and it said to use OLDATAPI, so I used "dev=OLDATAPI:0,0,0" and it worked... Well, it's burning right now so I haven't actually tested the DVD yet. The numbers or reference or location or what-have-you... in Mandriva was 1,0,0 and in Debian 0,0,0... unless I'm mistaken... It's actually the same computer, I have 3 Linux OSs and Windows on it... Is this normal? I mean, that it be 1,0,0 on Mandriva and 0,0,0 on Debian?

rm_-rf_windows 06-28-2007 10:50 PM

No, something went wrong this time round (on Debian). The DVD is readable on my Debian OS, but not on my FC6 laptop! I've had this problem before. Here's what I did:
Code:

debian:/home/linux/Desktop# cdrecord -dao dev=OLDATAPI:0,0,0 speed=2 fs=32m -v -eject /home/linux/Desktop/SVG070629DOCS-X.iso
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsidev: 'ATAPI:0,0,0'
devname: 'ATAPI'
scsibus: 0 target: 0 lun: 0
Warning: Using ATA Packet interface.
Warning: The related Linux kernel interface code seems to be unmaintained.
Warning: There is absolutely NO DMA, operations thus are slow.

Wodim version: 1.1.2
SCSI buffer size: 64512
atapi: 1
Device type    : Removable CD-ROM
Version        : 0
Response Format: 1
Vendor_info    : 'ATAPI  '
Identification : 'DVD RW 8XMax    '
Revision      : '160D'
Device seems to be: Generic mmc2 DVD-R/DVD-RW.
Current: 0x0011 (DVD-R sequential recording)
Profile: 0x001B (DVD+R)
Profile: 0x001A (DVD+RW)
Profile: 0x0014 (DVD-RW sequential recording)
Profile: 0x0013 (DVD-RW restricted overwrite)
Profile: 0x0011 (DVD-R sequential recording) (current)
Profile: 0x0010 (DVD-ROM)
Profile: 0x000A (CD-RW)
Profile: 0x0009 (CD-R)
Profile: 0x0008 (CD-ROM)
Profile: 0x0082 ()
Profile: 0x0081 ()
Profile: 0x0080 ()
Using generic SCSI-3/mmc DVD-R(W) driver (mmc_mdvd).
Driver flags  : SWABAUDIO BURNFREE
Supported modes: PACKET SAO
Drive buf size : 1409024 = 1376 KB
Beginning DMA speed test. Set CDR_NODMATEST environment variable if device
communication breaks or freezes immediately after that.
Drive DMA Speed: 25908 kB/s 147x CD 18x DVD
FIFO size      : 33554432 = 32768 KB
Track 01: data  1686 MB
Total size:    1936 MB (191:50.00) = 863250 sectors
Lout start:    1936 MB (191:52/00) = 863250 sectors
Current Secsize: 2048
  ATIP start of lead in:  -150 (00:00/00)
Disk type:    unknown dye (reserved id code)
Manuf. index: -1
Manufacturer: unknown (not in table)
Blocks total: 2298496 Blocks current: 2298496 Blocks remaining: 1435246
Starting to write CD/DVD at speed  2.0 in real SAO mode for single session.
Last chance to quit, starting real write    0 seconds. Operation starts.
Waiting for reader process to fill input buffer ... input buffer ready.
Performing OPC...
Sending CUE sheet...
Starting new track at sector: 0
Track 01: 1686 of 1686 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf  86%]  2.0x.
Track 01: Total bytes read/written: 1767936000/1767936000 (863250 sectors).
Writing  time:  689.299s
Average write speed  1.9x.
Min drive buffer fill was 86%
Fixating...
Fixating time:  49.039s
debian:/home/linux/Desktop#

Not quite sure why that may be! Could the warning messages provide us with a clue?
I'd like to understand why I'm having this problem, it would certainly satisfy my curiosity because I had the same problem when using K3b several weeks ago and I spent hours on it!

Many thanks.

rm_-rf_windows 06-28-2007 11:22 PM

Well, I've got things working now, however, I don't know what it was that I did that made it work, or perhaps it's just a hit and miss or a matter of luck. There's a little padlock on the iso file, I don't know why (on the desktop). I changed the permissions to 755 and ownership (user and group) to normal user. The little padlock was still on the icon afterwards...

