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Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
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[root@Simlab-node10 cdrom]# cdrecord blank=fast dev=/dev/hdc -v
Cdrecord 2.0 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2002 Jörg Schilling
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2
Warning: Open by 'devname' is unintentional and not supported.
Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
Using libscg version 'schily-0.7'
Device type : Removable CD-ROM
Version : 0
Response Format: 1
Vendor_info : 'ASUS '
Identifikation : 'CRW-4832AS '
Revision : '0.67'
Device seems to be: Generic mmc CD-RW.
Using generic SCSI-3/mmc CD-R driver (mmc_cdr).
Driver flags : MMC-3 SWABAUDIO BURNFREE
Supported modes: TAO PACKET SAO SAO/R96P SAO/R96R RAW/R16 RAW/R96P RAW/R96R
Drive buf size : 1951488 = 1905 KB
Current Secsize: 2048
ATIP info from disk:
Indicated writing power: 2
Reference speed: 6
Is not unrestricted
Disk sub type: High speed Rewritable (CAV) media (1)
ATIP start of lead in: -12374 (97:17/01)
ATIP start of lead out: 359849 (79:59/74)
1T speed low: 4 1T speed high: 10
2T speed low: 2 2T speed high: 10
power mult factor: 2 6
recommended erase/write power: 5
A1 values: 24 2C DC
A2 values: 14 A4 4A
A3 values: 02 D2 80
Disk type: Phase change
Manuf. index: 69
Manufacturer: Moser Baer India Limited
Manufacturer is guessed because of the orange forum embargo.
The orange forum likes to get money for recent information.
The information for this media may not be correct.
Blocks total: 359849 Blocks current: 346943 Blocks remaining: 347093
Starting to write CD/DVD at speed 12 in real BLANK mode for single session.
Last chance to quit, starting real write 0 seconds. Operation starts.
Blanking PMA, TOC, pregap
cdrecord: Success. blank unit: scsi sendcmd: no error
CDB: A1 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
status: 0x2 (CHECK CONDITION)
Sense Bytes: F0 00 03 00 00 00 00 0A 00 00 00 00 51 00 00 00
Sense Key: 0x3 Medium Error, Segment 0
Sense Code: 0x51 Qual 0x00 (erase failure) Fru 0x0
Sense flags: Blk 0 (valid)
cmd finished after 6.391s timeout 9600s
cdrecord: Cannot blank disk, aborting.
cdrecord: Some drives do not support all blank types.
cdrecord: Try again with cdrecord blank=all.