What is your distro and how did you install it. If you installed from CD's you can probably use your package management system and install what you need. Emacs is available as one of the packages.
Look at this line from the information on the emacs package: rpm -qi emacs
Basic package for the GNU Emacs editor. Requires emacs-x11 or
If you don't have x windows installed, then install the emacs-nox package instead of the emacs-x11 to obtain the needed fonts. If you can't find the emacs-nox package for your distro, try the http://rpm.pbone.net
website. The website is convenient for finding and downloading dependencies that you need also.