In the above example, where would you put each of the 3 items?
I have recompiled my kernel twice, and installed from source maybe three times, so I am hardly an expert, but the way I understand it is this:
You can download the tar file anywhere that is convenient.
You untar it, and cd to that directory.
does the make bit
(as root) make install
installs it, wherever it is "supposed to go", and this is probably determined by the previous two steps.
Thereafter you can delete the source directory, as it has had its use, although I tend to keep them as the READMEs can be useful later.
Edit: You are using Debian, why don't you just use apt-get
, or one of the graphical repository managers to install software? /Edit