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Old 08-04-2009, 10:08 AM   #1
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root access file edit?

In my root access when I edit a file using vi it opens the file but I have to keep pressing down to get to the bottom.
How do I edit text within the file and the exit/save the file to get back to the command line # ?
Old 08-04-2009, 10:12 AM   #2
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vi has many many features.

You can type man vi to get all the information you'll ever want (and more).

However, it is probably better to find a beginner's guide to vi like the one here:

To exit without changing anything if you're already in vi just hit the escape key then type ":q!" and hit return. Review a beginner's guide like the one above then come back to it.
Old 08-04-2009, 10:13 AM   #3
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While in you're vi

To edit:
Type ESC + i

To save + quit:
Type ESC + :wq (enter)
Old 08-04-2009, 11:08 AM   #4
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You could use while in vi;

Esc :help

To go through the help session to learn by example.
Old 08-04-2009, 06:24 PM   #5
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To save & exit:

ESC :x

shorter than wq
Note that you're almost certainly using vim (vi improved) if you have a std Linux install. They usually symlink the vi cmd to vim.
Please add your distro & version to your profile.

Try typing


at the shell, or go into vi/vim and

ESC :help tutor
Old 08-04-2009, 06:33 PM   #6
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vimtutor was extremely helpful to me when I didn't know anything about vim. It has everything in it you need to know to use it well enough to get by.
vim's very easy to use, once you know the basics.
I personally copied the vimtutor file into my home directory so I could mess around with it without worrying about ruining it or anything like that, but I think it makes a backup of it when you use it, to prevent that from happening. I haven't mastered it or anything, but I can use it very well (by my standards). I stay simple with it, even my .vimrc is simple. I just add
set nocompatible
syntax on
set tabstop=4
set number
I haven't learned much more about it than what's in the vimtutor, though ... except for reading short tutorials on sites. I know learning more about it would be very useful, but once I could comfortably use it, I started reading about other things ...

Last edited by joeBuffer; 08-04-2009 at 06:37 PM.


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