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wjtaylor 06-23-2011 02:51 PM

hard drive device assignment - question
Can someone give a basic description of how linux assigns drive letters?

I understand that a drive letter assignment is not static. If I add a drive between /dev/sda and /dev/sdb, my /dev/sdb will become /dev/sdc and the new drive will become /dev/sdb.

I have a hot swap tray and have come into some unexpected behavior. I removed /dev/sde from the hot swap tray and then loaded another drive into this same tray. When I mounted the new drive with options in fstab, it wouldn't mount because the new drive was /dev/sdf, not /dev/sde. Apparently, linux is looking at the id of the drive in addition to it's place in the BIOS chain.

My fstab entry is:
/dev/sde /backups auto noauto,rw,noexec,async,user 0 0

I was avoiding using UUIDs in the fstab so that new HDDs would not have to be "registered" in the fstab prior to use.

Is there a way to tell linux (or fstab) whatever drive is plugged into SATA channel X mount to /mountpoint?


catkin 06-23-2011 03:06 PM

udev. Writing udev rules is slightly outdated (the udevadm command has replaced some of the commands shown) but is the best guide I know of.

wjtaylor 06-27-2011 08:35 PM

I'm answering my own questions so others know the answer:

udev is not necessary.

tree /dev/disk will list not only the disks by id and UUID, but also by hardware path.

Next add a line to your fstab similar to:
/dev/disk/by-path/pci-0000:03:00.0-scsi-1:0:0:0-part1 /backups auto noauto,user,noexec,rw,async 0 0

The entry will always mount the disk connected to the specified scsi port to backups. Note the -part1 for partition number.


syg00 06-27-2011 10:23 PM


Originally Posted by wjtaylor (Post 4397462)
udev is not necessary.

Wanna bet ? :D
It wasn't necessary (in this case) for you to write your own udev rules - different thing altogether.

by-path is handy in situations, but by being so specific (bus, port ...) can be a PITA also. Another option for you might be to label all your backup filesystems the same name (say BACKUP). Single line in fstab for that LABEL - then when you plug any of those disks in, they mount as above.
Won't work if you ever try to plug two in at once of course ...

catkin 06-27-2011 10:26 PM

Thanks for sharing wjtaylor; that tree /dev/disk is a neat technique :)

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