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I'm wondering why is it I only have one terminal on one of my machines.
Isn't this configured in /etc/inittab where the getty's are called? Maybe you are only calling up one getty. You could change this so that more would be called:
# inittab This file describes how the INIT process should set up
# the system in a certain run-level.
# Author: Miquel van Smoorenburg, <email@example.com>
# Modified for RHS Linux by Marc Ewing and Donnie Barnes
# Default runlevel. The runlevels used by Mandrakelinux are:
# 0 - halt (Do NOT set initdefault to this)
# 1 - Single user mode
# 2 - Multiuser, without NFS (The same as 3, if you do not have networking)
# 3 - Full multiuser mode
# 4 - unused
# 5 - X11
# 6 - reboot (Do NOT set initdefault to this)
# System initialization.
# Trap CTRL-ALT-DELETE
ca::ctrlaltdel:/sbin/shutdown -t3 -r now
# When our UPS tells us power has failed, assume we have a few minutes
# of power left. Schedule a shutdown for 2 minutes from now.
# This does, of course, assume you have powerd installed and your
# UPS connected and working correctly.
pf::powerfail:/sbin/shutdown -f -h +2 "Power Failure; System Shutting Down"
# If power was restored before the shutdown kicked in, cancel it.
pr:12345:powerokwait:/sbin/shutdown -c "Power Restored; Shutdown Cancelled"
# Run gettys in standard runlevels
on top of it, when X is started, I can get back to tty1 with Ctrl+Alt+F1, but then I can't get back to X anymore
This would probably be because you only have one terminal! ;-) Try typing startx and see what happens.
Well you, could drop to runlevel 3 and then go back up to runlevel 5. It seems terminals 2-6 are only set to be activated in runlevels 2 and 3, whereas you're probably in runlevel 5 (boot to GUI). That's a weird setup, but I guess some distros do it that way.