Using Linux and Windows: How to partition properly?
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Ok basically I wanted to install Linux yesterday, but now I bought a new Harddrive. A 320 GB SATA one. Now... I plan to do it that way: Make the 120 GB Linux only and the 320 GB FAT32 (vfat). What do you think bout it?
I mean... still partition like I wanted it earlier.
320GB Drive: 320 GB FAT32
and 120 GB Drive:
110 GB /home using ext3
5 GB /usr using ext3
1,5 GB swap
1,45 GB /tmp using ext3
1 GB /var using ext3
1 GB /(root) using ext3
50 MB /boot using ext2
I know it is some really weird turnaround in my plannings, but I guess that would be the best decision? One HD for Windows, one HD for Linux and one HD for all the data. Is it even possible to make 320 GB FAT32? Thanks in advance again
Yeah 1 hd for WIN and one for LINUX is great thing , I woud just say you decrese your
110 gb /home to 108 gb
and INCREASE your
1.5gb SWAP to 3.5gb
just i believe more swap on HD helps , cant say if you have a looot of ram , but they say you should have twice as more swap as ram but i have 4gb SWAP that is displayed 3.7 gb (you know some factors eat space so usable space is different then given space) and 256 mb ram
and feel my pc faster then in comparision to when I had 2gb swap
Why dont you give XFS or JFS a shot , they are faster then ext3 (as far as i have noticed and heard )
i have had bad experiences with REISER
Why split up the drive into partitions? It makes adjustment more difficult later as your needs change. Putting /boot on its own partition dates back to the days where BIOS/Firmware limitations demanded the kernel be within (n) number of cylinders of the beginning of the disk, and splitting up /home, /var, /usr, etc. between different partitions on different drives was because back in the day 10MB hard drives were standard, 40MB hard drives were HUGE, and RAID controllers were both very expensive and very proprietary.
Just set it up as follows:
(substitute sd for hd if on SCSI or SATA)
/dev/hda1 = / == (size of the HDD --2GB)
/dev/hda2 = swap (you cannot have too much swap, but you can have too little, and disk space is CHEAP)
Later, if you decide you NEED home on a 750GB hdd, you can very easily boot to single user mode, mv /home /mnt/newdrive/home, change fstab to mount /home on /dev/sdb1, then reboot.
If running a single hard drive, keep the entire filesystem on a single partition and make it easy on yourself. on a Windows box, if doing NLE or lots of compiling, I would recommend splitting it up due to fragmentation concerns, but that's largely a non-issue in the Unix world.
It's probably a good idea to have /home be it's own partition. The others aren't as big a deal. The advantage to the multiple partitions is if you have problems there is more chance of saving stuff that is important to you. And while yes HD's are pretty reliable these days, that doesn't help if say a toddler walks up and powers off your machine while you are using it.
Although probarly nobody cares: my new HDD arrived today, I installed it already and let SeaTools check for errors (insane 3:30 hours checking time and full load of HDD!!). I'm downloading Knoppix right now to partition it FAT32, then I'll make a backup of my HDDs and install Linux. I look forward to it!
BTW: If I make an image of my drives, are these always full capacy or just what's really on the disk (I mean if 40 GB of my 120 GB drive are free, will the image be 80 or 120 GB)