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Old 12-03-2009, 11:53 AM   #1
Linux Student
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What is the etymology of certain sub directories?


I am a relatively new student of Linux. To make better
sense of the Linux file system tree structure. I want to know why
certain sub directories are named what are and what files are typically held inside and what these files do if anything. The tree structure
would make more sense when the meaning of the sub directories are known.
Examples include the following; rc.d, x11, x11r6, init.d, initab, ect.

Hope you can help and Thank you,

Sam V.
 
Old 12-03-2009, 12:24 PM   #2
raju.mopidevi
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This article may helps you to know about /etc hierarchy.
see the /etc basics
 
Old 12-03-2009, 12:28 PM   #3
catkin
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A lot of your questions are answered in the Linux Filesystem Hierarchy. When reading it, beware that it is an ideal. In particular a lot of software does not conform to the /opt, /etc/opt and /var/opt usage, opting (ha!) instead for /usr/local/* directories.
 
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Old 12-03-2009, 12:33 PM   #4
pixellany
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A lot of it is history and tradition going back to the early days of Unix. Some of it relates to the development of Unix and Linux as true multi-user systems.

There's lots of references, but some can only be learned by poking around and running Google searches. Here is one example (using "linux rc.d"):
http://www.google.com/search?q=linux...ient=firefox-a
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:20 PM   #5
chrism01
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See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filesys...archy_Standard
Attempts to standardise http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_Standard_Base
 
Old 12-03-2009, 06:37 PM   #6
frankbell
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There is a good summary description of the Linux file system here:

http://www.freeos.com/articles/3102/

For practical purposes as a user, you need to concern yourself with

/root--that's the root partition where the root (admin) user and her files reside. Some distros, such as Ubuntu, do not give you direct access to /root (meaning you cannot log in as "root"). Others, such as Slackware, do.

/home/[username]--that's where users' personal files are. It's sort of equivalent to the Windows C:\\Documents and Settings, but, once you get the hang of it, much easier to access, use, and configure.

For instance, I usually use the Fluxbox window manager (http://www.fluxbox.org) rather than Gnome or KDE. My Fluxbox menu resides in a hidden file in my /home/[username] folder (specifically /home/[username]/.fluxbox--the period before the directory name makes it "hidden"). I can configure the menu by opening the menu file into a text editor, making the changes I want, then saving the file. Those changes affect only my login, not anyone else's.

/usr--that's where programs and related files installed by the user (usr) reside (this will include programs installed by the distribution at time of installation). Executables go into /usr/bin or, sometimes, /usr/sbin or /usr/local/bin ("bin" is short for "binary"). Libraries, help fiiles, and documentation go into other subdirectories under /usr.

/opt--some programs install to /opt rather than to /usr.

/etc--that's where configuration and boot information goes. For example, the hosts file is normally somewhere in /etc.

Most of the other directories (/var, /bin, /sbin, and so on) are of interest to persons who write programs and troubleshoot installations, but not to day-to-day users. The OS takes care of what goes there.

The exact structure of the /etc directory can vary from one distribution to another. For example, Slackware has an /etc/rc.d subdirectory; the boot scripts go there. Ubuntu puts the scripts in /etc/ but has not /etc/rc.d subdirectory. Everything is in /etc, but it's organized differently.
 
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Old 02-03-2010, 01:33 AM   #7
HmNtr
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/boot, /root. /home, swap...outta space for apps?!

Quote:
Originally Posted by frankbell View Post
There is a good summary description of the Linux file system here:

http://www.freeos.com/articles/3102/

For practical purposes as a user, you need to concern yourself with

/root--that's the root partition where the root (admin) user and her files reside. Some distros, such as Ubuntu, do not give you direct access to /root (meaning you cannot log in as "root"). Others, such as Slackware, do.

/home/[username]--that's where users' personal files are. It's sort of equivalent to the Windows C:\\Documents and Settings, but, once you get the hang of it, much easier to access, use, and configure.

For instance, I usually use the Fluxbox window manager (http://www.fluxbox.org) rather than Gnome or KDE. My Fluxbox menu resides in a hidden file in my /home/[username] folder (specifically /home/[username]/.fluxbox--the period before the directory name makes it "hidden"). I can configure the menu by opening the menu file into a text editor, making the changes I want, then saving the file. Those changes affect only my login, not anyone else's.

/usr--that's where programs and related files installed by the user (usr) reside (this will include programs installed by the distribution at time of installation). Executables go into /usr/bin or, sometimes, /usr/sbin or /usr/local/bin ("bin" is short for "binary"). Libraries, help fiiles, and documentation go into other subdirectories under /usr.

/opt--some programs install to /opt rather than to /usr.

/etc--that's where configuration and boot information goes. For example, the hosts file is normally somewhere in /etc.

Most of the other directories (/var, /bin, /sbin, and so on) are of interest to persons who write programs and troubleshoot installations, but not to day-to-day users. The OS takes care of what goes there.

The exact structure of the /etc directory can vary from one distribution to another. For example, Slackware has an /etc/rc.d subdirectory; the boot scripts go there. Ubuntu puts the scripts in /etc/ but has not /etc/rc.d subdirectory. Everything is in /etc, but it's organized differently.


