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Old 01-01-2011, 05:02 PM   #1
jsandroid
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Registered: Jan 2011
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Slackware 13.1 wont boot with ubuntu studio and xp installed too


Hey everyone, I'm at my wits end looking for help. I have this old box that I used at school that I wanted to re-purpose and use. So i decided to that I wanted to run xp, ubuntu studio and slackware so I can learn about linux and do some other things with xp. I think I got through the installatiosa all fine and dandy, and I installed grub for my boot loader, I can boot into studio and xp, but I cant get into slackware.

the grub boot menu is sorta funky too, it shows a generic and recovery mode for studio which is fine, and then another option for xp, some memory test boot option, but then for slackware it shows "Slackware Linux (Slackware 13.1.0) (on /dev/sda4) four times in a row.

If I select any of them they all end up with some error; the third SW [slackware] option down the list of the repeated 4 allows me to sign into root, but when I type "startx" i get :

(EE) intel(0): No kernel modesetting driver detected
(EE) Screen(s) found, but none have a usable configuration

Fatal server error:
no screens found

but thats with a lot of other text above that.


I am sorry that this was probably poorly described, I am just a but upset about this whole thing, I've been beating my head against the wall trying to figure it out.

if you need any more details, please dont hesitate to request for them. I'm going to take some time and cool down.

Thank you in advance for your assistance


oh...i forgot to mention that I'm trying to get these three OSes running from one HD. I've partitioned the 80 gig drive as follows

Primary 40 G NTSF for XP
Primary 2G Linux Swap
Primary 16G Slackware
Primary 18 U Studio
Primary
 
Old 01-01-2011, 05:53 PM   #2
Drakeo
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So tell me your host system Slackware ubuntu or U studio. ansewer me then read on
for slackware using lilo let me know
for grub one just press esc then ok or if in menu toggle to the system you want to boot if slackware /boot/vminuz root=/dev/your_drive ro vga normal

if you want to live in the ubuntu world with grub2 then sudo update-grub and prey it reads your bios and your system maps.
other wise install grub 1 and stop fighting it. or take time and learn. I want you to read this here it got me to boot all my systems and it works.
you just have to figure out your drives from bios from the host system
Quote:
fdisk -l
. you will be able to temporary boot any system on you machine.
but it is only temporary you will then learn how to update your grub and correct the problem.

Last edited by Drakeo; 01-01-2011 at 06:02 PM.
 
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Old 01-02-2011, 05:25 AM   #3
dreamwalking
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Lilo would have made your life easier, but since you (of what I gather) have set grub through Ubunty, you have to log in Ubuntu and have a look at the /boot/grub/menu.lst file. The messy menu and the multiple entries are probably a result of this file being a bit too messy.

From what I understand, Slackware is installed just fine, you just need to configure Grub correctly and then configure your X in Slack (xorgsetup will help generate a basic /etc/X11/xorg.conf file).
 
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Old 01-02-2011, 06:22 AM   #4
brianL
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Quote:
Originally Posted by jsandroid View Post
but then for slackware it shows "Slackware Linux (Slackware 13.1.0) (on /dev/sda4) four times in a row.
Looks like it's detecting all 4 kernels in Slack's /boot.

Quote:
Originally Posted by jsandroid View Post
If I select any of them they all end up with some error; the third SW [slackware] option down the list of the repeated 4 allows me to sign into root, but when I type "startx" i get :

(EE) intel(0): No kernel modesetting driver detected
(EE) Screen(s) found, but none have a usable configuration

Fatal server error:
no screens found

but thats with a lot of other text above that.
Boot into that choice, then as root, run this:
Code:
adduser whatever name you want
Accept all the default options (press Enter). Then when you've created that user account, logout (exit) as root, login as the new user, then try running startx again.
 
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Old 01-02-2011, 10:19 AM   #5
jsandroid
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@brianL

I added a user then tried to run the "startx" command while I was logged into the new user account but I received the same error described above.

@dreamwalking
I don't have a menu.lst file does that mean I installed grub incorrectly? I ran xorgsetup beforeand it generated an xorg.conf file successfully. I can post it here if you wish.

@Drakeo
I'm sorry, I didn't fully understand everything that you wrote; thank you for the link, I read through the edit mode, but I didn't know what to do with the information. I tried fiddling around with what I read, but I wasn't able to accomplish anything. What portion of the page helped you the most so that I can reread it? I'm in the process of reading some other pages that were linked.

