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the biggest snag is probably with people that expect everything in Linux to work the way it does on Windows---there is often some UNlearning of Windows required. In any modern version ("distro") of Linux, all of the everyday functionality is very well supported. That does not mean that there are not a few glitches here and there---but then same answer for Windows...
the best way is to see for yourself--especially with an extra computer, there's no cost AND no risk
If there are some more specific questions, we'll "get right on it"
Distribution: OpenSUSE 13.2 64bit-Gnome on ASUS U52F
I think the biggest snags in my experience is hardware support. Particularly Wireless cards and video & sound cards. If you have no problem and all the hardware in your computer is supported then you are all good to go.
Once you pass the hardware support issue you will find a vast sea of software for all kind of things in the GNU-Linux world. MP3 playing, DVDs and Blue Ray, Images and graphic design of all kind, Pretty much everything.
Make sure you test the distro you want to install before committing to the installation. I know you mentioned you like Ubuntu, but I encorage you to test other distros too, OpenSuSE is a good one, Linux Mint is good too. Ubuntu can be buggy sometimes so make sure everything works before installing.
"Don't cross your bridges before you come to them"
If you walk far enough the other way, there is no need to cross the bridge.
I would also mention that, whereas, there is only a few current Windows versions maintained by one company, there are hundreds of distinct, different distros of Linux. Each one with different ideas, different update cycles, different bugs, different looks, different support...
... it makes me wonder
How I keep from going under
Broken software everywhere
People pissing on da patch, you know they just don't care
They can't apply a diff, got no reason to rejoice
Got no repo to move out, I guess I got no choice
Newbies in the front room, newbies in the back
Newbies in /General with a baseball bat
I tried to get away, but I couldn't get far
Cause a mod with a grudge just went nuclear
Distribution: Debian Sid AMD64, Raspbian Wheezy, various VMs
Another thing you may have trouble with is connecting your phone, iPod, iPad or other device. I have an XP virtual machine which seem to be used exclusively to interface with my Nokia phone and iPad and, to be truthful, I sometimes borrow a Windows machine instead as it's far easier in some cases.
There's also the matter of games. Linux does have some decent games, and some Windows ones work under Wine but if you go into it expecting to just be able to play any game you feel like under Linux you will be disappointed.
Oh, and I should mention that iTunes doesn't work under Linux and neither do Netflix and some other paid for streaming services.
That may sound restrictive but there are alternatives for many things and Linux has the benefit of much greater flexibility in your setup. You can, for example, pretty much have the desktop look any way you want, or go without.
You also get to play with enterprise-grade web servers and the like, if that's something you're interested in.
Thanks to everyone for the thoughtful posts. I hear a lot about Mint. What are the benefits of Mint over Ubuntu (if there are any)? Or perhaps it is just a different flavor? I guess I could try each and decide for myself but I was just wondering and would love to hear the collective wisdom of this group.