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Hi, I hope I have the correct forum for this question.
My question is about zone files in Bind9, or any DNS program I guess... with regard to the zone file syntax. Is it possible to have a zone file for a particular domain that does not contain any A records?
Here's an example:
example.com. IN SOA ns1.nameservers.com. postmaster.example.com. (
2008061000 ; Serial
259200 ; Refresh 3 days
3600 ; Retry 1 hour
1209600 ; Expire 2 weeks
1800 ) ; Negative Cache TTL 30 minutes
; Name Servers
IN NS ns1.nameservers.com.
IN NS ns2.nameservers.com.
www IN CNAME www.someotherdomain.com.
; End of File
I assume in the above situation, a query to www.example.com would resolve to the same IP address as given to www.someotherdomain.com. Is this valid syntax for the domain zone file for example.com? It does not define any A records for the domain, and only lists one available domain (www.example.com) which is an alias to a totally different domain name. I'm wondering if this is allowed or if there are other "best practices" recommended.
If you are setting up a zone example.com, then the name servers you list for the example.com would be on the system running the DNS server. Otherwise, you'd be setting up a zone, but indicating that some other DNS server is authoritative for the very zone you are configuring.
Your SOA record says that this DNS server is authoritative for example.com. Therefore, you need a name server in the example.com zone to handle authoritative queries. Thus, you will have at least one NS record, and it will require one A record.
There is another zone file on the same machine for nameservers.com, which has the host ns1.nameservers.com pointing to it's IP. Both the example.com and nameservers.com zone files would be on the same primary DNS server.