How far through the install have you proceeded?
Things I would expect, when you first boot from the CD/DVD, did you get a screen with some options to run a live system, or install from the CD/DVD?
Did you partition the disk, and format the partition(s)?
Did you see messages indicating the install proceeded? ie code was copied from the CD to the hard drive?
And what version of Ubuntu are you trying to install?
Did you verify the download .iso file with a md5sum check?
How did you burn the image?
The images you posted are from Busybox, it gives you a command prompt, and you can see a list of commands that it can run.
Please answer each question to the best of your ability, and we'll go from there.
You should be able to boot the CD/DVD as a live system. This means you do not have to install anything to your hard drive in order to run linux. Did you do that? This helps to verify your hardware is supported.
I don't have any reason to suspect there is a hardware problem at this point.