I entered grub edit mode and made sure that the third slackware option [the one that would allow me to log into root or user account via command line] had the
Quote:
/boot/vminuz root=/dev/your_drive ro vga normal
in which I changed the "your_drive" to the drive SW was installed to. This however led to the same result of error message originally mentioned above. I will post the xorg.o.log file for you to review below so it won't get lost.

I don't quite understand what you mean by host system, my best guess is that it's U Studio since I chose to install the boot loader from there.

XP- (hd0, msdos1)
US- (hd0, msdos3)
SW- (hd0, msdos4)

Also, when or where am I suppose to type in the command
Quote:
fdisk -l
When I do it in US it just hangs there for a while so I just crtl-c it.


I'm sorry, I feel so inept with this entire thing. Thank you so much for all your responses
 
Old 01-02-2011, 10:21 AM   #6
jsandroid
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xorg.config

Hey Drakeo, this is the xorg.o.log file.

Quote:
X.Org X Server 1.7.7
Release Date: 2010-05-04
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0
Build Operating System: Slackware 13.1 Slackware Linux Project
Current Operating System: Linux darkstar 2.6.33.4 #2 Thu May 13 00:27:45 CDT 2010 i686
Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-huge-2.6.33.4 root=/dev/sda4 ro vga normal
Build Date: 05 May 2010 01:54:53AM

Current version of pixman: 0.16.6
Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.x.org
to make sure that you have the latest version.
Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
(++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
(WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(==) Log file: "/var/log/Xorg.0.log", Time: Sun Jan 2 11:45:19 2011
(==) Using config file: "/etc/X11/xorg.conf"
(==) ServerLayout "X.org Configured"
(**) |-->Screen "Screen0" (0)
(**) | |-->Monitor "Monitor0"
(**) | |-->Device "Card0"
(**) |-->Input Device "Mouse0"
(**) |-->Input Device "Keyboard0"
(==) Automatically adding devices
(==) Automatically enabling devices
(WW) The directory "/usr/share/fonts/local" does not exist.
Entry deleted from font path.
(WW) The directory "/usr/share/fonts/CID" does not exist.
Entry deleted from font path.
(WW) The directory "/usr/share/fonts/local" does not exist.
Entry deleted from font path.
(WW) The directory "/usr/share/fonts/CID" does not exist.
Entry deleted from font path.
(**) FontPath set to:
/usr/share/fonts/TTF,
/usr/share/fonts/OTF,
/usr/share/fonts/Type1,
/usr/share/fonts/misc,
/usr/share/fonts/75dpi/:unscaled,
/usr/share/fonts/100dpi/:unscaled,
/usr/share/fonts/75dpi,
/usr/share/fonts/100dpi,
/usr/share/fonts/cyrillic,
/usr/share/fonts/TTF,
/usr/share/fonts/OTF,
/usr/share/fonts/Type1,
/usr/share/fonts/misc,
/usr/share/fonts/75dpi/:unscaled,
/usr/share/fonts/100dpi/:unscaled,
/usr/share/fonts/75dpi,
/usr/share/fonts/100dpi,
/usr/share/fonts/cyrillic
(**) ModulePath set to "/usr/lib/xorg/modules"
(WW) AllowEmptyInput is on, devices using drivers 'kbd', 'mouse' or 'vmmouse' will be disabled.
(WW) Disabling Mouse0
(WW) Disabling Keyboard0
(II) Loader magic: 0x81e4c80
(II) Module ABI versions:
X.Org ANSI C Emulation: 0.4
X.Org Video Driver: 6.0
X.Org XInput driver : 7.0
X.Org Server Extension : 2.0
(--) using VT number 7

