Linux - NewbieThis Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question?
If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
Hi. I just bought old computer, 3.4Ghz Dual Pentium, 160GB, 2GB RAM.
I'm thinking to put LINUX on it to learn. The problem is that there is so many different LINUX versions I simply don't know which one to choose. I would appreciate if someone could help me. I've never used LINUX and don't know how to write commands or anything like that
I like the idea of free open office, gipm etc., so I thought I will give it a go!
Thank you all!
Since you are a newbie to Linux I would recommend to go for one of the distributions aimed at beginners, like Mint, PCLinuxOS, Mepis or SalineOS. You can also try Ubuntu, but keep in mind that its default user interface is even amongst Linux users controversial.
I'd recommend Mint because I think it is so simple and user friendly, and if along the way you find some problem, issue or even a doubt about something, you will find the solution easily (believe me if you have a problem someone else has had it before and luckly there is/are a solution to it). Lear how to use the shell, basic commands, programming, tweak default settings, search for materials to study online. When you have aquired some experience and knowledge try out other "GNU/Linux flavours" a little bit harder.
In this situation, plugging in a Live CD (...or two...or three...) is the easiest way to just get a flavour of how things are, and has the advantage that you don't do anything irreparable to the hard disk. Most distros have a Live CD available.
I'm a bit scared with all those commands, shell etc
There are some things that are just easier to do with the command line, but you won't necessarily need to do any of them as a new user, unless you struggle with problematic hardware. That would be unlucky, but is another reason for trying a live CD - if everything works with the live CD, chances are very strong that it will work when installed.
Ok. Im having problems with instalation. Im getting message like: couldnt find ISO install/instalation/iso or something like that. It also says to run windows and run chkdsk /r then reboot and it should be fine, but still the same. Can someone help me please?
Are you booting with the CD/DVD drive set to first boot priority? Sounds like you might be trying to start the install from within windows. Did you burn the iso file you downloaded as an image? Did you do an md5 checksum?
Yeah, my fault. Tried to do it without usb/dvd. My BIOS is messed up so I can't change anything there cos I can see only half of the screen.
I download ubuntu 12 and works fine, thanks to Windows installation. Ubuntu - love it! Very, very nice looking, newbie friendly, cos I can use terminal and troubleshooting at the same time, didn't think I could do that. All in all very happy with ubuntu! Only thing I've problems now is my usb wireless belkin, can't connect, but I will try after I get some sleep!
Thank you all for answers! Take care!
Ok. Looks like my USB Wireless Adapter Belkin F7D4101 v1 is not working on Ubuntu. I've cd with drivers inside but I think those drivers are only for Windows. When I'm trying to click setup.exe from cd thats the message I'm getting:
Zip file size: 4911104 bytes, number of entries: 29824
Zipfile is disk 34294 of a multi-disk archive, and this is not the disk on
which the central zipfile directory begins (disk 3569)."
Last edited by czcina; 06-24-2012 at 02:47 PM.
Reason: more info
I would choose one of the more popular distros that have lots of different Desktop environments available (KDE/GNOME/XFE, etc), so that you can try them out and find which one suits you best.
It would be good to find a distro with multiple window managers (my favorite is FLUXBOX, but there are others), in case the DE's are too bloated for your taste. Be warned if you go down the window manager route, you will need to edit text files, and you will probably need to go a little deeper into your system, which while not difficult, will consume considerably more of your time than if you go for a KDE or GNOME DE.
Ok. Looks like my USB Wireless Adapter Belkin F7D4101 v1 is not working on Ubuntu. "
So, post a new thread in the wireless section? Title "How to make working USB.. on Ubuntu xyz".
I think you can forget your exe etc. from windows.
Except you want to extract files for ndiswrapper (programm for using driver files under linux).
An "exe" can run under Linux with the programm "WINE" (not direct like run abcd.exe), which is "WINdows Emulation" You can find it under Ubuntu.
Take time. Read a lot. Ask. Take a cup of coffee in between. You will get it.
There is no reason to worry about a command line in Linux any more than you would in Windows. How many Windows users use a command line for anything? Almost none. You don't need a command line in Linux, either, if you're running a user-friendly distribution like Ubuntu or Mint, everything you could possible need will be in their respective software repositories. You should rarely have to drop back to the terminal for anything. I'd recommend Mint or Ubuntu simply because they are so easy to use out-of-the-box, so to speak, although you might need to do a little more tweaking in Ubuntu to get multimedia working seamlessly, since things like mp3 or dvd encryption are not enabled by default for legal reasons. There are a lot of solid distributions around that are well-documented and supported, (Ubuntu being one of the best), and a lot of marginal distributions that are intended for "enthusiasts" and experts, that I recommend you avoid, unless you want to spend a lot of time figuring out how to make things work.
I started using Linux with Peppermint and never regretted it. SalineOS is another good choice. These are smaller operations, very stable and fast, with quiet but helpful forums. By the time you're comfortable using either one of them, you will have learned enough about Linux to be adventurous.
I use Linux Mint distros, so I'm not putting the bigger guys down. Reading their forums is certainly very useful. Don't worry about commands and that until you have to. If you want to jump straight into the big ones, like Ubuntu or Mint, that's good, too.
Think about what's manageable for you. I had at the time I started learning a similar computer to yours, if that helps. Go slowly, go carefully, and you will be fine. The worst that might happen is you have to reinstall, but your roof won't fly off. Good luck.