Linux - NewbieThis Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question?
If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
I have been fighting an installation on a computer. I was able to load RedHat 7.1 on the computer, and it ran without any problems. The biggest problem I had with such a system was the following: My guess is the computer is about 7 to 8 years old.
1. Older operating system.
2. Would not run or recognize my wireless USB card.
3. I can't get it to run on newer machines, because drivers are different.
4. I want to run Samba, which is the newest version, and I am not sure if that will run on the older RedHat software.
this means if the computer decides to go south, I cannot easily make another operating system.
I have tried (many times) to load Fedora 13. I can run it off the thumb drive, but after a few windows, it locks up. It will not allow me to install it on the hard drive, it just ignores or locks up on me.
I have tried installing from a CD, and it still locks up.
The closest I have got to installing fedora, is the following:
1. Downloading the 3.1 meg DVD ISO image
2. Burning it on DVD.
It only boots up to a text command line, in which I cannot (or shall I say my knowledge is not good enough to) go further.
One thing that surprised me, was a extremely FAST flash of the words:
Video RAM not enough, switching to text installation. (or something ver similar to this. It game me the impression that the video ram had to be a certain amount, and if it didn't have that minimal amount, anything graphic will not install.
I don't know if this is the cause of my problems or not.
I am only trying to get linux up and going with Samba. I would like to be able to surf the internet and use it as a server later on. I would like to use the Gnome or KDE or xwindows?(I think, I have never tried xwindows but read about it).
The installation of the DVD *seems* complete, but it only boots up in text command mode. I can type in "Root" and the password, and it will take me to the root directory.
I did some searching on this forum and found some help (that is where I found out how to get to the root directory), but nothing about helping me with Fedora 13, getting it to run like It is supposed to.
Is there a certain Video RAM that is required? If so, why did the thumb drive version run, but not the installation version from the DVD?
If you want a server, fedora is not the best choice (it is the development version of RedHat, read less stable), nor is RedHat (unless you're willing to pay for their support, then it's one of the best). If you wish to stay within the RedHat family, I would strongly suggest CentOS, as it is essentially RedHat stripped of the branding. Latest version is 5.5, you can download it here.
A good server solution (for professional and home use) would be Debian "Lenny" (the latest stable release) in my opinion. Older releases can also be used if necessary (although it shouldn't be).
If you're interested in Debian:
Installing can be done in text mode (though a simple graphical interface is also available).
After installation of the basic system (no graphical stuff), you can install the XFCE desktop which uses less resources than the "big" desktops (Gnome and KDE), but is quite user-friendly (you can use this desktop in other distro's, too, of course).
Debian can be downloaded freely at http://www.debian.org/. Since your thumb drive worked, you can make other distro's work like that with a tool called unetbootin.
I could assist a bit with Debian because I use this distro for both my desktop PC and a home server.
Some details I think are useful for you:
You should use the net-installer for Debian. The installer itself is small and during the installation of additional software (e.g., XFCE), it downloads those packages that you need (of course, you need an internet connection on that computer - and I only know it to work with a connection over a LAN cable - WLAN can be a pain here). The "stable" version of Debian should be used for servers and the like. You most probably need the "i386" build.
AFter burning CD's and failing, I decided to try your internet Debian.
I was able to install it on my computer, took approx 10 hours, but it worked.
Now I have one more problem. I have a couple of wireless cards, but I can't get the computer to recognized them. I plug them into the USB port, but nothing happens. It seems like the drivers do not exist, or the computer is not going into a "Plug and Play" mode to analyze them and activate them.
Is there anything I can do to help the computer go into hardware scan mode, and find the USB wireless cards?
If the system has recognized any wireless lan device, you can scan the network with this command (as root):
(install wireless-tools if the commands can't be found).
If your devices aren't used for scanning, then they are probably not recognized. To be sure, you can pull them out, issue this command (as root):
plug them in again, execute that command again (wait a few seconds so the computer can activate them) and see if anything is different.
If you then find out that your wireless devices aren't supported out-of-the-box, you should search for linux drivers on the net. A good search term would be the chip ID that this command returns:
Depending on whether there are Linux drivers for it or not, you'll either have to build a kernel module, or use NDISwrapper (which is also a kernel module). The module-assistant will be of help in this case.
Last edited by TITiAN; 08-20-2010 at 07:31 AM.
Reason: example for lsusb
Ok, I think I have everything downloaded and installed. Samba and all.
I gave up on the wireless connections. It seems that my wireless device will sometimes work on some systems (like the new Fedora), but will not work on other systems because of lack of drivers. I tried another wireless device. . . an older Orinoco, but it didn't work either.
I ended up making a cat5 cable and connecting directly into the router and accessing the internet from there.
My question is. . .How do I assign the Samba? Make a default disk of "F:" and add users with passwords like I do the Novell Network system?
If your wireless lan works with the new fedora, it will most probably work with the "testing" repos in Debian, but I recommended the "stable" repos because the applications are server-related. So if you want to try that, please copy and paste the contents of the file /etc/apt/sources.list here. I will give you instructions on how you can then install the kernel (with the new driver) from the "testing" repos while keeping the rest of the system "stable".
About setting up a samba server in Debian, this search seems to return something useful in the first hit.
I went to the Samba website and was looking through their "Book".
I also went to your link, and neither seemed to tell me where I do this stuff.
Do I open a command type prompt and go to the root directory using "su" and my password? Or, do I do it from my "User directory" (which doesn't make a lot of sense to me per se.).
I also seemed to remember (about 8 years ago), that I had to "edit" a config file with a editor called "joe"? And found out that if you use an editor to edit a confiq file, the Linux editor? (not the 3rd party editor Joey) would no longer work on the config file. Thus, once edited with a third party editor, you were out of luck with the linux program editor. I didn't want to get caught with this again. <smile>
Can I assume all things will be installed from the root directory?
I assume you mean the root user, and that's correct, software is usually installed and maintained with the root user. If you use XFCE, the standart text file editor is "mousepad". It should come with XFCE, but maybe you have to apt-get it manually (apt-get install mousepad). If you don't have any desktop, you can use the "nano" program to edit text files.
I also seemed to remember (about 8 years ago), that I had to "edit" a config file with a editor called "joe"? And found out that if you use an editor to edit a confiq file, the Linux editor? (not the 3rd party editor Joey) would no longer work on the config file. Thus, once edited with a third party editor, you were out of luck with the linux program editor. I didn't want to get caught with this again.
There isn't such thing as "The Linux Editor", you are free of choice which editor you use and yes, to configure samba you have to edit a config file, mainly /etc/samba/smb.conf (on Debian, should be the same on other distros).