Linux - NewbieThis Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question?
If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
I´d like to mount one harddrive with one primary fat32 partition. I put it like secondery slave and then tryed
# mount -t vfat /dev/hdd1 /mnt/fat
but i reseaved massege
...bad option,bad superblock, or too many mounted file systems...
i´ve tryed also and options -t auto and msdos. but the same! When my RedHat starts, i saw, it tryed to mount hdd, but after that i can find where. There no line in fstab and the comand df shows only my linux fsystems.
Also i tryed
# fdisk /dev/hdd
end_request: I/O error, dev 16:40(hdd), sector 0
end_request: I/O error, dev 16:40(hdd), sector 2
end_request: I/O error, dev 16:40(hdd), sector 4
end_request: I/O error, dev 16:40(hdd), sector 6
If you use wrong device then you may get error message such as
"Cannot open device hdc"
If command is successful you get
[root@gaurav qmail]# fdisk /dev/hda
The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 4865.
There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,
And could in certain setups cause problems with:
1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)
2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs
(e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)
Command (m for help):
At this prompt run ‘p’ single character to see your partition table
Here is the result of my partition table
Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/hda: 40.0 GB, 40020664320 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 4865 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hda1 * 1 561 4506201 b Win95 FAT32
/dev/hda2 562 3939 27133785 f Win95 Ext'd (LBA)
/dev/hda3 3940 4385 3582495 a5 FreeBSD
/dev/hda4 4386 4865 3855600 83 Linux
/dev/hda5 562 1096 4297356 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/hda6 1097 1606 4096543+ b Win95 FAT32
/dev/hda7 1607 3008 11261533+ b Win95 FAT32
/dev/hda8 3009 3872 6940048+ b Win95 FAT32
/dev/hda9 3873 3939 538146 b Win95 FAT32
You can easily recognize which drive you want to mount
Here I have my windows partitions as
devices Windows Partitions
Do not confuse with /dev/hda2
It is my extended partition you cannot mount that whole partition but you can only mount the logical drives in this partition
Here say if I want mount my E drive in Linux
I need to have an empty folder somewhere to mount.
We can make a folder anywhere but as going by the convention we make all the folders and mount them in
So, go to the mnt folder under root directory
Make a new folder in mnt directory say win_e
If you want to mount it temporarily (till the system is running)
You can mount it by the following command
#mount /dev/hda6 /mnt/win_e
The syntax of the command is easy to interpret
/dev/hda6 gives the device you want to mount
/mnt/win_e gives the path of folder you want to mount
Now if you want to mount your partitions your drives permanently you can do that by making an entry in /etc/fstab file
This file is read each time the system boots.
And so it mounts the partitions listed in this drive
You can add an entry to this file as under corresponding headings
/dev/hda9 /mnt/win_h auto defaults 0 0
the above line refers to
/dev/hda9 gives the device
/mnt/win_h gives the path of the folder
auto tells to detect the filesystem automatically
defaults these two basically deal with the type of mounting we are
0 0 performing and where we want to dump the partiton (related to backing of ext2 filesystem)