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Old 01-27-2009, 10:57 PM   #1
mashiox
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Virtualhost UserDir


I've been debugging this problem for a few days, I know its a commonly asked and answered question, and I've found many solutions on linuxquestions.org, linuxforums.org, and various tutorials found from Google, however, the solutions posted didn't seem to work correctly for me.

I'm using Bluewhite linux, a distro based off Slackware.
I'm trying to have certain users on the server allowed to host web pages using Apache with mod_userdir.c
I have the configurations set in httpd.conf however when I restart the Apache server I get the 403 Forbidden Error.

Heres the set configurations:


<IfModule mod_userdir.c>
UserDir /home/*/public_html
UserDir disabled
UserDir enabled user1
<IfModule>
<Directory /home/*/public_html>
AllowOverride All
</Directory>
 
Old 01-27-2009, 11:34 PM   #2
auximini
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Hi,

It sounds like a possible permissions issue.

What are the permissions on /home/user1:

Code:
ls -ld /home/user1
If the "other" portion is --- (meaning it looks something like drwxr-x---), then try changing it to at least a --x:

Code:
chmod 711 /home/user1
That will change it to drwx--x--x.

Apache needs to be able to access that home directory to see the public_html folder. Having --x is the least amount of permissions it needs.

Hope that helps.
 
Old 01-28-2009, 01:23 AM   #3
mashiox
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That was something I had forgot to mention : P

Both /home/user1 and /home/user1/public_html are set to 755. Shouldn't be any problem there.
 
Old 01-28-2009, 10:12 AM   #4
auximini
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Does the error log give any hints to what could be wrong?
 
Old 01-29-2009, 01:07 AM   #5
mashiox
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Code:
[Wed Jan 28 22:34:40 2009] [error] [client --.--.--.--] client denied by server configuration: /home/user1/public_html
So it's my configuration.
 
Old 01-29-2009, 02:52 PM   #6
auximini
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Looks like it.

Maybe try enabling UserDir for everyone by changing disabled to enabled:

Code:
UserDir enabled
Or try specifying a full path in your Directory block:

Code:
<Directory /home/user1/public_html>
AllowOverride All
</Directory>
If that doesn't work and you still need help, can you post your full config file?
 
Old 01-30-2009, 12:29 AM   #7
mashiox
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Here we are,
by the way, I'm really appreciating the help. : )

Code:
#
# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2> for detailed information.
# In particular, see 
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "/var/log/httpd/foo_log"
# with ServerRoot set to "/usr" will be interpreted by the
# server as "/usr//var/log/httpd/foo_log".

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFile directive
# at a local disk.  If you wish to share the same ServerRoot for multiple
# httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile and PidFile.
#
ServerRoot "/usr"

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 81

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
LoadModule authn_file_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_file.so
LoadModule authn_dbm_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
LoadModule authn_anon_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_anon.so
LoadModule authn_dbd_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_dbd.so
LoadModule authn_default_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_default.so
LoadModule authn_alias_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authn_alias.so
LoadModule authz_host_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_host.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_user_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_user.so
LoadModule authz_dbm_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
LoadModule authz_owner_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_owner.so
LoadModule authnz_ldap_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so
LoadModule authz_default_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_default.so
LoadModule auth_basic_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_auth_basic.so
LoadModule auth_digest_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_auth_digest.so
LoadModule file_cache_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_file_cache.so
LoadModule cache_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_cache.so
LoadModule disk_cache_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_disk_cache.so
LoadModule mem_cache_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_mem_cache.so
LoadModule dbd_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_dbd.so
LoadModule dumpio_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_dumpio.so
LoadModule ext_filter_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_ext_filter.so
LoadModule include_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_include.so
LoadModule filter_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_filter.so
LoadModule substitute_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_substitute.so
LoadModule deflate_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_deflate.so
LoadModule ldap_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_ldap.so
LoadModule log_config_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_log_config.so
LoadModule log_forensic_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_log_forensic.so
LoadModule logio_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_logio.so
LoadModule env_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_env.so
LoadModule mime_magic_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_mime_magic.so
LoadModule cern_meta_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_cern_meta.so
LoadModule expires_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_expires.so
LoadModule headers_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_headers.so
LoadModule ident_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_ident.so
LoadModule usertrack_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_usertrack.so
LoadModule unique_id_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule setenvif_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_setenvif.so
LoadModule version_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_version.so
LoadModule proxy_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy.so
LoadModule proxy_connect_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
LoadModule proxy_ftp_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
LoadModule proxy_http_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_http.so
LoadModule proxy_ajp_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
LoadModule proxy_balancer_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
#LoadModule ssl_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_ssl.so
LoadModule mime_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_mime.so
LoadModule dav_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_dav.so
LoadModule status_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_status.so
LoadModule autoindex_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_autoindex.so
LoadModule asis_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_asis.so
LoadModule info_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_info.so
LoadModule cgi_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_cgi.so
LoadModule dav_fs_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_dav_fs.so
LoadModule vhost_alias_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
LoadModule negotiation_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_negotiation.so
LoadModule dir_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule imagemap_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_imagemap.so
LoadModule actions_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_actions.so
LoadModule userdir_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_userdir.so
LoadModule alias_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_alias.so
LoadModule rewrite_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_rewrite.so

<IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
<IfModule !mpm_winnt_module>
#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User apache
Group apache

</IfModule>
</IfModule>

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin matt@mashio.net

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
#ServerName www.example.com:80

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/srv/httpd/htdocs"

#
# Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
# directory (and its subdirectories). 
#
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of 
# features.  
#
<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order deny,allow
    Deny from all
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
#
<Directory "/srv/httpd/htdocs">
    #
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    #
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    #
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    #
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

    #
    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #
    AllowOverride None

    #
    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    #
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php
</IfModule>

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
# viewed by Web clients. 
#
<FilesMatch "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
    Satisfy All
</FilesMatch>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/error_log"

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

    <IfModule logio_module>
      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
    </IfModule>

    #
    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
    # logged therein and *not* in this file.
    #
    CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/access_log" common

    #
    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
    #
    #CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/access_log" combined
</IfModule>

<IfModule alias_module>
    #
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

    #
    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
    # Example:
    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
    #
    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
    # the filesystem path.

    #
    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
    # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
    # directives as to Alias.
    #
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/srv/httpd/cgi-bin/"

</IfModule>

<IfModule cgid_module>
    #
    # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
    # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
    #
    #Scriptsock /var/run/httpd/cgisock
</IfModule>

#
# "/srv/httpd/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory "/srv/httpd/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mime_module>
    #
    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
    # filename extension to MIME-type.
    #
    TypesConfig /etc/httpd/mime.types

    #
    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
    #
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
    #
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    #
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
    #
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    #
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #
    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    #
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    #AddHandler type-map var

    #
    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    #
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddType text/html .shtml
    #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile /etc/httpd/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile off

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the /etc/httpd/extra/ directory can be 
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of 
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as 
# necessary.

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

# Multi-language error messages
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# Language settings
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-languages.conf

# User home directories
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Various default settings
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-default.conf

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include /etc/httpd/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
#       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
#       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>

# Uncomment the following line to enable PHP:
#
#Include /etc/httpd/mod_php.conf

# Uncomment the following lines to enable svn support:
#
#LoadModule dav_svn_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_dav_svn.so
#LoadModule authz_svn_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_authz_svn.so

#Apache UserDirectories
<IfModule mod_userdir.c>
	UserDir /home/*/public_html
	UserDir enabled user1
</IfModule>
<Directory /home/*/public_html>
	AllowOverride All
#	Options Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatch IncludesNoExec
</Directory>
 
Old 01-30-2009, 12:37 AM   #8
auximini
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Registered: Dec 2003
Location: Calgary, AB
Distribution: Any!
Posts: 146

Rep: Reputation: 18
How about changing:

Code:
<Directory /home/*/public_html>
	AllowOverride All
#	Options Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatch IncludesNoExec
</Directory>
to

Code:
<Directory "/home/*/public_html">
       Options Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks
       
       AllowOverride None
       Allow from all
       Order deny,allow
</Directory>
 
Old 01-31-2009, 03:10 PM   #9
mashiox
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Oct 2008
Distribution: Slackware 13
Posts: 21

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 0
Worked great!
Thanks a lot for the help.
 
  


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