(--) PCI:*(0:0:2:0) 8086:2562:1462:5778 rev 3, Mem @ 0xe0000000/134217728, 0xee000000/524288
(--) PCI: (0:1:9:0) 11ff:0701:0000:0000 rev 2, Mem @ 0xed000000/1048576, 0xd0000000/268435456
(WW) Open ACPI failed (/var/run/acpid.socket) (No such file or directory)
(II) "extmod" will be loaded. This was enabled by default and also specified in the config file.
(II) "dbe" will be loaded. This was enabled by default and also specified in the config file.
(II) "glx" will be loaded. This was enabled by default and also specified in the config file.
(II) "dri" will be loaded. This was enabled by default and also specified in the config file.
(II) "dri2" will be loaded. This was enabled by default and also specified in the config file.
(II) LoadModule: "dri2"
(II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/extensions/libdri2.so
(II) Module dri2: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
compiled for 1.7.7, module version = 1.1.0
ABI class: X.Org Server Extension, version 2.0
(II) Loading extension DRI2
(II) LoadModule: "dri"
(II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/extensions/libdri.so
(II) Module dri: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
compiled for 1.7.7, module version = 1.0.0
ABI class: X.Org Server Extension, version 2.0
(II) Loading extension XFree86-DRI
(II) LoadModule: "glx"
(II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/extensions/libglx.so
(II) Module glx: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
compiled for 1.7.7, module version = 1.0.0
ABI class: X.Org Server Extension, version 2.0
(==) AIGLX enabled
(II) Loading extension GLX
(II) LoadModule: "dbe"
(II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/extensions/libdbe.so
(II) Module dbe: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
compiled for 1.7.7, module version = 1.0.0
Module class: X.Org Server Extension
ABI class: X.Org Server Extension, version 2.0
(II) Loading extension DOUBLE-BUFFER
(II) LoadModule: "extmod"
(II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/extensions/libextmod.so
(II) Module extmod: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
compiled for 1.7.7, module version = 1.0.0
Module class: X.Org Server Extension
ABI class: X.Org Server Extension, version 2.0
(II) Loading extension MIT-SCREEN-SAVER
(II) Loading extension XFree86-VidModeExtension
(II) Loading extension XFree86-DGA
(II) Loading extension DPMS
(II) Loading extension XVideo
(II) Loading extension XVideo-MotionCompensation
(II) Loading extension X-Resource
(II) LoadModule: "intel"
(II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/drivers/intel_drv.so
(II) Module intel: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
compiled for 1.7.6, module version = 2.11.0
Module class: X.Org Video Driver
ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 6.0
(II) intel: Driver for Intel Integrated Graphics Chipsets: i810,
i810-dc100, i810e, i815, i830M, 845G, 852GM/855GM, 865G, 915G,
E7221 (i915), 915GM, 945G, 945GM, 945GME, Pineview GM, Pineview G,
965G, G35, 965Q, 946GZ, 965GM, 965GME/GLE, G33, Q35, Q33, GM45,
4 Series, G45/G43, Q45/Q43, G41, B43, Clarkdale, Arrandale
(II) Primary Device is: PCI 00@00:02:0
(EE) intel(0): No kernel modesetting driver detected.
(II) UnloadModule: "intel"
(EE) Screen(s) found, but none have a usable configuration.

Fatal server error:
no screens found

Please consult the The X.Org Foundation support
at http://wiki.x.org
for help.
Please also check the log file at "/var/log/Xorg.0.log" for additional information.
 
Old 01-02-2011, 10:31 AM   #7
yancek
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Quote:
I don't have a menu.lst file does that mean I installed grub incorrectly?
No. It means your Ubuntu Studio is using Grub2 which does not have a menu.lst file. Check the links below for details on using/modifying Grub2:

http://www.dedoimedo.com/computers/grub-2.html
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Grub2

If you have an Applications tab on Ubuntu Studio Desktop, click it and it should show Terminal in the menu. Open that and type: sudo fdisk -l to get your partition information (lower case Letter L in the command).
 
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Old 01-02-2011, 10:41 AM   #8
jsandroid
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@yancek

Thanks so much for clearing that up, and thank you for those links

@everyone

This is what I got from the fdisk -l command:

Quote:
root@Zeta-US:/home/user# sudo fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 9729 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0xf84ef84e

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 5100 40965718+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda2 5101 5343 1951897+ 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda3 7396 9729 18747855 83 Linux
/dev/sda4 5344 7395 16482690 83 Linux

Partition table entries are not in disk order
 
Old 01-02-2011, 06:00 PM   #9
jsandroid
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@yancek those pages you gave me are so informative, it's awesome. I decided to poke around and find out what the shell running for grub.cfg.


