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I am preparing to install Debian, and am trying to work out a partition scheme. Here is what I have so far:
1024MB Swap Partition
1024MB / Partition
256MB /tmp partition
5GB /var partition
5GB /usr Partition
3GB /usr/local partition
/home for rest of disk
1. Does anyone have any suggestions to my scheme?
2. I want to use the Reiser FS for my partitions. Does Debian handle filesystems for me? If not, can I just use mke2fs for everything? And also, do any partitions besides the swap need to be a certain FS?
3. Does Debian assist in mounting the hard drives, or do I have to specify mount points somewhere else?
Sorry for such basic questions. I want to use Debian for its package management features. Thanks in advanced for any replies.
IMHO, I'd reduce the /var to about 1.5G and throw the rest into your /usr, and I'd get rid of the /usr/local and consolidate it to just a /usr partition. That and your /swap partition is pretty big. How much RAM do you have? The swap should be about 1.5 times the amount of RAM you're running. Also, what Tink said about your /tmp, I'd bump that up as well.
Last edited by Linux~Powered; 02-13-2005 at 10:41 PM.
Originally posted by reddazz Your / partition seems a bnit small to me regardless of what you want to do, it doesn't give you ample room for expansion in the future.
That's a very interesting statement ... most old-school
Unix admins and security consultants would suggest
making root as small as possible ... if you actually have
a plenty big /opt, /usr, /usr/local and /var, and even took
the time to split out /boot and /etc you'd have VERY fine-
grained control ... one could (once the system runs smoothly)
do things like mounting /usr and /usr/local ro, and /home
I guess you are right in a way but 1gig 2 me just seems a bit restrictive. Anyway we don't know what the system is being used for so I my point of view maybe entirely inaccurate. As for splitting /etc/, I thought /etc/ was supposed to be always on the same partition as /. Just something I read for the Linux+ exam.
This is really just going to be a normal computer, used for gaming, programming, surfing the web, etc. Thanks for the input so far. I got pretty bored in class today and worked on the partition scheme a little. I had heard that root partitions normally don't need to be that big if you are partitioning off the drive, but I am going to increase it to 2.5GB just to be safe. I have 1024MB of RAM, and I am probably going to have a gig of swap space, but would it be safe to shrink it down to 768MB? I'll increase /tmp to 1 GB so I have more space to play around with. Since I won't need that much for /var, I am shrinking it down to 1.5GB, and taking away the /usr/local partition. I will have /USR be 6.5GB then, and will put the rest into home. Thanks for all the input.
Also, the last 2 questions I asked don't really apply anymore. I thought about using Gentoo Linux for a little bit, and thought it wouldn't be that bad. Looking through the handbook, the only thing that seemed mildly confusing to me was the USE flags, but I can probably figure them out by next week. Thanks for all the advice.
Well, looking at Gentoo, some changes need to be made. I'm increasing /usr to 6GB just to play it safe. I'm also going to create /opt to be 1.5GB, and I'm increasing /var to 3GB since Gentoo compiles everything in /var/tmp/portage.
I have 1024MB of RAM, and I am probably going to have a gig of swap space, but would it be safe to shrink it down to 768MB?
You probably wont need a swap partition then (can you get away with that, anyone?), but wouldn't hurt to have at least 256M just in case. I have 640M and Slack almost never uses the swap partition on my drive.
Originally posted by Linux~Powered You probably wont need a swap partition then (can you get away with that, anyone?), but wouldn't hurt to have at least 256M just in case. I have 640M and Slack almost never uses the swap partition on my drive.
Again, that always depends :)
I've seen 8GB RAM machines with a use of 1GB for
swap, no sweat ... my notebook with 512MB never
swapped out more (or at least I never noticed) more
than ~ 100MB ... but again, mileage varies with use.
If you happened to have Gnome, run several instances
of Mozilla, maybe some chubby java application running
and having a few HUGE images loaded in gimp while
creating audio-CDs from MP3s on the fly and encoding
a DVD to AVI in the background ... :D