Hey frankbell,

I wanted to say thanks because that information helps me to understand my own distro more (Mandriva One 2009 RC1 KDE). But, now I have another question which you may be able to answer: I was in the Install/Remove Software area earlier, and I removed excess apps that I did not need and then installed those that I did. However, it said that I only had 3.4 GBs of space total, and that I now have 0 MBs/GBs left.

After reviewing what you had written, I went into disk manager and viewed which partitions I had created about a year ago, and I did not find the /opt or the /usr partitions.

Instead, I have /boot, /root, /home, and /swap. The /swap is the smallest partition, at 3.8 GBs, so I assume that all my software has been getting installed there, since the /boot and /root partitions are 10 GBs each, and the /home partition is 20 GBs.

I feel I should also mention that /boot, /root and /home are all ext3 partitions, not sure if this makes a difference or not...

Is there any way (short of formatting the partitions) that I can decrease the size of those three partitions to increase the size of my /swap partition, that you can think of, so that I can install more software on my Linux partition?


Thanks in advance for the reply!


HmNtr
 
Old 02-03-2010, 01:47 AM   #8
chrism01
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You should read my links above (post #5).
The swap partition (note no leading '/') is used by the OS as extra 'virtual RAM' when it runs out of real RAM'.
You seem to be confusing partitions with top level dirs.
Note that the 'root' partition (& root dir) is just '/'.
/root is the home dir for the root user; 2 very different things.
All dirs are referenced from (ie are children of) the '/' dir.
So, swap is not part of the normal disk/dir structure.
Try

fdisk -l

(lower case L there)

and

cat /etc/fstab

as the root user.

Also, to check space use

df -k

'top' will show RAM and swap usage (swap usage is dynamic of course).
 
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Old 02-03-2010, 02:33 AM   #9
cantab
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Linux Student View Post
Examples include the following; rc.d, x11, x11r6, init.d, initab, ect.
rc.d, init.d, and initab all are to do with the boot process. x11 and x11r6 will hold configuration files for the graphical environment.

Quote:
Originally Posted by HmNtr View Post
Instead, I have /boot, /root, /home, and /swap. The /swap is the smallest partition, at 3.8 GBs, so I assume that all my software has been getting installed there,
No. The swap partition is used for virtual memory. Your software will be in your / partition. If you're right that it's 10 GB, then that's not really large enough.

Quote:
Is there any way (short of formatting the partitions) that I can decrease the size of those three partitions
Not really. While it's easy enough to shrink an ext3 partition, it's not easy to use the remaining space.

The computer treats your disk like a big line. At the moment, it's something like this.

BOOT------|ROOT------|SWAP|HOME----------------

(The order may be different - the output of fdisk -l will tell you)

If you were to resize the boot and home partitions, you'd end up with something like this (dots are free space):

BOOT|......|ROOT------|SWAP|HOME------|..........

Now you've got two separate chunks of free space. Neither can be added to your root partition, since a partition can only be extended into free space directly after it.
 
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Old 02-03-2010, 02:59 AM   #10
catkin
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This thread is straying off topic.

@ HmNtr : please start a new thread for your "running out of file system space" problem. That would avoid confusion and make this thread more useful to people wanting to find out about Linux file system etymology.
 
Old 02-03-2010, 04:49 PM   #11
HmNtr
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Thank you

Quote:
Originally Posted by catkin View Post
This thread is straying off topic.

@ HmNtr : please start a new thread for your "running out of file system space" problem. That would avoid confusion and make this thread more useful to people wanting to find out about Linux file system etymology.

That's just it though, isn't it? I just learned not only about the etymology of the file system, but more about how the file system works in general from one post within this thread...that to me was useful, as I am sure that it would be to any others who read this as well.

I had read this thread and had been able to (moderately) rectify the issue that I was having, because of the great info herein.

Thanks for the help!


HmNtr
 
Old 02-03-2010, 05:03 PM   #12
worm5252
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You should read the File System Hierarchy that everyone has mentioned. Another good thing to do is to boot a computer from a LiveCD version of Linux, open a command line and type ls -R / >>fs.txt This will output a system wide directory listing and all files located in each directory and then save the output to a file called fs.txt. You can then view fs.txt to see how the file system works and what files are in each directory.

You will get an output similar to this.
Quote:
/etc/foomatic:
defaultspooler direct filter.conf

/etc/foomatic/direct:

/etc/gconf:
2 gconf.xml.defaults gconf.xml.mandatory

/etc/gconf/2:
evoldap.conf path

/etc/gconf/gconf.xml.defaults:
%gconf-tree.xml

/etc/gconf/gconf.xml.mandatory:
%gconf-tree.xml

/etc/ggi:
filter libggi.conf libgii.conf

/etc/ggi/filter:
keytrans mouse

/etc/gimp:
2.0

/etc/gimp/2.0:
controllerrc gimprc gtkrc menurc ps-menurc sessionrc templaterc unitrc

/etc/gnome-vfs-2.0:
defaults.list modules

/etc/gnome-vfs-2.0/modules:
default-modules.conf extra-modules.conf

/etc/gre.d:
1.9.system.conf

/etc/groff:
man.local mdoc.local

/etc/gtk-2.0:
im-multipress.conf

/etc/hal:
fdi

/etc/hal/fdi:
information policy preprobe

/etc/hal/fdi/information:

/etc/hal/fdi/policy:
preferences.fdi

/etc/hal/fdi/preprobe:

/etc/hp:
hplip.conf

/etc/htdig:
bad_words english.aff htdig.conf mime.types synonyms
cookies.txt footer.html HtFileType-magic.mime nomatch.html syntax.html
english.0 header.html long.html short.html wrapper.html

/etc/iceweasel:
iceweaselrc pref profile

/etc/iceweasel/pref:
iceweasel.js

/etc/iceweasel/profile:
bookmarks.html chrome localstore.rdf mimeTypes.rdf prefs.js

/etc/iceweasel/profile/chrome:
userChrome-example.css userContent-example.css

/etc/imlib:
im_palette.pal im_palette-small.pal im_palette-tiny.pal imrc

/etc/init.d:
acpid kdm rc.local
alsa-utils kerneloops rcS
anacron keymap.sh README
apmd killprocs reboot
atd loadcpufreq rmnologin
avahi-daemon mdadm rsyslog
avgd mdadm-raid sendsigs
bootlogd module-init-tools single
bootmisc.sh mountall-bootclean.sh skeleton
checkfs.sh mountall.sh ssh
checkroot.sh mountdevsubfs.sh stop-bootlogd
console-screen.sh mountkernfs.sh stop-bootlogd-single
cpufrequtils mountnfs-bootclean.sh sudo
cron mountnfs.sh udev
cups mountoverflowtmp udev-mtab
dbus mtab.sh umountfs
dhcdbd networking umountnfs.sh
dirmngr network-manager umountroot
exim4 network-manager-dispatcher upsd
glibc.sh nfs-common urandom
hal nvidia-glx virtualbox-ose
halt nvidia-kernel vmware
hostname.sh openbsd-inetd vmware-autostart
hwclockfirst.sh portmap vmware-core
hwclock.sh pppd-dns vmware-mgmt
ifupdown procps wpa-ifupdown
ifupdown-clean rc x11-common

/etc/initramfs-tools:
conf.d hooks initramfs.conf modules scripts update-initramfs.conf

/etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d:
driver-policy resume

/etc/initramfs-tools/hooks:

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts:
init-bottom init-top local-premount nfs-bottom nfs-top
init-premount local-bottom local-top nfs-premount

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts/init-bottom:

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts/init-premount:

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts/init-top:

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts/local-bottom:

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts/local-premount:

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts/local-top:

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts/nfs-bottom:

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts/nfs-premount:

/etc/initramfs-tools/scripts/nfs-top:

/etc/iproute2:
ematch_map rt_dsfield rt_protos rt_realms rt_scopes rt_tables

/etc/java:
security

/etc/java/security:
classpath.security security.d

/etc/java/security/security.d:
1000-gnu.java.security.provider.Gnu
1001-gnu.javax.crypto.jce.GnuCrypto
1002-gnu.javax.crypto.jce.GnuSasl
1003-gnu.javax.net.ssl.provider.Jessie
1004-gnu.javax.security.auth.callback.GnuCallbacks

/etc/java-6-openjdk:
accessibility.properties images psfont.properties.ja
calendars.properties jvm.cfg security
content-types.properties logging.properties sound.properties
flavormap.properties management swing.properties
fontconfig.bfc net.properties
fontconfig.properties.src psfontj2d.properties

/etc/java-6-openjdk/images:
cursors

/etc/java-6-openjdk/images/cursors:
cursors.properties

/etc/java-6-openjdk/management:
jmxremote.access jmxremote.password management.properties snmp.acl

/etc/java-6-openjdk/security:
java.policy java.security

/etc/kde3:
colors kdm ksircrc
ipv6blacklist khangmanrc ksslcalist
katefiletyperc khotnewstuffrc kstarsrc
katerc klettresrc kthemestylerc
katesyntaxhighlightingrc klipperrc kvoctrainrc
kdebug.areas kmail.antispamrc kwordquizrc
kdebugrc kmail.antivirusrc kxkb_groups
kdeglobals kmouthrc language.codes
kdeprintrc konqsidebartng.rc libkleopatrarc
kdesktop_custom_menu1 kookarc magic
kdesktop_custom_menu2 kpowersaverc translaterc
kdevassistantrc kshorturifilterrc ui
kdeveloprc ksim_panelextensionrc

/etc/kde3/colors:
40.colors Rainbow.colors Royal.colors Web.colors

/etc/kde3/kdm:
backgroundrc kdmrc Xreset Xsetup Xwilling
kdm.options Xaccess Xsession Xstartup

/etc/kde3/magic:
cabri.magic drgeo.magic kolf.magic

/etc/kde3/ui:
kprintpreviewui.rc ui_standards.rc

/etc/ldap:
ldap.conf

/etc/ld.so.conf.d:
libc.conf x86_64-linux-gnu.conf

/etc/libpaper.d:

/etc/logcheck:
ignore.d.paranoid ignore.d.server ignore.d.workstation violations.d

/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid:
apmd

/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server:
mdadm

/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation:

/etc/logcheck/violations.d:
mdadm

/etc/logrotate.d:
apt cups dpkg exim4-paniclog ppp wpa_action
aptitude dirmngr exim4-base kdm rsyslog wpa_supplicant

/etc/lsb-base:

/etc/lynx-cur:
local.cfg lynx.cfg lynx.lss

/etc/mdadm:
mdadm.conf

/etc/menu:
README

/etc/menu-methods:
lang.h README xdg-desktop-entry-spec-dirs
menu.config translate_menus xdg-desktop-entry-spec-sessions
menu.h twm
menu-xdg xdg-desktop-entry-spec-apps

