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Old 04-19-2015, 10:55 AM   #1
willc86
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Registered: Dec 2014
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samba configuration not letting me access files?


Hey guys, I got samba working and I am able to access my files, however I am now trying to learn security with it. i am pretty much trying to allow certain groups access certain files. if you look at samba group you can see that I have @sambausers group to access sambagroup directory.

I have a user called sambatest01. the user can access "samba users only" but the user can access all of the other files as well. what is a correct set up on the other smb.conf to prevent users from accessing this? I cant seem to find a proper set up


[drivers]
path = /files/drivers
browseable = yes
read only = no
guest ok = no
guest only = no


[samba users only]
path = /files/sambagroup
browseable = yes
read only = no
guest ok = no
guest only = no
write list = @sambausers
valid users = @sambausers

Last edited by willc86; 04-19-2015 at 12:43 PM.
 
Old 04-20-2015, 05:39 AM   #2
michaelk
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Please elaborate on what you mean by:
Quote:
I have a user called sambatest01. the user can access "samba users only" but the user can access all of the other files as well.
What are you trying to accomplish? Please post your entire smb.conf file.
 
Old 04-21-2015, 08:49 AM   #3
willc86
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Registered: Dec 2014
Posts: 54

Original Poster
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I have 2 groups

sambashare:x:19:willc86
sambausers:x:24:sambatest01,sambatest02

---------- Post added 04-21-15 at 08:49 AM ----------

[/COLOR]willc86@venus:~$ cat /etc/samba/smb.conf
#
# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
#
#
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which
# are not shown in this example
#
# Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
# commented-out examples in this file.
# - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
# differs from the default Samba behaviour
# - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
# behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
# enough to be mentioned here
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic
# errors.

#======================= Global Settings =======================

[global]

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
workgroup = AMBER

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
server string = h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
; wins server = w.x.y.z

# This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
dns proxy = no

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
; interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
; bind interfaces only = yes



#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
log file = /var/log/samba/log.m

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
max log size = 1000

# If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
# parameter to 'yes'.
# syslog only = no

# We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
# should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
# through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
syslog = 0

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action d


####### Authentication #######

# Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible
# values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary
# domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active
# directory domain controller".
#
# Most people will want "standalone sever" or "member server".
# Running as "active directory domain controller" will require first
# running "samba-tool domain provision" to wipe databases and create a
# new domain.
server role = standalone server

# If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
# password database type you are using.
passdb backend = tdbsam

obey pam restrictions = yes

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
unix password sync = yes

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd u
passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
pam password change = yes


# This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
# to anonymous connections
map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

#
# The following settings only takes effect if 'server role = primary
# classic domain controller', 'server role = backup domain controller'
# or 'domain logons' is set
#

# It specifies the location of the user's
# profile directory from the client point of view) The following
# required a [profiles] share to be setup on the samba server (see
# below)
; logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
# (this is Samba's default)
# logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
; logon drive = H:
# logon home = \\%N\%U

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
; logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

# This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the
# SAMR RPC pipe.
# The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

# This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.
; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
; idmap uid = 10000-20000
; idmap gid = 10000-20000
; template shell = /bin/bash

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
# with the net usershare command.

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
; usershare max shares = 100

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
# public shares, not just authenticated ones
usershare allow guests = yes

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

# Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
# to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each
# user's home directory as \\server\username
;[homes]
; comment = Home Directories
; browseable = no

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
; read only = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
; create mask = 0700

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
; directory mask = 0700

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server.
# Un-comment the following parameter to make sure that only "username"
# can connect to \\server\username
# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
; valid users = %S

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
;[netlogon]
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /home/samba/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; read only = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
;[profiles]
; comment = Users profiles
; path = /home/samba/profiles
; guest ok = no
; browseable = no
; create mask = 0600
; directory mask = 0700

[printers]
comment = All Printers
browseable = no
path = /var/spool/samba
printable = yes
guest ok = no
read only = yes
create mask = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
[print$]
comment = Printer Drivers
path = /var/lib/samba/printers
browseable = yes
read only = yes
guest ok = no
# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
# admin users are members of.
# Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
# to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
; write list = root, @lpadmin

[backup]
path = /files/backup
browseable = yes
read only = no
guest ok = no
guest only = no
write list = @adm
valid users = @adm


[iso]
path = /files/iso
browseable = yes
read only = no
write list = @sambashare
valid users = @sambashare

[applications]
path = /files/applications
browseable = yes
read only = no
guest ok = no
guest only = no
write list = @sambashare
valid users = @sambashare

[williams files]
path = /files/william
browseable = yes
read only = no
guest ok = no
guest only = no
write list = @sambashare
valid users = @sambashare


[samba users only]
path = /files/sambagroup
browseable = yes
read only = no
guest ok = no
guest only = no
write list = @sambausers
valid users = @sambausers

Last edited by willc86; 04-21-2015 at 10:00 AM.
 
Old 04-21-2015, 09:40 AM   #4
willc86
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Registered: Dec 2014
Posts: 54

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: Disabled
ok the problem I am having now is...


Note: I have sambashare and sambausers groups


when i log on as sambatest01 (from sambausers group)
I CAN NOT access all other files, which is what I want. I can only access the directory "samba users only"
THEN,
when I click on applications, I am prompted for a set of credentials again to access the applications directory. I put in the willc86 (from sambashare group) but I get denied access. (keep in mind I am logged in as sambatest01 first I am just trying to access applications with the willc86 credentials while I am already logged on as sambatest01)

if I were to log on from scrtach to
\\venus

then willc86 credentials (INSTEAD of sambatest01)
then click applications directory, I have access. I am just not having access when I first log in as sambatest01 --> then click applications ----> asked for credentials again ---> then put in my willc86 credentials----> i get access denied. So I am baffled why this is happening

Last edited by willc86; 04-21-2015 at 10:03 AM.
 
Old 04-21-2015, 09:51 AM   #5
michaelk
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Registered: Aug 2002
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You need to set the permissions for the users and groups for each directory that is shared (chmod and chgrp commands). You can add valid users or invalid users directive for each share. Only those with the correct permissions can access the shares.

The browseable=yes directive will allow the share to be seen in "network neighboorhood" but it isn't selectable
per user.

Last edited by michaelk; 04-21-2015 at 09:53 AM.
 
  


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