Linux - NewbieThis Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question?
If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
im having trouble with my video card,when i load the knoppix live cd v3.4, i can only use the 800x600 frame buffer,any resolution beside that the screen appears fuzzy...ive tried everything,but nothing works...the same happens when instaling redhat 9 in grafic mode(even with the lowres option)
my card is a Wistron Corporation geforce go 488(in windows,geforce 4 MX 440 with agp 8x) ...what is wrong?
anyone knows what distro will work on my hardware?
im a newbie and i dont know much about linux/Unix commands...
thanks for the atention
im using a notebook (Tsunami walker 1847)with the following specs
(taken with SiSsoftware Sandra):
Model : Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 CPU 3.06GHz
Speed : 3.06GHz
Performance Rating : PR3370 (estimated)
Type : Standard
L2 On-board Cache : 512kB ECC Synchronous ATC (8-way sectored, 64 byte line size)
Bus(es) : ISA AGP PCI PCMCIA CardBus USB FireWire/1394 i2c/SMBus
MP Support : 1 CPU(s)
MP APIC : No
System BIOS : Phoenix Technologies LTD R01-A2N
Total Memory : 509MB DDR-SDRAM
Model : Wistron Corporation SiS648 CPU to PCI Bridge
Front Side Bus Speed : 4x 133MHz (532MHz data rate)
Total Memory : 512MB DDR-SDRAM
Memory Bus Speed : 2x 133MHz (266MHz data rate)
Monitor/Panel : TFT XGA(1024x768 max)
Monitor/Panel : Monitor Plug and Play
Adapter : NVIDIA GeForce4 MX 440 with AGP8X
(more detailed info)
Device Type : VGA Video Adapter
Device ID : bus 1, device 0, function 0
Windows Device Name : NVIDIA GeForce4 MX 440 with AGP8X
OEM Device Name : Nvidia Corp Geforce4 488 Go
OEM Hardware ID : FUN_0, VEN_10DE, DEV_0187, REV_A2
Device Name : Wistron Corporation Geforce4 488 Go
Product ID : VEN_17C0, DEV_205E
Revision : K / 3 (162)
Power Management Features
Version : 2.00
Supports Clock Slow-down : Yes
Supports D1 PM State : No
Supports D2 PM State : No
Supports PME# : No
Supports PME Clock : No
Version : 3.00
Command Queue Length : 32
Fast-Writes Support : Yes
Over 4GB Addressing Support : No
Isochronous Mode Support : No
Addressing Support : 32-bit
Data Transfer Modes Support : 4x 8x
Latency Timer : 248 clk
I/O port resources : Yes
Memory resources : Yes
Bus Master Capable : Yes
Special Cycle Recognition : No
Memory Write & Invalidate : No
VGA Palette Snoop : No
Parity Error Response : No
Address/Data Stepping : No
System Error Line : No
Fast back-to-back Transactions : No
Detects Parity Errors : No
Supports System Error Line : No
Supports Parity Line : No
User Defined Format : No
66MHz Bus Support : Yes
New Capability List : Yes
Device Select Timing : Medium
Multi-Function Device : No
Header : 00
Interface : 00
Memory Range : ED000000
Memory Range : F0000000
Irq. No. : 19
INT Pin : A#
Dynamic Management : Yes
Well I'm a newbie myself. So this is from one newbie to another
Try installing the Geforce drivers for linux. Go to www.nvidia.com and download the specific drivers u need. Then all graphics problems should be solved most probably. Dont forget to make changes in the XF86Config file. (read the documentation in the Nvidia site)
hi,thanks for the reply!
i do not have any distro installed on my HD...should i install,for example RHAT,and run it in text mode(level2?),and then install the driver?because the image on screen is way too fuzzy to see anything...well its better for me too read more documentation about unix commands...:-)
Firstly, the driver will 'have' to be installed in text mode (that is Runlevel 2 or 3). The X server has to be shut down.
Secondly, the driver will definitely work for a distro installed on your hard-disk (if everything goes right.) So installing Redhat on the hard disk will be a good thing to do.
Thirdly, the driver that you will install in redhat will NOT work for knoppix. And since you dont have any distro installed on your hard disk, I assume that you want to use Knoppix more than Redhat.
If you want to install drivers for knoppix, then you will have to do some research on that. (Unless ofcourse some nice guy reading this thread decides to help you with the problem) For knoppix you may need to use cheatcodes or something...
For redhat (or any distro that u install) here is what to do:
1) Download the proper drivers.
2) Shut down the X server. This can be done by CTRL+ALT+BACKSPACE. If this just restarts the X server, then go to any terminal (CTRL+ALT+F1 or CTRL+ALT+F2 and so on). In this terminal, login as root and type init 3. If it doesn't work, try /sbin/init 3.
3) Now you will be in RunLevel 3. The X server is shut down. Go to the directory that has the Nvidia driver.
4) Type "sh <filename.sh>" (without the "commas")
5) The installer will start, just follow the instructions.
6) After the driver is installed, "cd /etc/X11/"
7) Make a backup of the XF86Config file, just in case by doing this:
"cp ./XF86Config ./XF86Config.backup"
8) Now you must edit your XF86Config file to load the driver you just installed. To do this you can type "pico ./XF86Config" Pico is easy to use. But if you dont have it, you can try any other text editor such as vim or emacs. You can also start your "fuzzy" X server and use "gedit"
9) Make the neseccary changes in the XF86Config file. Most probably, the only thing that you have to do is go to the Graphics section and change the driver name to what the Nvidia documentation tells u to. It will look something like this:
Driver "<the specific name given by the nvidia help-file> "
# Insert Clocks lines here if appropriate
10) Now start/restart X. If the fuzziness is not gone, you will need to change the resolution from 800x600 to something better. Make sure the monitor resfesh rates are also proper.
11) In case of any problems, you can rename the XF86Config.backup file we made to XF86Config.
It is possible that the reason for your trouble is this:
In your hardware list it says that you have 512 MB RAM and that 509 of it is in use. Do you have an integrated video card that uses system RAM? If yes, change BIOS settings and allow video card to use as much RAM as possible. If I am right, current settings allow video card to use only 3MB of RAM. It is not enough for geforce to work.
Hi,thanks akudewan and MATJA_KAE_92 for your replies...
my card is integrated in the mainboard (its a notebook!) ,but,has no shared memory,if thats what you mean,MATJA_KAE_92...theres no way to change anything in the BIOS related to the video card...
i will try what akudewan said...but its kind of odd this is happening to me..my card is supported by Xfree86...at least it appears in xf86cfg...i´ve been talking to a guy and he said it could be the refresh rate...i will research about that and try again...