Quote:
### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-22-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos3)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 2caeea9f-3fa0-4837-9ba9-c10439003ee3
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-22-generic root=UUID=2caeea9f-3fa0-4837-9ba9-c10439003ee3 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-22-generic
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-22-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos3)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 2caeea9f-3fa0-4837-9ba9-c10439003ee3
echo 'Loading Linux 2.6.35-22-generic ...'
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-22-generic root=UUID=2caeea9f-3fa0-4837-9ba9-c10439003ee3 ro single
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-22-generic
}
### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###
### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos3)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 2caeea9f-3fa0-4837-9ba9-c10439003ee3
linux16 /boot/memtest86+.bin
}
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos3)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 2caeea9f-3fa0-4837-9ba9-c10439003ee3
linux16 /boot/memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8
}
### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
menuentry "Microsoft Windows XP Professional (on /dev/sda1)" {
insmod part_msdos
insmod ntfs
set root='(hd0,msdos1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 3ea0fcf4a0fcb38d
drivemap -s (hd0) ${root}
chainloader +1
}
menuentry "Slackware Linux (Slackware 13.1.0) (on /dev/sda4)" {
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos4)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 5164867c-b302-4d9d-bba1-710abbb8d279
linux /boot/vmlinuz-generic-2.6.33.4 root=/dev/sda4
}
menuentry "Slackware Linux (Slackware 13.1.0) (on /dev/sda4)" {
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos4)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 5164867c-b302-4d9d-bba1-710abbb8d279
linux /boot/vmlinuz-generic-smp-2.6.33.4-smp root=/dev/sda4
}
menuentry "Slackware Linux (Slackware 13.1.0) (on /dev/sda4)" {
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos4)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 5164867c-b302-4d9d-bba1-710abbb8d279
linux /boot/vmlinuz-huge-2.6.33.4 root=/dev/sda4
}
menuentry "Slackware Linux (Slackware 13.1.0) (on /dev/sda4)" {
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos4)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 5164867c-b302-4d9d-bba1-710abbb8d279
linux /boot/vmlinuz-huge-smp-2.6.33.4-smp root=/dev/sda4
I've been trying to write a shell script per OS as that first link you gave seems to suggest to do, but I can't edit the files since they're read only. I try using chmod commands to give permissions to any user and groups towards the shell scripts, and I also activate w to edit it, but it either won't allow me to save changes or it won't even allow me to change the text. Also I noticed from the script above that slackware does not have a "initrd" script line. Is that ok? Could that be causing the problem? There also seems to be a slight variation with with "linux /boot/vmlinuz" for slackware.
 
Old 01-02-2011, 07:04 PM   #10
colorpurple21859
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boot the last entry and login as root. run xorgsetup at the prompt and see if that will allow startx to work. To get your first two slackware entries to boot will need to create a /boot/initrd.gz file and a initrd line in grub. Here is a link to information on setting up slackware http://genek.net/LinuxAdventures/ins...ackconfig.html, scroll down and there is a section on creating the initrd.gz file. I think by rerunning update-grub in ubuntu should create the initrd line but not sure. I don't think the 3rd slackware entry is a valid entry.

Last edited by colorpurple21859; 01-02-2011 at 07:19 PM.
 
Old 01-02-2011, 09:29 PM   #11
jsandroid
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Registered: Jan 2011
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hey colorpurple21859, I installed the initrd.gz as specified in that page you sent me to. I think it installed correctly, I got the following after the install

Quote:
OK: /lib/modules/2.6.33.4-smp/kernal/fs/jbd2.ko added
OK: /lib/modules/2.6.33.4-smp/kernal/fs/mbcache.ko added
OK: /lib/modules/2.6.33.4-smp/kernal/fs/ext4/ext4.ko added
6696 blocks
/boot/initrd.gz created
I then booted into Ubun Studio and created the following shell script and did an update-grub.


Quote:
#!/bin/sh -e
echo "Adding Slackware 13.1.0"
cat << EOF
menuentry "Slackware 13.1.0" {
set root=(hd0,4)
linux /boot/vmlinuz-huge-smp-2.6.33.4-smp
initrd /boot/initrd.img}
EOF
I did a reboot and my Slackware script appeared as a boot option at grub, I go to select it and then finally I get to this:

Quote:
VFS: Cannot open root device "(null)" or unknown-block(8,22)
Please append a correct "root=" boot option; here are the available partitions:
0800 (size) sda driver:sd
0801 (partition size) sda1
0802 (partition size) sda2
0803 (partition size) sda3
0804 (partition size) sda4
then there is

Quote:
Kernel panic- not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(8,22)
Pid: 1, comm:swapper Not tainted 2.6.33.4-smp #2
there's some other crap but I don't that it's all that important.
 
