Device files are provided on a first-come-first-serve basis and are provided as needed. So I doubt this is possible.
However, using an entry in /etc/fstab it is possible to assign a preferred path and mount point for external storage devices. For a device specific path, use the UUID of the device.
Read more about this here
Although the Ubuntu Wiki
is a little easier to follow.
As an aside, I have an external, usb connected drive that I use frequently. I wanted this to mount automatically and with consistency. But I didn't want any error messages if the drive was not available. Using the drives UUID, I add the following line to my /etc/fstab file;
UUID="1a5e41b5-01e6-46b6-8400-cf4ba647383a" /media/qlue/wd-backup/ ext4 defaults,nofail 0 2
This causes the drive to mount with a consistent path if connected during boot and even if connected after the system has already booted.
Note that I also created the directory qlue/ in /media/ and the directory wd-backup/ in /media/qlue/ although I think that this may not alway be needed depending on the distro. (some distros may create these paths as needed but I'm not certain.)