/etc/modprobe.d:
aliases arch-aliases libsane pnp-hotplug
alsa-base blacklist linux-sound-base_noOSS
alsa-base-blacklist display_class nvidia-kernel-nkc
arch libpisock9 oss-compat

/etc/modprobe.d/arch:
x86_64

/etc/mplayer:
input.conf menu.conf mplayer.conf

/etc/Muttrc.d:
charset.rc colors.rc compressed-folders.rc gpg.rc smime-paths.rc

/etc/mysql:
conf.d my.cnf

/etc/mysql/conf.d:

/etc/network:
if-down.d if-post-down.d if-pre-up.d if-up.d interfaces run

/etc/network/if-down.d:
wpasupplicant

/etc/network/if-post-down.d:
avahi-daemon vde2 virtualbox-ose wireless-tools wpasupplicant

/etc/network/if-pre-up.d:
vde2 virtualbox-ose wireless-tools wpasupplicant

/etc/network/if-up.d:
avahi-daemon mountnfs openssh-server wpasupplicant

/etc/network/run:
ifstate

/etc/NetworkManager:
dispatcher.d

/etc/NetworkManager/dispatcher.d:
01ifupdown

/etc/openal:
alsoft.conf

/etc/openoffice:
dictionary.lst dictionary.lst.old psprint.conf sofficerc soffice.sh

/etc/opt:

/etc/pam.d:
atd common-auth cups kdm-np passwd sudo
chfn common-password cvs kscreensaver ppp vmware-authd
chsh common-session kcheckpass login sshd xscreensaver
common-account cron kdm other su

/etc/pango:
pangox.aliases

/etc/perl:
CPAN Net XML

/etc/perl/CPAN:

/etc/perl/Net:
libnet.cfg

/etc/perl/XML:
SAX

/etc/perl/XML/SAX:
ParserDetails.ini

/etc/pm:
config.d power.d sleep.d

/etc/pm/config.d:

/etc/pm/power.d:

/etc/pm/sleep.d:

/etc/ppp:
chap-secrets ip-down.d ip-up.d ipv6-down.d ipv6-up.d pap-secrets
ip-down ip-up ipv6-down ipv6-up options peers

/etc/ppp/ip-down.d:
0000usepeerdns

/etc/ppp/ip-up.d:
0000usepeerdns exim4

/etc/ppp/ipv6-down.d:

/etc/ppp/ipv6-up.d:
ls: cannot open directory /etc/ppp/peers: Permission denied

/etc/pulse:
client.conf

/etc/python:
debian_config

/etc/python2.5:
sitecustomize.py

/etc/qt3:
qt_plugins_3.3rc

/etc/rc0.d:
K01kdm K20nvidia-glx S20sendsigs
K08vmware K20openbsd-inetd S30urandom
K11anacron K20upsd S31umountnfs.sh
K11atd K20virtualbox-ose S32portmap
K14network-manager K25hwclock.sh S35networking
K14network-manager-dispatcher K25mdadm S36ifupdown
K20apmd K50alsa-utils S40umountfs
K20avgd K63mountoverflowtmp S60mdadm-raid
K20dirmngr K86avahi-daemon S60umountroot
K20exim4 K90rsyslog S90halt
K20kerneloops README
K20nfs-common S15wpa-ifupdown

/etc/rc1.d:
K01kdm K20dirmngr K80cups
K11anacron K20exim4 K81portmap
K11atd K20kerneloops K84ssh
K11cron K20nfs-common K86avahi-daemon
K14network-manager K20nvidia-glx K88acpid
K14network-manager-dispatcher K20nvidia-kernel K88dbus
K16dhcdbd K20openbsd-inetd K90rsyslog
K16hal K20upsd README
K20apmd K20virtualbox-ose S30killprocs
K20avgd K25mdadm S90single

/etc/rc2.d:
K08vmware S20dirmngr S26network-manager
README S20exim4 S26network-manager-dispatcher
S05loadcpufreq S20kerneloops S89anacron
S10rsyslog S20nfs-common S89atd
S12acpid S20nvidia-glx S89cron
S12dbus S20nvidia-kernel S90vmware
S14avahi-daemon S20openbsd-inetd S99kdm
S16ssh S20upsd S99rc.local
S19cpufrequtils S20virtualbox-ose S99rmnologin
S20apmd S24dhcdbd S99stop-bootlogd
S20avgd S24hal
S20cups S25mdadm

/etc/rc3.d:
K08vmware S20dirmngr S26network-manager
README S20exim4 S26network-manager-dispatcher
S05loadcpufreq S20kerneloops S89anacron
S10rsyslog S20nfs-common S89atd
S12acpid S20nvidia-glx S89cron
S12dbus S20nvidia-kernel S90vmware
S14avahi-daemon S20openbsd-inetd S99kdm
S16ssh S20upsd S99rc.local
S19cpufrequtils S20virtualbox-ose S99rmnologin
S20apmd S24dhcdbd S99stop-bootlogd
S20avgd S24hal
S20cups S25mdadm

/etc/rc4.d:
README S20dirmngr S25mdadm
S05loadcpufreq S20exim4 S26network-manager
S10rsyslog S20kerneloops S26network-manager-dispatcher
S12acpid S20nfs-common S89anacron
S12dbus S20nvidia-glx S89atd
S14avahi-daemon S20nvidia-kernel S89cron
S16ssh S20openbsd-inetd S99kdm
S19cpufrequtils S20upsd S99rc.local
S20apmd S20virtualbox-ose S99rmnologin
S20avgd S24dhcdbd S99stop-bootlogd
S20cups S24hal

