Well you could cp the file.
$ cp /old_location/input.type /new_location/output.type
You could setup an ftp server on the source computer and if the two are networked together.
C:\> ftp -i <ip of ftp computer>
> cd /path
> mget *.jpg
Which might require some setup and skills. And can be quite slow, I think I was doing 1GB per 20 minutes over a 10/100 ethernet connection. Or was that the WiFi speed? Compared to a thumb drive or USB docking station, slow as molasses.
If you just want optical backups. Not that optical media is to be trusted for backups.
$ mkdir disc_4p7gb_max
$ mv stuff* ./disc_4p7gb_max/
$ touch image.iso
$ growisofs -J -R -Z image.iso=./disc_4p7gb_max
(used to just be mkisofs -o image.iso ./path/, but not an option in recent distro versions for me)
(touch is needed as growisofs doesn't seem capable of coping if the file doesn't already exist)
$ growisofs -dvd-compat -Z /dev/dvd=image.iso
(to burn a copy)
A bit needy as you basically end up with three copies of everything. The original files, the directory full of copies, and an image of that copy. You can of course bypass the image and just burn it from the directory. But the iso lets you verify that the final size does not exceed the max capacity. Since the iso9660 file sysytem adds to the total girth by a small amount. Plus it's hard to see actual girth with just du and df. And the iso lets you mount it loopback style to ensure that it kept long filenames and other I wish I knew that before I wasted a disc stuff. Bear in mind that no one file can be larger than 4GB (4,3##,.....) even though the disc holds 4.7GB (4,70#,.....). That is a limitation of iso9660. Other options for a filesystem on the optical disc, but you might not be able to read said disc in windows.
If your windows OS crashed because of a faulty drive, you might want to dd an image of the drive first and foremost. dd of the partitions to so you can mount them. This way you minimize the actual I/O on a potential could die any second device. And there's probably a few apps / gui's now that automate / simplify this process by now. The above being more old school. As in when all else fails. Without installing any new software (depending on your system). And other I don't know how to do it any other way concerns.