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rajasekar19417 08-29-2009 07:40 AM

Samba File sharing?
 
Hi friends,

i'm using RHEL 5.1 server , i'm also having windows client network.

file sharing between linux and windows using Samba server.

i created a folder in linux server. it shows in windows also ,
step 1.
run->\\192.xx.xx.xx
step 2.
login creation will appear
username and password

step 3.
logged in and it shows folder What i shared in linux server.
step 4.
when i double click the folder ,its not entering into that, "error message : you have not a permission access the folder "


Help me how to share the folder and how to access the folder from windows environment. guide me a step by step method


Thanks and Regards
Rajasekaran.N

hua 08-29-2009 08:14 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by rajasekar19417 (Post 3661886)
when i double click the folder ,its not entering into that, "error message : you have not a permission access the folder "
Rajasekaran.N

Try to locate the folder you shared and change permissions on it with:
Quote:

chmod 765 /your/shared/folder
I expect you have configured your samba config-file for security=user. But there are few more steps needed:

1. You need to create authentication data in ./samab/private/smbpasswd. You can use the smbpasswd command like this:
Quote:

smbpasswd -a username
It will ask you the password twice.

2. After you created login data you need to set in smb.conf in section Share Definitions a valid user direction for your shared folder:
Quote:

[myshare]
comment = my share
path = /shared
public = yes
valid users = username
writable = yes
printable = no
3. After this, just for sure, log off your windows account and log in again. Now you should be able to access your folder.
Logoff - somtimes windows remember old login information and although you enter new login and password it still wants to use the old one.

Let us know how it worked

frenchn00b 08-29-2009 10:10 AM

this smb.conf can be used, as template, good to start with:
it works for me

Code:

#
# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
#
#
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which
# are not shown in this example
#
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentary and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic
# errors.
#

#======================= Global Settings =======================

[global]

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
  workgroup = MSHOME

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
  server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
;  wins support = no

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
;  wins server = w.x.y.z

# This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
  dns proxy = no

# What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names
# to IP addresses
;  name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
;  interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
;  bind interfaces only = true



#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
  log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
  max log size = 1000

# If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
# parameter to 'yes'.
;  syslog only = no

# We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
# should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
# through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
  syslog = 0

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
  panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d


####### Authentication #######

# "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account
# in this server for every user accessing the server. See
# /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/ServerType.html
# in the samba-doc package for details.
;  security = user

# You may wish to use password encryption.  See the section on
# 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.
  encrypt passwords = true

# If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
# password database type you are using.
  passdb backend = tdbsam

  obey pam restrictions = yes

;  guest account = nobody
  invalid users = root

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
;  unix password sync = no

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
  passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
  passwd chat = *Enter\snew\sUNIX\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\sUNIX\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
;  pam password change = no

########## Domains ###########

# Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC
# must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must
# change the 'domain master' setting to no
#
;  domain logons = yes
#
# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of the user's profile directory
# from the client point of view)
# The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the
# samba server (see below)
;  logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
;  logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
;  logon drive = H:
;  logon home = \\%N\%U

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
;  logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.  The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

########## Printing ##########

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
  load printers = yes

# lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the
# printcap file
  printing = bsd
  printcap name = /etc/printcap

# CUPS printing.  See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the
# cupsys-client package.
  printing = cups
  printcap name = cups


# When using [print$], root is implicitly a 'printer admin', but you can
# also give this right to other users to add drivers and set printer
# properties
#  printer admin = @lpadmin


############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;  include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/speed.html
# for details
# You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
#        SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
  socket options = TCP_NODELAY

# The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package
# installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are
# working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.
;  message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' &

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this
# machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you
# must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.
;  domain master = auto

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
;  idmap uid = 10000-20000
;  idmap gid = 10000-20000
;  template shell = /bin/bash

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

# Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
# to enable the default home directory shares.  This will share each
# user's home directory as \\server\username
[homes]
  comment = Home Directories
  browseable = no

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server.  Un-comment the following parameter
# to make sure that only "username" can connect to \\server\username
;  valid users = %S

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change next
# parameter to 'yes' if you want to be able to write to them.
  writable = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0600 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0664.
  create mask = 0600

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
;  directory mask = 0700

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
;[netlogon]
;  comment = Network Logon Service
;  path = /home/samba/netlogon
;  guest ok = yes
;  writable = no
;  share modes = no


# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
[profiles]
  comment = Users profiles
  path = /home/samba/profiles
  guest ok = no
  browseable = no
  create mask = 0600
  directory mask = 0700

[printers]
  comment = All Printers
  browseable = yes
  path = /tmp
  printable = yes
  public = yes
  writable = no
  create mode = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
[print$]
  comment = Printer Drivers
  path = /var/lib/samba/printers
  browseable = yes
  read only = yes
  guest ok = yes


# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# Replace 'ntadmin' with the name of the group your admin users are
# members of.
;  write list = root, @ntadmin



# A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.
;[cdrom]
;  comment = Samba server's CD-ROM
;  writable = no
;  locking = no
;  path = /cdrom
;  public = yes







# The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the
#  cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain
#  an entry like this:
#
#      /dev/scd0  /cdrom  iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user  0 0
#
# The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the
#
# If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD
#  is mounted on /cdrom
#
;  preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
;  postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom

then
Quote:

smbpasswd -a usernameofwhoyouwnat
the passwd isnt the same as nfs kernel sever/ssh


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