/etc/rc5.d:
K08vmware S20dirmngr S26network-manager
README S20exim4 S26network-manager-dispatcher
S05loadcpufreq S20kerneloops S89anacron
S10rsyslog S20nfs-common S89atd
S12acpid S20nvidia-glx S89cron
S12dbus S20nvidia-kernel S90vmware
S14avahi-daemon S20openbsd-inetd S99kdm
S16ssh S20upsd S99rc.local
S19cpufrequtils S20virtualbox-ose S99rmnologin
S20apmd S24dhcdbd S99stop-bootlogd
S20avgd S24hal
S20cups S25mdadm

/etc/rc6.d:
K01kdm K20nvidia-glx S20sendsigs
K08vmware K20openbsd-inetd S30urandom
K11anacron K20upsd S31umountnfs.sh
K11atd K20virtualbox-ose S32portmap
K14network-manager K25hwclock.sh S35networking
K14network-manager-dispatcher K25mdadm S36ifupdown
K20apmd K50alsa-utils S40umountfs
K20avgd K63mountoverflowtmp S60mdadm-raid
K20dirmngr K86avahi-daemon S60umountroot
K20exim4 K90rsyslog S90reboot
K20kerneloops README
K20nfs-common S15wpa-ifupdown

/etc/rcS.d:
README S18ifupdown-clean S43portmap
S01glibc.sh S20module-init-tools S44nfs-common
S02hostname.sh S25mdadm-raid S45mountnfs.sh
S02mountkernfs.sh S30checkfs.sh S46mountnfs-bootclean.sh
S03udev S30procps S48console-screen.sh
S04mountdevsubfs.sh S35mountall.sh S50alsa-utils
S05bootlogd S36mountall-bootclean.sh S55bootmisc.sh
S05keymap.sh S36udev-mtab S55urandom
S08hwclockfirst.sh S37mountoverflowtmp S70x11-common
S10checkroot.sh S38pppd-dns S75sudo
S11hwclock.sh S39ifupdown S99stop-bootlogd-single
S12mtab.sh S40networking

/etc/resolvconf:
update-libc.d

/etc/resolvconf/update-libc.d:
avahi-daemon

/etc/rsyslog.d:

/etc/sane.d:
abaton.conf dll.d ibm.conf sceptre.conf
agfafocus.conf dmc.conf leo.conf sharp.conf
apple.conf epjitsu.conf lexmark.conf sm3840.conf
artec.conf epkowa.conf ma1509.conf snapscan.conf
artec_eplus48u.conf epson2.conf matsushita.conf sp15c.conf
avision.conf epson.conf microtek2.conf st400.conf
bh.conf fujitsu.conf microtek.conf stv680.conf
canon630u.conf genesys.conf mustek.conf tamarack.conf
canon.conf geniusvp2.conf mustek_pp.conf teco1.conf
canon_pp.conf gphoto2.conf mustek_usb.conf teco2.conf
cardscan.conf gt68xx.conf nec.conf teco3.conf
coolscan2.conf hp3900.conf net.conf test.conf
coolscan.conf hp4200.conf pie.conf u12.conf
dc210.conf hp5400.conf plustek.conf umax1220u.conf
dc240.conf hp.conf plustek_pp.conf umax.conf
dc25.conf hp_rts88xx.conf qcam.conf umax_pp.conf
dell1600n_net.conf hpsj5s.conf ricoh.conf v4l.conf
dll.conf hs2p.conf s9036.conf

/etc/sane.d/dll.d:
hplip libsane-extras

/etc/security:
access.conf limits.conf namespace.init pam_env.conf time.conf
group.conf namespace.conf opasswd sepermit.conf

/etc/skel:

/etc/sound:
events

/etc/sound/events:
gnome-2.soundlist gtk-events-2.soundlist

/etc/ssh:
moduli sshd_config ssh_host_dsa_key.pub ssh_host_rsa_key.pub
ssh_config ssh_host_dsa_key ssh_host_rsa_key

