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Old 10-03-2007, 03:38 AM   #1
baking-a-77
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PHP not loading in Apache2


Dear Community,
when I navigate to file:///var/www/(...) I see a list of files, instead of my browser loading the index.php in that directory.
This is my httpd.conf
Code:
#
# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2> for detailed information.
# In particular, see 
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "/var/log/apache2/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "" will be interpreted by the
# server as "//var/log/apache2/foo.log".

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFile directive
# at a local disk.  If you wish to share the same ServerRoot for multiple
# httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile and PidFile.
#
ServerRoot ""

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
LoadModule authn_file_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authn_file.so
LoadModule authn_dbm_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
LoadModule authn_anon_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authn_anon.so
LoadModule authn_dbd_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authn_dbd.so
LoadModule authn_default_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authn_default.so
LoadModule authn_alias_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authn_alias.so
LoadModule authz_host_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authz_host.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_user_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authz_user.so
LoadModule authz_dbm_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
LoadModule authz_owner_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authz_owner.so
LoadModule authnz_ldap_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so
LoadModule authz_default_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_authz_default.so
LoadModule auth_basic_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_auth_basic.so
LoadModule auth_digest_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_auth_digest.so
LoadModule file_cache_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_file_cache.so
LoadModule cache_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_cache.so
LoadModule disk_cache_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_disk_cache.so
LoadModule mem_cache_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_mem_cache.so
LoadModule dbd_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_dbd.so
LoadModule dumpio_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_dumpio.so
LoadModule ext_filter_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_ext_filter.so
LoadModule include_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_include.so
LoadModule filter_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_filter.so
LoadModule charset_lite_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_charset_lite.so
LoadModule deflate_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_deflate.so
LoadModule ldap_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_ldap.so
LoadModule log_forensic_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_log_forensic.so
LoadModule env_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_env.so
LoadModule mime_magic_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_mime_magic.so
LoadModule cern_meta_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_cern_meta.so
LoadModule expires_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_expires.so
LoadModule headers_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_headers.so
LoadModule ident_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_ident.so
LoadModule usertrack_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_usertrack.so
LoadModule unique_id_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule setenvif_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_setenvif.so
LoadModule version_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_version.so
LoadModule proxy_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_proxy.so
LoadModule proxy_connect_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
LoadModule proxy_ftp_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
LoadModule proxy_http_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_proxy_http.so
LoadModule proxy_ajp_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
LoadModule proxy_balancer_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
LoadModule ssl_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_ssl.so
LoadModule mime_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_mime.so
LoadModule dav_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_dav.so
LoadModule status_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_status.so
LoadModule autoindex_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_autoindex.so
LoadModule asis_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_asis.so
LoadModule info_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_info.so
LoadModule suexec_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_suexec.so
LoadModule cgid_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_cgid.so
LoadModule cgi_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_cgi.so
LoadModule dav_fs_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_dav_fs.so
LoadModule dav_lock_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_dav_lock.so
LoadModule vhost_alias_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
LoadModule negotiation_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_negotiation.so
LoadModule dir_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule imagemap_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_imagemap.so
LoadModule actions_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_actions.so
LoadModule speling_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_speling.so
LoadModule userdir_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_userdir.so
LoadModule alias_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_alias.so
LoadModule rewrite_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/mod_rewrite.so

<IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User daemon
Group daemon
</IfModule>

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin you@example.com

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
#ServerName www.example.com:80

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/usr/share/apache2/default-site/htdocs"

#
# Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
# directory (and its subdirectories). 
#
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of 
# features.  
#
<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order deny,allow
    Deny from all
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
#
<Directory "/usr/share/apache2/default-site/htdocs">
    #
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    #
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    #
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    #
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

    #
    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #
    AllowOverride None

    #
    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    #
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested. ADDED PHP
#
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.php
</IfModule>

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
# viewed by Web clients. 
#
<FilesMatch "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
    Satisfy All
</FilesMatch>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error_log

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

    <IfModule logio_module>
      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
    </IfModule>

    #
    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
    # logged therein and *not* in this file.
    #
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access_log common

    #
    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
    #
    #CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access_log combined
</IfModule>

<IfModule alias_module>
    #
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

    #
    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
    # Example:
    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
    #
    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
    # the filesystem path.

