Hello all again! I must say I'm absolutely shocked at all the helpful comments so far. Honestly I wasn't expecting a reply for some time! This is great! I'm not sure how to qoute phrases like I've noticed so I'll answer each of you with manual qoutes.
From Kenny_Strawn: "To the OP: Did the power go out at a time when an operation was in progress on the drive, such as a copy or move of files to it or a format/erase of it? If so, that may be your problem, as power outages typically disrupt such operations, corrupting the FS on your drive."
"On a side note: What is your drive formatted in?"
I am quite certain the HDD was not in any kind of file transfer or having anything important done to the File system. When my power went out the screensaver was on and the type of Screensaver I run is called "ElectricSheep" (Which is quite neat if anyone wants to look into it). Unless there was something going on behind the scenes I am unaware of, I don't think a screensaver does too much.
As far as the format of my filesystem, well, I'm not sure how to acquire that info. Or maybe I'm just overanalyzing your question. Is there a command I can throw in that will tell me?
From Tredegar: "We all did that at some time. It's how everyone starts. You'll soon learn to swim. In fact, I think you already have done."
Reply: This is wonderful seeing as how I'm not very fond of drowning in electronic goop, lol! Thanks!
From Tredegar: "Good start. Well done"
Reply: Thanks again! It took me a bit to understand the purpose of the terminal and how I could use it to my advantage. I got many of my accessories running with it, very helpful indeed!
From Tredegar: "There are plenty of gurus here on LQ, and although I appear to be listed as one, please consider me as a "Newbie Guru", because sometimes I still get completely lost. Members of LQ are mostly very polite (as you have been), and you'll find LQ is not like some "other" forums: Sufficient information (as you have given), politeness, respect where due, and no "txt spk" abbreviations are always appreciated."
"Meanwhile, we need to know a bit more about how your HDD is set up. Then probably we can help you fix it."
"Please boot from the "Live CD", open a terminal, and tell us what the output of the command fdisk -l"
Reply: It's really good to know there are so many helpful people here especially when it comes to taking matters into your own hands. I say politeness and clarity should come hand in hand with the request of help from people who know what they're doing. This is probably due to the fact that all of you gurus went through the same things I've encountered with my time with linux thus far and deserve a generous amount of respect.
As far as the command goes that you gave me here is the output:
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 250.0 GB, 250059350016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000b7789
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 30028 241199878+ 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 30029 30401 2996122+ 5 Extended
/dev/sda5 30029 30401 2996091 82 Linux swap / Solaris
The HDD seems to be recognizable by running this command right? I had to add in "sudo" before the command. The other partitions as I think they are (sda2, sda5, solaris?) I'm unsure of. I don't even know how they got there.
From Tredegar: "Aside: grub is the GRand Unified Bootloader. It's an awesome piece of software that will boot many different Operating Systems, but if it can't find what it is looking for to do its work, it'll fail with an error message. If you told us what that message was, we'd probably be able to help you faster."
Reply: I always wondered that that stood for, thank you for that. I will be restarting my system back to the original errors that are listed when GRUB tries to boot my HDD. it will be in a seperate post because I have to write it down. Should of before this post but, oh well.
From Tredegar: "And as you already seem to be good at finding things out for yourself you might like to visit http://google.com/linux
which is a search engine specially designed for those who seek answers to linux related problems."
Thanks for the compliment, it means a lot coming from a Guru! I have been using that site among other ones to discover many of the commands I've been using. I came to the conclusion that it would be logical to join a forum and share my findings. Looks like I found the right one! Again, thank you for the welcome, I'm thrilled to be here!
From H_TeXMeX_H: "It would be nice if you posted at least the last few lines or lines with 'error' in them during boot, this will help."
"I would first try to find if the HDD has not failed. I know it's a scary thought, but I'm thinking: A power outage (maybe spike as well), you boot right after and the HDD is not found ... it's possible. Is the HDD found, does it list it as a device ? or does it just fail to mount, but exists as a device ?"
"A live CD is usually a great tool in these times, and any live CD should be able to detect and even mount the HDD."
"If it just won't mount the HDD, then run 'fsck' on the partition, this will clear up any errors and allow you to boot properly. Again more info on the exact nature of the problem is going to help."
"Oh, and welcome to LQ."
Reply: I will be posting those errors lines immediately after this reply. If my HDD has failed, well, that's okay at least I know it's unsolvable and I can just move on, haha. According to the output of the command "fdisk -l" The HDD is listed as a device but fails to mount.
When you tell me to run "fsck" on my partition I found a similar command: "fsck -y /dev/sda1" is this what you mean? If so, here is the output:
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo fsck -y /dev/sda1
fsck 1.41.4 (27-Jan-2009)
e2fsck 1.41.4 (27-Jan-2009)
/dev/sda1: recovering journal
/dev/sda1: Attempt to read block from filesystem resulted in short read while reading block 30122305
JBD: Failed to read block at offset 7990
fsck.ext3: Input/output error while recovering ext3 journal of /dev/sda1
And that, well, I just plain don't understand. My filesystem writes a journal? Boy, it must of had an emotional breakdown, haha. Something failed, so I imagine, that's not good.
Thank you again for the warm welcomes!!
I'm using the Live ubuntu CD as I type this which is extremely helpful. I'm confident, with all of your help, I'll be able to get to the bottom of this dilemma. If worse comes to worse, I'll just format and re-install or just use another HDD if this one has failed. Sorry for the GIANT post, I wanted to reply to everyone.
I'll be posting the errors from booting my HDD next. Thank you all so very much!!