I also modified the command and got no warning messages this time round:
Code:

debian:/home/linux/Desktop# cdrecord -dao dev=/dev/hdc speed=2 fs=64m -v -eject /home/linux/Desktop/SVG070629DOCS-X.iso
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsidev: '/dev/hdc'
devname: '/dev/hdc'
scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2
Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
Wodim version: 1.1.2
SCSI buffer size: 64512
atapi: 1
Device type    : Removable CD-ROM
Version        : 0
Response Format: 1
Vendor_info    : 'ATAPI  '
Identification : 'DVD RW 8XMax    '
Revision      : '160D'
Device seems to be: Generic mmc2 DVD-R/DVD-RW.
Current: 0x0011 (DVD-R sequential recording)
Profile: 0x001B (DVD+R)
Profile: 0x001A (DVD+RW)
Profile: 0x0014 (DVD-RW sequential recording)
Profile: 0x0013 (DVD-RW restricted overwrite)
Profile: 0x0011 (DVD-R sequential recording) (current)
Profile: 0x0010 (DVD-ROM)
Profile: 0x000A (CD-RW)
Profile: 0x0009 (CD-R)
Profile: 0x0008 (CD-ROM)
Profile: 0x0082 ()
Profile: 0x0081 ()
Profile: 0x0080 ()
Using generic SCSI-3/mmc DVD-R(W) driver (mmc_mdvd).
Driver flags  : SWABAUDIO BURNFREE
Supported modes: PACKET SAO
Drive buf size : 1409024 = 1376 KB
Beginning DMA speed test. Set CDR_NODMATEST environment variable if device
communication breaks or freezes immediately after that.
Drive DMA Speed: 25701 kB/s 146x CD 18x DVD
FIFO size      : 67108864 = 65536 KB
Track 01: data  1686 MB
Total size:    1936 MB (191:50.00) = 863250 sectors
Lout start:    1936 MB (191:52/00) = 863250 sectors
Current Secsize: 2048
  ATIP start of lead in:  -150 (00:00/00)
Disk type:    unknown dye (reserved id code)
Manuf. index: -1
Manufacturer: unknown (not in table)
Blocks total: 2298496 Blocks current: 2298496 Blocks remaining: 1435246
Starting to write CD/DVD at speed  2.0 in real SAO mode for single session.
Last chance to quit, starting real write    0 seconds. Operation starts.
Waiting for reader process to fill input buffer ... input buffer ready.
Performing OPC...
Sending CUE sheet...
Starting new track at sector: 0
Track 01: 1686 of 1686 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf  86%]  2.0x.
Track 01: Total bytes read/written: 1767936000/1767936000 (863250 sectors).
Writing  time:  684.887s
Average write speed  1.9x.
Min drive buffer fill was 86%
Fixating...
Fixating time:  49.018s
debian:/home/linux/Desktop#

When I have time, I'll have a look on the Mandriva iso to see if it also had that little padlock thing on its icon. What does that padlock mean, anyway?

To be continued...

dive 06-29-2007 02:05 AM

The padlock is a sign of permissions.

dwhitney67 10-30-2007 06:13 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by rm_-rf_windows (Post 2804170)
Well, I've got things working now, however, I don't know what it was that I did that made it work, or perhaps it's just a hit and miss or a matter of luck. There's a little padlock on the iso file, I don't know why (on the desktop). I changed the permissions to 755 and ownership (user and group) to normal user. The little padlock was still on the icon afterwards...

I also modified the command and got no warning messages this time round:
[code]debian:/home/linux/Desktop# cdrecord -dao dev=/dev/hdc speed=2 fs=64m -v -eject /home/linux/Desktop/SVG070629DOCS-X.iso
...

Thank you for the solution! I've been playing around with my kernel configuration for days trying to get my CD-R to work. Obviously I was looking in the wrong place. I tried the command you have above (substituting hdc with hdb), and it worked like a charm. I would imagine that using /dev/cdrom would also work. Anyhow, once again, thanks.


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