So it looks like your libstdc++ is expecting an older version of GLIBC. Most people experience the problem of having something too old, not too new
Did you install the c++ libraries manually or via your distribution's GUI installer? what about rpm -qa |grep libstdc++
. Does this give you a version?
If I am right and your libstdc++ is newer than your GLIBC and you definately need a newer version of the libstdc++ I'm not sure what to suggest. In my experience GLIBC isn't something you can easily update or upgrade as a lot of your RPMs will be built aginst this GLIBC. New GLIBC usually means new version of your distro. You could try googling it, of course.
If you are a newbie interested in how a linux distibution is assembled then it's worth looking at www.linuxfromscratch.org
They detail how to build you own linux distribution. It's worth having a go at to learn how linux works but you wouldn't get a very useful installation without an awful lot of work.