/etc/ssl:
certs openssl.cnf private

/etc/ssl/certs:
00673b5b.0
02b73561.0
0481cb65.0
052e396b.0
06d75f4b.0
0c364b2d.0
0dbd0096.0
0e82f83a.0
10d149a2.0
111e6273.0
1155c94b.0
11a09b38.0
11f154d6.0
124bbd54.0
128b9c8d.0
12d55845.0
1689a10b.0
17b51fe6.0
19899da5.0
1dac3003.0
1dcd6f4c.0
219d9499.0
23f4c490.0
256fd83b.0
2edf7016.0
2fb1850a.0
31044350.0
33815e15.0
37cc56e0
37cc56e0.0
399e7759.0
3ad48a91.0
3c58f906.0
3c860d51.0
3e223c08.0
3e7271e8.0
408e388a.0
412bea73.0
4166ec0c.0
4184de39.0
4643210f.0
46b2fd3b.0
47996b5c.0
4d654d1d.0
4e18c148.0
4fbd6bfa.0
5046c355.0
54edfa5d.0
56b8a0b6.0
56e29e75.0
57692373.0
58a44af1.0
58a44af1.1
594f1775.0
5a3f0ff8.0
5a5372fc.0
5cf9d536.0
5ed36f99.0
635ccfd5.0
69105f4f.0
6adf0799.0
6e52cc39.0
6e8bf996.0
6f5d9899.0
6fcc125d.0
709afd2b.0
72bf6a04.0
72fa7371.0
731f03a5.0
74c26bd0.0
755f7420.0
75680d2e.0
7651b327.0
76579174.0
788c9bfc.0
7999be0d.0
7a819ef2.0
7d3cd826.0
7d453d8f.0
819a45f6.0
81b9768f.0
8317b10c.0
8470719d.0
84cba82f.0
86f32474.0
87753b0d.0
8f7b96c4.0
8fe643df.0
9339512a.0
95750816.0
9772ca32.0
97b4211c.0
9ec3a561.0
a0bc6fbb.0
a145806c.0
a15b3b6b.0
a2df7ad7.0
a3896b44.0
a6776c69.0
a7605362.0
aaa45464.0
ABAecom_=sub.__Am._Bankers_Assn.=_Root_CA.pem
add67345.0
AddTrust_External_Root.pem
AddTrust_Low-Value_Services_Root.pem
AddTrust_Public_Services_Root.pem
AddTrust_Qualified_Certificates_Root.pem
America_Online_Root_Certification_Authority_1.pem
America_Online_Root_Certification_Authority_2.pem
AOL_Time_Warner_Root_Certification_Authority_1.pem
AOL_Time_Warner_Root_Certification_Authority_2.pem
b0f3e76e.0
b3fec4ff.0
b5f329fa.0
b8609e8a.0
Baltimore_CyberTrust_Root.pem
bcdd5959.0
bda4cc84.0
bdacca6f.0
beTRUSTed_Root_CA-Baltimore_Implementation.pem
beTRUSTed_Root_CA_-_Entrust_Implementation.pem
beTRUSTed_Root_CA.pem
beTRUSTed_Root_CA_-_RSA_Implementation.pem
bf64f35b.0
bf87590f.0
brasil.gov.br.pem
c19d42c7.0
c215bc69.0
c33a80d4.0
c527e4ab.0
c9bc75ba.0
ca-certificates.crt
cacert.org.pem
Camerfirma_Chambers_of_Commerce_Root.pem
Camerfirma_Global_Chambersign_Root.pem
ca.pem
cb796bc1.0
ccb919f9.0
cdaebb72.0
cert_igca_dsa.pem
cert_igca_rsa.pem
Certplus_Class_2_Primary_CA.pem
Certum_Root_CA.pem
cf701eeb.0
class3.pem
Comodo_AAA_Services_root.pem
COMODO_Certification_Authority.pem
Comodo_Secure_Services_root.pem
Comodo_Trusted_Services_root.pem
d2adc77d.0
d537fba6.0
d78a75c7.0
d8274e24.0
ddc328ff.0
deutsche-telekom-root-ca-2.pem
DigiCert_Assured_ID_Root_CA.pem
DigiCert_Global_Root_CA.pem
DigiCert_High_Assurance_EV_Root_CA.pem
Digital_Signature_Trust_Co._Global_CA_1.pem
Digital_Signature_Trust_Co._Global_CA_2.pem
Digital_Signature_Trust_Co._Global_CA_3.pem
Digital_Signature_Trust_Co._Global_CA_4.pem
DST_ACES_CA_X6.pem
DST_Root_CA_X3.pem
e268a4c5.0
e5662767.0
e60bf0c0.0
e775ed2d.0
e7b8d656.0
ed049835.0
ed524cf5.0
ed62f4e3.0
ee7cd6fb.0
Entrust.net_Global_Secure_Personal_CA.pem
Entrust.net_Global_Secure_Server_CA.pem
Entrust.net_Premium_2048_Secure_Server_CA.pem
Entrust.net_Secure_Personal_CA.pem
Entrust.net_Secure_Server_CA.pem
Entrust_Root_Certification_Authority.pem
Equifax_Secure_CA.pem
Equifax_Secure_eBusiness_CA_1.pem
Equifax_Secure_eBusiness_CA_2.pem
Equifax_Secure_Global_eBusiness_CA.pem
f3cf1e8e.0
f4996e82.0
f64d9715.0
f73e89fd.0
f950ccc2.0
facacbc6.0
ff783690.0
Firmaprofesional_Root_CA.pem
GeoTrust_Global_CA_2.pem
GeoTrust_Global_CA.pem
GeoTrust_Primary_Certification_Authority.pem
GeoTrust_Universal_CA_2.pem
GeoTrust_Universal_CA.pem
GlobalSign_Root_CA.pem
GlobalSign_Root_CA_-_R2.pem
Go_Daddy_Class_2_CA.pem
GTE_CyberTrust_Global_Root.pem
GTE_CyberTrust_Root_CA.pem
IPS_Chained_CAs_root.pem
IPS_CLASE1_root.pem
IPS_CLASE3_root.pem
IPS_CLASEA1_root.pem
IPS_CLASEA3_root.pem
IPS_Servidores_root.pem
IPS_Timestamping_root.pem
NetLock_Business_=Class_B=_Root.pem
NetLock_Express_=Class_C=_Root.pem
NetLock_Notary_=Class_A=_Root.pem
NetLock_Qualified_=Class_QA=_Root.pem
QuoVadis_Root_CA_2.pem
QuoVadis_Root_CA_3.pem
QuoVadis_Root_CA.pem
QuoVadis_Root_Certification_Authority.pem
root.pem
RSA_Root_Certificate_1.pem
RSA_Security_1024_v3.pem
RSA_Security_2048_v3.pem
Secure_Global_CA.pem
SecureTrust_CA.pem
Security_Communication_Root_CA.pem
signet_ca1_pem.pem
signet_ca2_pem.pem
signet_ca3_pem.pem
signet_ocspklasa2_pem.pem
signet_ocspklasa3_pem.pem
signet_pca2_pem.pem
signet_pca3_pem.pem
signet_rootca_pem.pem
signet_tsa1_pem.pem
Sonera_Class_1_Root_CA.pem
Sonera_Class_2_Root_CA.pem
spi-ca-2003.pem
spi-cacert-2008.pem
ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
Staat_der_Nederlanden_Root_CA.pem
Starfield_Class_2_CA.pem
StartCom_Certification_Authority.pem
StartCom_Ltd..pem
Swisscom_Root_CA_1.pem
SwissSign_Gold_CA_-_G2.pem
SwissSign_Platinum_CA_-_G2.pem
SwissSign_Silver_CA_-_G2.pem
Taiwan_GRCA.pem
TC_TrustCenter__Germany__Class_2_CA.pem
TC_TrustCenter__Germany__Class_3_CA.pem
TDC_Internet_Root_CA.pem
TDC_OCES_Root_CA.pem
Thawte_Personal_Basic_CA.pem
Thawte_Personal_Freemail_CA.pem
Thawte_Personal_Premium_CA.pem
Thawte_Premium_Server_CA.pem
thawte_Primary_Root_CA.pem
Thawte_Server_CA.pem
Thawte_Time_Stamping_CA.pem
TURKTRUST_Certificate_Services_Provider_Root_1.pem
TURKTRUST_Certificate_Services_Provider_Root_2.pem
UTN_DATACorp_SGC_Root_CA.pem
UTN_USERFirst_Email_Root_CA.pem
UTN_USERFirst_Hardware_Root_CA.pem
UTN-USER_First-Network_Applications.pem
UTN_USERFirst_Object_Root_CA.pem
ValiCert_Class_1_VA.pem
ValiCert_Class_2_VA.pem
Verisign_Class_1_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G2.pem
Verisign_Class_1_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G3.pem
Verisign_Class_1_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority.pem
Verisign_Class_2_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G2.pem
Verisign_Class_2_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G3.pem
Verisign_Class_2_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority.pem
Verisign_Class_3_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G2.pem
Verisign_Class_3_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G3.pem
VeriSign_Class_3_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G5.pem
Verisign_Class_3_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority.pem
Verisign_Class_4_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G2.pem
Verisign_Class_4_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G3.pem
Verisign_RSA_Secure_Server_CA.pem
Verisign_Time_Stamping_Authority_CA.pem
Visa_eCommerce_Root.pem
Visa_International_Global_Root_2.pem
Wells_Fargo_Root_CA.pem
XRamp_Global_CA_Root.pem
ls: cannot open directory /etc/ssl/private: Permission denied

