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Old 11-25-2009, 01:21 AM   #1
vinaytp
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regex in shell scripts


Hi all..

Code:
[vinay@TEG test]$ echo 'text[2*?!]' | sed 's/text*[2-4]*/vinay/'
vinay[2*?!]
Code:
[vinay@TEG test]$ echo 'text[2*?!]' | sed 's/text*[2-4]/vinay/'
text[2*?!]
In second case text* should match text in text[2*?!] and the output should be vinay[2*?!] right ?
 
Old 11-25-2009, 01:33 AM   #2
Disillusionist
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wrong, although I guess you knew that already.

Quote:
sed 's/text*[2-4]/vinay/'
This would match:

tex2
tex3
tex4
text2
text3
text4
textt2
textt3
textt4

Basically, match tex then any number of the character t (including zero) followed by a number between 2 and 4
 
Old 11-25-2009, 01:48 AM   #3
Disillusionist
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Try:

Code:
echo 'text[2*?!]'|sed 's/\(text\)\(\[[2-4]\)/vinay\2/'
\(text\) searces for an exact match for text
\(\[[2-4]\) searches for a litteral [ character followed by a number between 2 and 4

Therefore \1 refers to text (but we are not using this part.

\2 refers (in this instance) to [2

We replace the search with vinay followed by the second reference [2 the rest of the string is kept as it wasn't part of the search.

HTH,

Dis

Last edited by Disillusionist; 11-25-2009 at 01:54 AM.
 
Old 11-25-2009, 03:45 AM   #4
vinaytp
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Hi Disillusionist

Quote:
Originally Posted by Disillusionist View Post
Try:

Code:
echo 'text[2*?!]'|sed 's/\(text\)\(\[[2-4]\)/vinay\2/'
is giving output as
vinay[2*?!]

Actually output should be
vinay[2

Also you are escaping [ with \ to match [, I hope its not necessary..why its matching whole [2*?!] ??

Till now i have read lot of material on regex..still struggling to find answers..

Last edited by vinaytp; 11-25-2009 at 03:46 AM.
 
Old 11-25-2009, 03:58 AM   #5
Tinkster
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Quote:
Originally Posted by vinaytp View Post
Hi Disillusionist



is giving output as
vinay[2*?!]

Actually output should be
vinay[2
Why do you think so? Please explain.

Quote:
Originally Posted by vinaytp View Post
Also you are escaping [ with \ to match [, I hope its not necessary..why its matching whole [2*?!] ??
It isn't. It's only replacing the matched text (which happens to include
[2-4) and putting it back in the replacement string with \2 ... '*?!]' wasn't
matched and won't be replaced.


Cheers,
Tink
 
  


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