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Old 02-05-2013, 02:50 PM   #1
dksellou
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question about /etc/init.d/xdm and desktop environments


Hi...
two quick questions:
1) are window managers and desktop environments 2 different things.
For example is Metacity a desktop environment or just a window manager?

2)if a X display manager is not already started do you start it with /etc/init.d/xdm or /etc/init.d/xdm start?

Thanks
 
Old 02-05-2013, 09:16 PM   #2
shivaa
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Quote:
Originally Posted by dksellou View Post
1) are window managers and desktop environments 2 different things.
For example is Metacity a desktop environment or just a window manager?
Both windows manager and desktop environment are different.
A windows manager is a utility used to manage different windows opened in your system, whereas a desktop environment is overall setup of your desktop and what you are seeing on your desktop is all a part of your desktop environment.

Metacity is windows manager for GNOME desktop environment, but its not a destkop environment. A windows manager is also a part of your desktop environment. Commonly used desktop enviornments includes GNOME, KDE, XFCE etc.

For more details, check here.

Quote:
Originally Posted by dksellou View Post
2)if a X display manager is not already started do you start it with /etc/init.d/xdm or /etc/init.d/xdm start?
Service management may be different in different OS. For a perfect answer, mention your distro, its version and which desktop environment (plus its version) you're using.
However, you can check for appropriate desktop services under:
Code:
~$ cd /etc/init.d
~$ ls gdm xdm
But nothing specific could be suggested until complete information is provided.

Last edited by shivaa; 02-05-2013 at 09:22 PM. Reason: Typo
 
Old 02-05-2013, 10:03 PM   #3
dksellou
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Thank you so much
for question 2 I use Suse linux enterprise server 11 and use it through VMware. so what should i type at acoomand prompt to start the xdm if it is not started...
i hope it makes more sense now...

Last edited by dksellou; 02-05-2013 at 10:05 PM.
 
Old 02-05-2013, 10:14 PM   #4
shivaa
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Which desktop environment is has - GNOME or KDE? Not much sure about desktop config. in Suse, but as far as I remember, Suse should have KDE.

So you can start it from terminal using:-
Code:
~$ /opt/kde3/bin/startkde
 
Old 02-05-2013, 10:21 PM   #5
dksellou
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It is Gnome
 
Old 02-05-2013, 10:39 PM   #6
shivaa
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Alright. Did you check gnome desktop service (gdm) under /etc/init.d/?

You can start it from CLI using:
Code:
~$ which gnome-session
~$ gnome-session &
This document could be helpful.
 
Old 02-05-2013, 11:05 PM   #7
dksellou
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Yeah I know I was just wondering about the xdm and whether was /etc/init.d/xdm or /etc/init.d/xdm start
 
Old 02-06-2013, 12:03 AM   #8
shivaa
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Yes, you can manage xdm service in this way,
Code:
~$ sudo /etc/init.d/xdm start
~$ sudo /etc/init.d/xdm stop
~$ sudo /etc/init.d/xdm reload
Similarly, gnome desktop can be managed using gdm.
xdm is also kind of desktop manager, but older than gdm and lacks graphics and features like gnome.

Hope this make it more clear!
 
Old 02-06-2013, 04:06 PM   #9
dksellou
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Thank you all so much !!!
 
Old 02-06-2013, 07:01 PM   #10
shivaa
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Quote:
Originally Posted by dksellou View Post
Thank you all so much !!!
Hope above explainations helped. So you can mark the thread as solved (Thread Tools > Mark this thread as solved).

Last edited by shivaa; 02-06-2013 at 07:02 PM.
 
  


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