Old 01-02-2011, 11:16 PM   #12
Drakeo
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Do not use vmlinuz-huge-smp-2.6.33.4-smp with an initrd. it will cause some trouble. your default is vmlinuz with out an initrd.
with an initrd
Quote:
root (hd0,X) <--- this should point to your fdisk -l read below.
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-generic-smp-2.6.33.4-smp root=/dev/your_device ro
initrd /boot/initrd.gz
Quote:
Slackware 13.1 wont boot with ubuntu studio and xp installed too
I asked you to read this link and read my post. then I asked you to run in a terminal fdisk -l
from your host system. if it is sudo fdisk -l then do it . this will show your drives. Like I said grub2 no menu.1st when you run update-grub will try to read your bios and map the system. on my multi boots it has never got it right.
Quote:
I did a reboot and my Slackware script appeared as a boot option at grub, I go to select it and then finally I get to this:

Quote:
VFS: Cannot open root device "(null)" or unknown-block(8,22)
Please append a correct "root=" boot option; here are the available partitions:
0800 (size) sda driver:sd
0801 (partition size) sda1
0802 (partition size) sda2
0803 (partition size) sda3
0804 (partition size) sda4
so you have to run grub2 in edit mode in the link. and set (hd0,0) to your fdisl -l and set the root-/dev/sdx then boot it. I hope your next question is
how am I sure that the drives I choose are correct
Quote:
post your fdisk-l
from your host system since the title of this is
Quote:
Slackware 13.1 wont boot with ubuntu studio and xp installed too
this tell me it is not slackware. and you are running grub2.

Quote:
(hd0,0) = /dev/sda1
(hd0,1) = /dev/sda2
(hd0.4) = /dev/sda5

(hd1,0) = /dev/sdb1
(hd1,1) = /dev/sdb2

etc, etc

Last edited by Drakeo; 01-03-2011 at 12:01 AM.
 
Old 01-02-2011, 11:48 PM   #13
Drakeo
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fdisk -l will look like this. This is one of my systems
Quote:
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0001f370

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 63 146480669 73240303+ 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 146480731 732403349 292961309+ 5 Extended
/dev/sda3 732403350 972639359 120118005 83 Linux
/dev/sda4 972639360 976768064 2064352+ 82 Linux swap
/dev/sda5 146480733 292961339 73240303+ 83 Linux
/dev/sda6 * 292961403 439442009 73240303+ 83 Linux
/dev/sda7 439442073 585922679 73240303+ 83 Linux
/dev/sda8 585922743 732403349 73240303+ 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sdb: 1000.2 GB, 1000204886016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 121601 cylinders, total 1953525168 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x46a723d8

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 * 63 390620474 195310206 83 Linux
/dev/sdb2 390620475 1562481899 585930712+ 5 Extended
/dev/sdb3 1562481900 1945294784 191406442+ 83 Linux
/dev/sdb4 1945294785 1953520064 4112640 82 Linux swap
/dev/sdb5 390620538 781240949 195310206 83 Linux
/dev/sdb6 781241013 1171861424 195310206 83 Linux
/dev/sdb7 1171861488 1367179694 97659103+ 83 Linux
/dev/sdb8 1367179758 1562481899 97651071 83 Linux
also
Quote:
colorpurple21859
do not run xorgsetup this is done at boot by xorg. This is well documented. especially if running Nvidia.

Last edited by Drakeo; 01-02-2011 at 11:56 PM.
 
Old 01-03-2011, 05:47 AM   #14
brianL
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Somebody else with a similar problem:

http://www.linuxquestions.org/questi...-items-853792/
 
Old 01-03-2011, 01:59 PM   #15
Drakeo
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Brian I trouble shot this last year when grub2 went default with ubuntu. multiple drives and maps. seems the update program generates a generic grub that is why they set up edit mode for this. Grub2 has some problems with mapping drives.
 
  


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