    #
    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
    # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
    # directives as to Alias.
    #
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/lib/cgi-bin/"

</IfModule>

<IfModule cgid_module>
    #
    # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
    # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
    #
    #Scriptsock /var/run/apache2/cgisock
</IfModule>

#
# "/usr/lib/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mime_module>
    #
    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
    # filename extension to MIME-type.
    #
    TypesConfig /etc/apache2/mime.types
#I ADDED THIS BIT

AddType application/php4 .php

    #
    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
    #
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
    #
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    #
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
    #
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    #
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #
    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    #
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    #AddHandler type-map var

    #
    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    #
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddType text/html .shtml
    #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile /etc/apache2/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile off

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the /etc/apache2/extra/ directory can be 
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of 
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as 
# necessary.

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

# Multi-language error messages
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# Language settings
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-languages.conf

# User home directories
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Various default settings
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-default.conf

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

Include /etc/apache2/conf.d/php.conf

#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
#       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
#       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>
and this the php.conf it points to:
Code:
#PHP Configuration for Apache
#
# Load the apache module
#
LoadModule php4_module modules/libphp4.so
#
# Cause the PHP interpreter handle files with a .php extension.
#
<Files *.php>
SetOutputFilter PHP
SetInputFilter PHP
LimitRequestBody 9524288
</Files>
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
#
# Add index.php to the list of files that will be served as directory
# indexes.
#
DirectoryIndex index.php
Any ideas?
Thank you in advance,
baking-a-77
 
Old 10-03-2007, 04:23 AM   #2
ihsan.faisal
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There are two things you should clarify:

First, you should point your browser to http://localhost or http://127.0.0.1 or any IP number you set your computer to, not file:///var/www/(...).

Second, according to your httpd.conf your DocumentRoot is not in /var/www/(...) but in /usr/share/apache2/default-site/htdocs

Place your index.php at that DocumentRoot and then point your browser using http://localhost

There should be no problem. But you can post here again if you didn't satisfy
 
Old 10-03-2007, 02:44 PM   #3
baking-a-77
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First of all thank you for going through the lengthy file. I took care of your second remark. Regarding the first, I tried localhost and 127.0.0.1 first however I receive the message "Localhost refused the connection", this hasn't changed.
 
Old 10-04-2007, 12:55 AM   #4
ihsan.faisal
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baking-a-77, read this:

http://www.linuxforums.org/forum/red...n-refused.html

This should fix your problem.

Last edited by ihsan.faisal; 10-04-2007 at 12:56 AM.
 
Old 10-04-2007, 05:12 AM   #5
baking-a-77
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Obviously, apache is running and the firewall is listening on port 80.
 
Old 10-05-2007, 03:40 AM   #6
ihsan.faisal
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I'm not sure what's happening on your machine.

I've rechecked your httpd.conf file. Your ServerRoot is point to nothing. It should be pointed to something like /etc/httpd or anything where you store your confs and logs. A blank ServerRoot will produce error and will not start Apache.

Or are there two servers running on your machine?
 
Old 10-19-2007, 05:39 AM   #7
baking-a-77
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I was away for a bit, and only could return to this now:
I pointed ServerRoot to /etc/apache2
When I run
/usr/sbin/apache2ctl -k restart
I receive
Code:
apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName
httpd not running, trying to start
(98)Address already in use: make_sock: could not bind to address [::]:80
(98)Address already in use: make_sock: could not bind to address 0.0.0.0:80
no listening sockets available, shutting down
Unable to open logs
 
Old 10-22-2007, 02:52 AM   #8
ihsan.faisal
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Since step-by-step explanation can be tedious, I think you can learn from the existing bundled apache-server provided by XAMPP for Linux http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp-linux.html

Have a try, and learn from its apache and php configuration... Make sure to uninstall the installed apache on your machine before installing XAMPP for Linux.

I think it's a great tool. But please, don't use it for production server unless you know how to reconfigure it.
 
Old 10-25-2007, 04:52 AM   #9
baking-a-77
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Hooray, It worked!
Not quite the elegant way, but it will only be used for development, so thats not a problem. Thank you for your help.
baking-a-77
 
  


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