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Old 01-14-2005, 07:06 AM   #1
LQ Newbie
Registered: Dec 2004
Location: Greeley, CO, USA
Distribution: DebianEdu/Skolelinux 2.0r0 i386
Posts: 9

Rep: Reputation: 0
Apache2: apachectl command not found

I am running Debian Linux 3.1, Apache 2.0.52, and Webmin 1.170

When attempting to start/restart/stop my Apache webserver as root using apachectl or httpd (eg. apachectl start or httpd start) I get:

sh: line 1: apachectl: command not found


sh: line 1: httpd: command not found

I receive these errors even if I am in /usr/local/apache2/bin and can see these files in an ls.

If, however, I use ./apachectl start or ./httpd start, the scripts run successfully.

As root, I've attempted to add /usr/local/apache2/bin to my $PATH using:

export PATH=$PATH: /usr/local/apache2/bin

but receive this error:

sh: line 1: export: `/usr/local/apache2/bin': not a valid identifier

Any help will be appreciated!

Included below is my httpd.conf with most of the remarks removed for brevity:

### Section 1: Global Environment

ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache2"

<IfModule !mpm_winnt.c>
<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>


<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
<IfModule !perchild.c>


<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
PidFile logs/

Timeout 300

KeepAlive On

MaxKeepAliveRequests 100

KeepAliveTimeout 15

<IfModule prefork.c>
StartServers 5
MinSpareServers 5
MaxSpareServers 10
MaxClients 150
MaxRequestsPerChild 0

<IfModule worker.c>
StartServers 2
MaxClients 150
MinSpareThreads 25
MaxSpareThreads 75
ThreadsPerChild 25
MaxRequestsPerChild 0

<IfModule perchild.c>
NumServers 5
StartThreads 5
MinSpareThreads 5
MaxSpareThreads 10
MaxThreadsPerChild 20
MaxRequestsPerChild 0

<IfModule mpm_winnt.c>
ThreadsPerChild 250
MaxRequestsPerChild 0

<IfModule beos.c>
StartThreads 10
MaxClients 50
MaxRequestsPerThread 10000

<IfModule mpm_netware.c>
ThreadStackSize 65536
StartThreads 250
MinSpareThreads 25
MaxSpareThreads 250
MaxThreads 1000
MaxRequestsPerChild 0
MaxMemFree 100

<IfModule mpmt_os2.c>
StartServers 2
MinSpareThreads 5
MaxSpareThreads 10
MaxRequestsPerChild 0

Listen 80

### Section 2: 'Main' server configuration

<IfModule !mpm_winnt.c>
<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>

User nobody
Group #-1



UseCanonicalName Off

DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs"

<Directory />
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None

<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs">

Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

AllowOverride None

Order allow,deny
Allow from all


UserDir public_html

DirectoryIndex index.html index.html.var

AccessFileName .htaccess

<Files ~ "^\.ht">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all

TypesConfig conf/mime.types

DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mod_mime_magic.c>
MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

HostnameLookups Off

ErrorLog logs/error_log

LogLevel warn

LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

CustomLog logs/access_log common

ServerTokens Full

ServerSignature On

Alias /icons/ "/usr/local/apache2/icons/"

<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/icons">
Options Indexes MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

AliasMatch ^/manual(?:/(?:de|en|es|fr|ja|ko|ru))?(/.*)?$ "/usr/local/apache2/manual$1"

<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/manual">
Options Indexes
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

<Files *.html>
SetHandler type-map

SetEnvIf Request_URI ^/manual/(de|en|es|fr|ja|ko|ru)/ prefer-language=$1
RedirectMatch 301 ^/manual(?:/(de|en|es|fr|ja|ko|ru)){2,}(/.*)?$ /manual/$1$2

ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin/"

<IfModule mod_cgid.c>



<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin">
AllowOverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

IndexOptions FancyIndexing VersionSort

AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip

AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/*
AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/*
AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/*
AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*

AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe
AddIcon /icons/binhex.gif .hqx
AddIcon /icons/tar.gif .tar
AddIcon /icons/world2.gif .wrl .wrl.gz .vrml .vrm .iv
AddIcon /icons/compressed.gif .Z .z .tgz .gz .zip
AddIcon /icons/a.gif .ps .ai .eps
AddIcon /icons/layout.gif .html .shtml .htm .pdf
AddIcon /icons/text.gif .txt
AddIcon /icons/c.gif .c
AddIcon /icons/p.gif .pl .py
AddIcon /icons/f.gif .for
AddIcon /icons/dvi.gif .dvi
AddIcon /icons/uuencoded.gif .uu
AddIcon /icons/script.gif .conf .sh .shar .csh .ksh .tcl
AddIcon /icons/tex.gif .tex
AddIcon /icons/bomb.gif core