/etc/sysctl.d:

/etc/terminfo:
README

/etc/texmf:
dvipdfm fmt.d metafont texdoctk texmf.d web2c
dvips language.d tex texmf.cnf updmap.d xdvi

/etc/texmf/dvipdfm:
config

/etc/texmf/dvipdfm/config:
config

/etc/texmf/dvips:
config

/etc/texmf/dvips/config:
alt-rule.pro config.deskjet config.mbn config.toshiba dvired.cfg
canonex.cfg config.dvired config.mga config.unms epson.cfg
config.bakoma config.epson config.mirrorprint config.xyp ibmvga.cfg
config.canonex config.ibmvga config.ot2 cx.cfg ljfour.cfg
config.cms config.ljfour config.ps deskjet.cfg qms.cfg
config.cx config.luc config.qms dfaxhigh.cfg toshiba.cfg

/etc/texmf/fmt.d:
00tex.cnf 10texlive-base.cnf 50cyrtexinfo.cnf

/etc/texmf/language.d:
00tex.cnf 09texlive-base.cnf

/etc/texmf/metafont:
misc

/etc/texmf/metafont/misc:
modes.mf

/etc/texmf/tex:
generic

/etc/texmf/tex/generic:
config

/etc/texmf/tex/generic/config:
pdftexconfig.tex

/etc/texmf/texdoctk:
texdocrc.defaults

/etc/texmf/texmf.d:
05TeXMF.cnf 45TeXinputs.cnf 65BibTeX.cnf 85Misc.cnf 95NonPath.cnf
15Plain.cnf 55Fonts.cnf 75DviPS.cnf 90TeXDoc.cnf

/etc/texmf/updmap.d:
00updmap.cfg 10texlive-base.cfg 10texlive-fonts-recommended.cfg

/etc/texmf/web2c:
mktex.cnf

/etc/texmf/xdvi:
XDvi xdvi.cfg

/etc/udev:
alsa-utils.rules libmtp7.rules logitechmouse.rules udev.conf
libgphoto2.rules links.conf rules.d

