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Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
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Hi. Answering your question about the firewall, linux does come with a firewall and when installing your distro it will ask if you would like to enable it. Linux also comes with a feature called SELinux (Security Enhanched Linux) which you can also enable during install (go to the NSA website and look for SELinux for info). Sorry but I do not know much about how these features actually work though. About the drivers, Linux usually recognises hardware but if you have an uncommon card you may need to contact the manufacturer about linux drivers.
Security in Linux is a lot better than Windows. Linux comes with iptables/netfilter which is handled by the kernel. There are some projects that can help setup iptables/netfilter such as shorewall, firewall builder, firestarter.
In Linux, software that controls hardware is called modules, but they can be called as drivers too.
If you are using on-board sound, it will work, but a software mixer needs to be used like ALSA dmix library, esound, arts in order to handle multiple PCM or sound streams.
Most PATA or IDE/EIDE/ATA controllers are supported. In some cases like ATI, it works better in Linux. I do not recommend using SATA controllers from nVidia, VIA, ALI, SIS, ULi, Intel, Promise, and ATI. The software for these hardware have to be reversed engineer which is an endless battle.
If you have an nVidia graphics card, its installation and setup process is very, very easy just like it is in Windows. ATI's installation and setup process needs more work. I suggest do not use their config utility to edit Linux GUI file because neither ATI and nVidia configurer are not smart. I recomend editing the file your self which is very easy because it is all plain text.
Most of them are working, but they are trial and error processes that are SAA713x or cx88 based. I prefer video capture cards with SAA713x because it provides clearer picture than others. PVR cards are supported too.
You can either use WINE (WINE is not an Emulator) and Cedega. I finally made the plunge into Cedega waters. Somes it is bath water and other times it is freezing. Actually WINE is an emulator in a sense that it translates the Windows API commands into Linux GUI commands (X11).
Just about any motherboards works even SIS and ATI. If ATI boards are giving you trouble in Windows, than Linux is the right choice even though it has been reversed engineered.
Wired NIC/Wireless NIC:
I strongly recommend using wired NICs because Linux supports them well. Most Wireless NIC have to be used with a ndis wrapper which slows the computer. I suggest wired to wireless bridges (aka access points) to make it easier for you and take the load off your computer when doing conversion and encryption.
You can pick any Linux distribution that you want. I read that Ubuntu is easy to use. I have used Mandrake Linux (now it is Mandriva), but I only like Mandrake Linux 9.0 and hate their latest versions. They had a screw loose when setting up version 10. Most everybody uses Fedora. IMHO, Fedora uses their own langauge to config it self which is dependent with GUI. There SUSE that is proprietary utilities. People argue that OpenSUSE is not priorpetary, but they are still priorpetary. Slackware, Debian, and Gentoo are the next distributions that are good. If you really want to learn Linux, then either one of these are good. I prefer Gentoo because it is organized, compiles programs, customizable, handles nVidia and ATI libraries correctly, and only have to look at one place to browse and get programs. If you do not have any space or you still do not want to jump in, Knoppix is good starter distribution that runs from the CD or DVD.
Try using Knoppix when doing your assignment. Programes like Abiword, Kword, and OpenOffice are good word processors, but OpenOffice feels like Word Perfect and MS Word all in one. You will get a feel of Linux when using Knoppix with out ever having to commit to Linux at first.
Mainly because it's said to run at very good speeds.
I've already downloaded the ISO for standard edition 5.1. With installation, I can just pop in the CD, and install it right? It'll have an option to format C: (where my Windows is installed) and install onto C:, rather than D: (I have partitioned my harddrive, C: D?
Because one problem I've always had with Windows is, I pop in the CD, I tell it to format C: and re-install onto C:, but it'll install onto the second partition. That won't happen when I try to install VL will it?
Last edited by bitsnpieces; 10-01-2006 at 03:52 AM.
Read up about partitions. Linux needs a different kind of formatting to "live" on than windows. You should be able to do all of it in the install, but read up (key words: partitioning, grub, lilo) so you know what is going on.
remember above all to BACKUP EVERYTHING IMPORTANT BEFORE YOU INSTALL LINUX!
That said, a linux install is used to living next to other OS's, windows is greedy and wants the whole computer.
DL & read GNU Grub 0.97 man or Boot XP CD R=Repair, fixmbr helps alot system no boot
Sections of Grub manual are very informative for migrators, esp 3, 4.12. When you start computer & stare @ grub
Voila you can get back into windows OK, but then must read more.
Originally Posted by bitsnpieces
keyword partitioning, but grub and lilo? The odd uniqueness of Linux I'm guessing? :P
LILO is older Grub newer.
I found FC5 & Kubuntu easier so far than others I tried. check my tag. d8d