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Old 06-27-2012, 04:51 AM   #1
Pratique
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Post Unable to change the sender from root to user in postfix


Hi All,

I have a Linux 2.6 x86 machine and currently I am battling with email deployment on it. The problem is by default the server sends emails through the address root@localdomain.com which is not valid.
I want the sender to be changed to username@newdomain.com.

So far, after days of googling, I have been able to change only the domain part and now the server sends mail through root@newdomain.com which is again invalid.

I have updated the following entries:
/etc/postfix/generic
/etc/postfix/main.cf
/etc/postfix/alias

But still the mail appears to use the root username for sending which does not get delivers, here are the logs :

[root@myserver]# tail -f /var/log/maillog
Jun 27 05:11:54 myserver postfix/pickup[12653]: C86C9115027: uid=0 from=<root>
Jun 27 05:11:54 myserver postfix/cleanup[16739]: C86C9115027: message-id=<20120627091154.C86C9115027@myserver.localdomain>
Jun 27 05:11:54 myserver postfix/qmgr[12654]: C86C9115027: from=<root@newdomain.com>, size=301, nrcpt=1 (queue active)
Jun 27 05:11:56 myserver postfix/smtp[16741]: C86C9115027: to=<abc@xyz.com>, relay=smpt.relay.server[10.135.40.20]:25, delay=1.6, delays=0/0/1.2/0.42, dsn=5.1.7, status=bounced (host smpt.relay.server[10.135.40.20] said: 550 5.1.7 <root@newdomain.com>... Unknown sender (in reply to MAIL FROM command))
Jun 27 05:11:56 myserver postfix/cleanup[16739]: BB551115028: message-id=<20120627091156.BB551115028@myserver.localdomain>
Jun 27 05:11:56 myserver postfix/qmgr[12654]: BB551115028: from=<>, size=2215, nrcpt=1 (queue active)
Jun 27 05:11:56 myserver postfix/bounce[16742]: C86C9115027: sender non-delivery notification: BB551115028
Jun 27 05:11:56 myserver postfix/qmgr[12654]: C86C9115027: removed
Jun 27 05:11:58 myserver postfix/smtp[16741]: BB551115028: to=<root@newdomain.com>, relay=smpt.relay.server[10.135.40.20]:25, delay=1.6, delays=0/0/1.2/0.43, dsn=5.1.1, status=bounced (host smpt.relay.server[10.135.40.20] said: 550 5.1.1 <root@newdomain.com>... Unknown user (in reply to RCPT TO command))
Jun 27 05:11:58 myserver postfix/qmgr[12654]: BB551115028: removed

[root@myserver]#


Can anyone please help me?
 
Old 06-27-2012, 07:03 AM   #2
descendant_command
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So what is creating the mail?
You need to configure that.

Also what rules does your relay server enforce?
 
Old 06-27-2012, 08:58 AM   #3
Pratique
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Where should I configure ?

I used the following command to send the mail:

Echo "Hello World" | mail -s "GM" abc@xyz.com

and received the log which I pasted above. As far as SMTP Relay setting are concerned, the entries are updated properly. Issue is to change the sender from root@newdomain.com to user@newdomain.com.
 
Old 06-27-2012, 03:36 PM   #4
descendant_command
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So log in as 'user' not 'root', and then send the mail...
 
Old 06-28-2012, 04:17 AM   #5
Pratique
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Netbackup Application

My need is to make netbackup deliver emails. Netbackup uses the mailx utility on the server to send mails (which is root by default).
But here root's address is invalid and it does not sends mail.

That's why I am looking for an alternative to send emails.
 
Old 06-28-2012, 04:32 AM   #6
descendant_command
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From 'man mailx'

Quote:
-r address
Sets the From address. Overrides any from variable speci‐
fied in environment or startup files. Tilde escapes are
disabled. The -r address options are passed to the mail
transfer agent unless SMTP is used. This option exists
for compatibility only; it is recommended to set the from
variable directly instead.
 
Old 06-28-2012, 05:39 AM   #7
Reuti
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I suggest lines in sender_canonical like:
Code:
/root@localdomain.com/ user@newdomain.com
/^(.*@)(.*)$/     ${1}newdomain.com
and access it in main.cf:
Code:
sender_canonical_maps = regexp:/etc/postfix/sender_canonical
As itís a regexp, there is no postmap necessary. But you can also use a hash, if it suits your needs better

Documentation
 
Old 06-28-2012, 08:47 AM   #8
Pratique
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Still not working

Is there anything I need to change in main.cf file ?
The system continues to send mails through root.

@descendant_command The "-r" switch cannot be specified. Netbackup communicates with the server in the background and calls mailx. There is no way I can put a switch to the emails sent.
 
Old 06-28-2012, 08:49 AM   #9
Reuti
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The sender_canonical_maps line is in main.cf and you restarted postfix?
 
Old 06-28-2012, 11:54 AM   #10
Pratique
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Yes I did restart.

The postfix was reloaded after making changes.
 
  


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