ok... to start off, "make" is a program that will do all the compiling, and usually the installation. it runs by using the "Makefile" in the directory.
it sounds like you don't have it installed. i'd go over the packages that you installed with the fresh installation. you need to have some development tools. some common ones :
gnu make package
... and come to think of it... there's a lot more. install them as they're needed
also, check your PATH variable; type "echo $PATH" at the command prompt. you should get something like this :