Hi, Justin... welcome to LQ!
Boot up in SAFE mode and post the output of the following command here, please...
Open a Terminal (it's in the Main Menu) and type:
Post that here, please. This will give us your physical disks information.
While still in the Terminal, type:
$ gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst
This will open the gedit editor application with your menu.lst file showing. This is the file that determines what GRUB (the boot loader) is doing. COPY/PASTE that entire file here, please.