AddIcon /icons/back.gif ..
AddIcon /icons/hand.right.gif README
AddIcon /icons/folder.gif ^^DIRECTORY^^
AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^

DefaultIcon /icons/unknown.gif

ReadmeName README.html
HeaderName HEADER.html

IndexIgnore .??* *~ *# HEADER* README* RCS CVS *,v *,t

AddLanguage ca .ca
AddLanguage cs .cz .cs
AddLanguage da .dk
AddLanguage de .de
AddLanguage el .el
AddLanguage en .en
AddLanguage eo .eo
AddLanguage es .es
AddLanguage et .et
AddLanguage fr .fr
AddLanguage he .he
AddLanguage hr .hr
AddLanguage it .it
AddLanguage ja .ja
AddLanguage ko .ko
AddLanguage ltz .ltz
AddLanguage nl .nl
AddLanguage nn .nn
AddLanguage no .no
AddLanguage pl .po
AddLanguage pt .pt
AddLanguage pt-BR .pt-br
AddLanguage ru .ru
AddLanguage sv .sv
AddLanguage zh-CN .zh-cn
AddLanguage zh-TW .zh-tw

LanguagePriority en ca cs da de el eo es et fr he hr it ja ko ltz nl nn no pl pt pt-BR ru sv zh-CN zh-TW

Prefer Fallback

AddDefaultCharset ISO-8859-1

AddCharset ISO-8859-1 .iso8859-1 .latin1
AddCharset ISO-8859-2 .iso8859-2 .latin2 .cen
AddCharset ISO-8859-3 .iso8859-3 .latin3
AddCharset ISO-8859-4 .iso8859-4 .latin4
AddCharset ISO-8859-5 .iso8859-5 .latin5 .cyr .iso-ru
AddCharset ISO-8859-6 .iso8859-6 .latin6 .arb
AddCharset ISO-8859-7 .iso8859-7 .latin7 .grk
AddCharset ISO-8859-8 .iso8859-8 .latin8 .heb
AddCharset ISO-8859-9 .iso8859-9 .latin9 .trk
AddCharset ISO-2022-JP .iso2022-jp .jis
AddCharset ISO-2022-KR .iso2022-kr .kis
AddCharset ISO-2022-CN .iso2022-cn .cis
AddCharset Big5 .Big5 .big5

AddCharset WINDOWS-1251 .cp-1251 .win-1251
AddCharset CP866 .cp866
AddCharset KOI8-r .koi8-r .koi8-ru
AddCharset KOI8-ru .koi8-uk .ua
AddCharset ISO-10646-UCS-2 .ucs2
AddCharset ISO-10646-UCS-4 .ucs4
AddCharset UTF-8 .utf8

AddCharset GB2312 .gb2312 .gb
AddCharset utf-7 .utf7
AddCharset utf-8 .utf8
AddCharset big5 .big5 .b5
AddCharset EUC-TW .euc-tw
AddCharset EUC-JP .euc-jp
AddCharset EUC-KR .euc-kr
AddCharset shift_jis .sjis

AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

BrowserMatch "Mozilla/2" nokeepalive
BrowserMatch "MSIE 4\.0b2;" nokeepalive downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "RealPlayer 4\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "Java/1\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "JDK/1\.0" force-response-1.0

BrowserMatch "^WebDrive" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^WebDAVFS/1.[012]" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^gnome-vfs" redirect-carefully

<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
Include conf/ssl.conf
Old 01-14-2005, 08:00 AM   #2
Mega Man X
LQ Guru
Registered: Apr 2003
Location: ~
Distribution: Ubuntu, FreeBSD, Solaris, DSL
Posts: 5,339

Rep: Reputation: 64
Try to create a link to your bin:

ln -s /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl /usr/bin/apachectl
Old 01-14-2005, 08:01 AM   #3
LQ Veteran
Registered: Sep 2003
Posts: 10,532
Blog Entries: 7

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Re: Apache2: apachectl command not found



export PATH=$PATH: /usr/local/apache2/bin

should be:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/apache2/bin

I.e.: no space between $PATH: and /usr/loc......

Hope this helps.
Old 01-14-2005, 12:23 PM   #4
LQ Newbie
Registered: Dec 2004
Location: Greeley, CO, USA
Distribution: DebianEdu/Skolelinux 2.0r0 i386
Posts: 9

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 0
Thank you both, things are working as advertised now!

Being the newbie I am, though, I executed both commands before trying apachectl start, so I not sure which one did the trick (perhaps they were both needed).

But, as they say, all's well that ends well!



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