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Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
- development version of LFS
- Debian testing (with only a few packages from unstable)
bash, version 4.0.28(1)-release
/bin/sh -> /bin/dash
Binutils: (GNU Binutils for Debian) 2.20
./version-check.sh: line 9: bison: command not found
yacc not found
bzip2, Version 1.0.5, 10-Dec-2007.
diff (GNU diffutils) 2.8.1
find (GNU findutils) 4.4.2
GNU Awk 3.1.6
/usr/bin/awk -> /usr/bin/gawk
gcc (Debian 4.3.4-6) 4.3.4
GNU C Library (EGLIBC) stable release version
GNU grep 2.5.4
Linux version 2.6.31-dbb-deb (2.6.31) (root@ganymed) (gcc version 4.3.4 (Debian 4.3.4-5) ) #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Oct 27 02:39:01 EDT 2009
m4 (GNU M4) 1.4.13
GNU Make 3.81
GNU sed version 4.2.1
tar (GNU tar) 1.22
makeinfo (GNU texinfo) 4.13
I didn't intentionally deviate from the book, but it's possible that I messed up somewhere.
I thought I set up the build directories correctly:
lfs@ganymed:~$ cd $LFS
binutils-build gcc-build sources tools
lfs@ganymed:/mnt/lfs$ ls binutils-build/
lfs@ganymed:/mnt/lfs$ ls gcc-build/
Before issuing the build instructions for a package, the package should be unpacked as user lfs, and a cd into the created directory should be performed. The build instructions assume that the bash shell is in use.
This means that
mkdir -v ../gcc-build
commands as well as previous ones on the page should be done in the gcc-4.4.2 directory.
You have to start building from scratch.