/etc/udev/rules.d:
024_hpmud.rules 75-cd-aliases-generator.rules
025_libgphoto2.rules 75-persistent-net-generator.rules
025_logitechmouse.rules 80-drivers.rules
11-hplj10xx.rules 90-hal.rules
45-hplip.rules 91-permissions.rules
50-udev.rules 95-late.rules
55-hpmud.rules libmtp7.rules
60-persistent-input.rules z60_alsa-utils.rules
60-persistent-storage.rules z60_libpisock9.rules
60-persistent-storage-tape.rules z60_libsane-extras.rules
60-persistent-v4l.rules z60_libsane.rules
65_mdadm.vol_id.rules z60_virtualbox-ose.rules
70-persistent-cd.rules z60_xserver-xorg-input-wacom.rules
70-persistent-net.rules

/etc/vbox:
interfaces vbox.cfg

/etc/vde2:

/etc/vga:
dvorak-us.keymap libvga.config libvga.et4000 null.keymap

/etc/vim:
vimrc vimrc.tiny

/etc/vmware:
config installer.sh locations service vmnet1
hostd license.cfg netmap.conf ssl vmnet8
icu license.vs.1.0-00 pam.d state webAccess

/etc/vmware/hostd:
authorization-template.xml env proxy-template.xml
authorization.xml environments.xml proxy.xml
config-defs.xml hwInfo.xml settings-defs.xml
config-template.xml key.pub vmAutoStart.xml
config.xml mockup-linux.vha vmInventory-template.xml
datastores-template.xml npivwwn.xml vmInventory.xml
datastores.xml pools.xml

/etc/vmware/hostd/env:
server-hw3.xml vmconfigoption-server-2.0.0-hw3.xml
server-hw4.xml vmconfigoption-server-2.0.0-hw4.xml
server-hw6.xml vmconfigoption-server-2.0.0-hw6.xml
server-hw7.xml vmconfigoption-server-2.0.0-hw7.xml

/etc/vmware/pam.d:
vmware-authd

/etc/vmware/service:
services.xml

/etc/vmware/ssl:
rui.crt rui.key

/etc/vmware/state:
config

/etc/vmware/vmnet1:
dhcpd

/etc/vmware/vmnet1/dhcpd:
dhcpd.conf dhcpd.leases dhcpd.leases~

/etc/vmware/vmnet8:
dhcpd nat

/etc/vmware/vmnet8/dhcpd:
dhcpd.conf dhcpd.leases dhcpd.leases~

/etc/vmware/vmnet8/nat:
nat.conf

/etc/vmware/webAccess:
log4j.properties login.properties proxy.properties

/etc/vmware-vix:
installer.sh locations

/etc/w3m:
config mailcap

/etc/wpa_supplicant:
functions.sh ifupdown.sh

/etc/X11:
app-defaults X Xresources XvMCConfig
default-display-manager xinit xserver Xwrapper.config
fonts xkb Xsession
rgb.txt xorg.conf Xsession.d
twm xorg.conf.backup Xsession.options

/etc/X11/app-defaults:
Bitmap UXTerm XConsole XLogo XScreenSaver
Bitmap-color Viewres Xditview XLogo-color XScreenSaver-nogl
Bitmap-nocase XCalc Xditview-chrtr Xmag XSm
Clock-color XCalc-color Xfd Xman XTerm
Editres XClipboard XFontSel Xmessage XTerm-color
Editres-color XClock Xgc Xmessage-color Xvidtune
KOI8RXTerm XClock-color XLoad XMore

/etc/X11/fonts:
100dpi 75dpi misc Type1

/etc/X11/fonts/100dpi:
xfonts-100dpi.alias

/etc/X11/fonts/75dpi:
xfonts-75dpi.alias

/etc/X11/fonts/misc:
xfonts-base.alias

/etc/X11/fonts/Type1:
xfonts-scalable.scale

/etc/X11/twm:
menudefs.hook system.twmrc system.twmrc-menu

/etc/X11/xinit:
xinitrc xserverrc

/etc/X11/xkb:
base.xml

/etc/X11/Xresources:
x11-common

/etc/X11/xserver:
SecurityPolicy

/etc/X11/Xsession.d:
20x11-common_process-args 75dbus_dbus-launch
30x11-common_xresources 90gpg-agent
40x11-common_xsessionrc 90x11-common_ssh-agent
50x11-common_determine-startup 99x11-common_start

/etc/xdg:
autostart menus

/etc/xdg/autostart:
kerneloops-applet.desktop

/etc/xdg/menus:
applications-merged kde-applications.menu kde-screensavers.menu
debian-menu.menu kde-information.menu kde-settings.menu

/etc/xdg/menus/applications-merged:
kde-essential.menu kde-multimedia-music.menu

/etc/xfe:
xferc
 
Old 02-03-2010, 05:28 PM   #13
tredegar
LQ 5k Club
 
Registered: May 2003
Location: London, UK
Distribution: Debian "Jessie"
Posts: 6,085

Rep: Reputation: 398Reputation: 398Reputation: 398Reputation: 398
worm5252,
Quote:
You will get an output similar to this.
I don't think we needed you to post all that. [Scroll-wheel-finger now has RSI ]
What was the point of your post?
 
Old 02-03-2010, 05:58 PM   #14
chrism01
LQ Guru
 
Registered: Aug 2004
Location: Sydney
Distribution: Centos 6.8, Centos 5.10
Posts: 17,240

Rep: Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324Reputation: 2324
@tredegar: seconded
 
  


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