To my knowledge, you normally can't do that graphically. Hence the usual suggestion that I've seen posted by others is to do stuff like that in a terminal as command line instructions
which would mean that you'd open a terminal,
then apply your root password and it'd then depend what you want to do as to what command(s) you'd input.
I'd imagine that even if you've managed to make shortcut's to various root folders/directories etc you won't be able to do much with them - you may not even be able to read the files etc in the folders/directories and would just get "Permission Denied" - unless you've changed the permissions - that being the case is there any point in having a user account if you're gonna want to do all the root admin from your user account - just do everything as root - which negates the need for a user account, and is rather defeating the point of multiuser system's as not only could you screw the system without really trying, but so can anyone who might get access to your system whether locally or remotely (and with virii, trojan's, etc etc).
Your system, your choice!
p.s. If you follow this link
that'd keep you reading up on commands for a while + if you check out the "how to read manpages" link in my sig, then when you're in a terminal, you'd just type "man whatever" and if there's a manual page for it, it tell's you how to use the command though it's in "techie speak", hence using the "how to read" link!