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It's processor type. x86 means Intel-compatibiles in general (Pentium, AMD etc). i386 means 386 processors, i486 - 486. There's also i586 (Pentium-class) and i686 (newer ones). You should get an image for processor type closest to the one you have (if you have quite modern machine it's i686).
If there's 64 added, it's a version for 64 bit processors (in fact there should be two versions- for Intel's and AMD's 64 bit procs).
These codes represent your computer's "architecture":
- PPC (PowerPC) - only download if your computer is running (or once ran) MacOS (i.e. if your computer is a "Mac")
- SPARC - for Sun Microsystem's special computer architecture.
- The x86 series (used by most home PCs and laptops): i386 (for computers with a 386 processor or faster), i486 (for computers with a 486 processor or faster), i586 (for computers with Pentium processors or faster), i686 (for Pentium Pro, Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4, Pentium M, and Celeron)
- ia64: For computers running Intel's 64-bit Itanium processors
- amd64: For computers running AMD's 64-bit processors (a few desktops)
If you are installing on a home PC, chances are, it is of x86 architecture. If your computer is less than 15 years old, chances are, i386 will work. If your computer is less than 10 years old, chances are, i586 will work. If your computer is less than 6 years old, chances are i686 will work.